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The Most Common Conditions Associated with Hormone Imbalance - Part 3_Final

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>> Hello, and welcome back to part three of the most common conditions associated with hormonal imbalance. We've got four more conditions to go, so let's get started. Amenorrhea is a term that describes the absence of a woman's period all together. This has two different classifications, primary amenorrhea, which is when menstruation hasn't yet started by the age of 16. And secondary amenorrhea, which is when a woman who previously had normal periods has not menstruated for more than three to six months or more than nine months for a woman with oligomenorrhea or irregular periods. In women of reproductive age, amenorrhea is not normal unless she is pregnant or breastfeeding. More often than not, total absence of a period in the cycling woman is the signal of a much more serious condition. The most common causes of primary amenorrhea are a chromosomal or genetic abnormality that can cause the ovaries to stop functioning. Problems with the hypothalamus or the pituitary gland, which can cause reproductive problems and prevent periods from starting. And lifestyle factors, such as excessive exercising, eating disorders, extreme stress, or a combination of these. Secondary amenorrhea can result from natural causes like pregnancy, or breastfeeding, or menopause, medications including certain antidepressants and blood pressure medications, hormonal contraceptives like the birth control pill, injectable contraceptives, and intrauterine devices. Medical therapies like chemotherapy and radiation, scar tissue build up from medical procedures on the uterine lining, like, the removal of uterine fibroids or scar tissue that builds up after C-section. Problems with the hypothalamus, referred to as hypothalamic amenorrhea. This occurs when the hypothalamus stops producing gonadotropin-releasing hormone, which is responsible for starting the menstrual cycle every month. Low body weight, low body fat, eating disorders, emotional stress, excess exercise, or other physical stressors, and other conditions such as PCOS, thyroid disease, or pituitary tumors can also result in secondary amenorrhea. Women who don't get their periods aren't experiencing ovulation either, which brings us to the next condition associated with hormone imbalance, infertility. One of the biggest hallmarks of a healthy fertile woman is that she ovulates. When a woman can't ovulate, she can't get pregnant, resulting in the diagnosis of infertility. The inability to conceive naturally at a reproductive age means that the woman's body is trying to tell her that something is wrong on a deeper level. Much like PMS or other menstrual irregularities, like, amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea, infertility is the body talking to us. These signs should not be covered up with medications or ignored as normal. When these issues are ignored or medicated without looking deeper at the root cause, it's akin to turning off a fire alarm while the fire rages on. Let's look at just a few of the many possible causes for infertility. Structural damage or abnormalities to other female reproductive organs like the cervix, uterus, or the fallopian tubes can result in infertility. Issues with ovulation. These are often caused by hormone imbalance, caused by a number of conditions, such as low body weight or body fat, often due to disordered eating, extreme calorie restriction, or excess exercise, thyroid disease or dysfunction, obesity, stress, infection, and diseases of the female reproductive system, like pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or uterine fibroids or polyps. Next, we have perimenopause and menopause, which are grouped together because they're both part of the same hormonal shift that a woman experiences as her body shifts toward the end of its reproductive cycle. As the female body approaches middle age, hormones like estrogen and progesterone begin to decrease in production. These hormones aren't just for baby making. They also play a huge role in the body's regulatory functions. This is why when hormone production begins to wind down, women start to feel some pretty intense symptoms. You've likely heard of the huge hormonal shift of menopause, but perimenopause is a little different. This is what happens well before the official onset of menopause, sometimes as early as 10 to 20 years before. It's similar but there are some differences in the symptoms. Perimenopause is marked by a drop in estrogen or the sporadic increase and decline of estrogen, which can cause irregular periods, mood disorders, and other symptoms associated with light or sporadic periods. Perimenopause can last for as little as a few months and as long as several years. The end of perimenopause is marked by the onset of menopause, which officially marks the end of the female reproduction cycle. At the onset of menopause, the ovaries produce so little estrogen that eggs are no longer released. This will also stop a woman's period. Many of the symptoms of perimenopause and menopause are the same, but some are quite different. Symptoms of perimenopause include irregular periods, periods that are lighter or heavier than normal, PMS, breast tenderness, changes in hair growth, unexplained hair loss, unwanted weight gain, headaches, low libido, brain fog, muscle aches, frequent infections, and infertility. On the other hand, symptoms of menopause can include hot flashes, night sweats, depression, anxiety, or irritability, mood swings, insomnia, fatigue, dry skin, vaginal dryness, and frequent urination. High cholesterol and risk of heart disease have also been associated with perimenopause and menopause. This could be due to the decrease in estrogen levels, but more research needs to be done. Last, but certainly not least, we'll go over some of the hormone fluctuations and imbalances that can arise from pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum. It probably comes as no surprise that pregnancy, childbirth, and the months that follow have a significant impact on a woman's hormones. But what exactly is going on and how do these huge shifts in hormones affect the woman's health and mood? We'll talk about pregnancy in much more detail later on in this course, but for now, all you need to know is that there are six main hormones that play critical roles in maintaining a healthy pregnancy. Human chorionic gonadotropin or HCG, progesterone, estrogen, oxytocin, prolactin, and relaxin. Many of these same hormones play a huge role in a woman's body after the birth of her child too, but with much different functions. In the first 24 hours after childbirth, estrogen and progesterone drop back down to pre-pregnancy levels. This is a huge shift for the mother. Even the smallest changes in hormone levels can affect a person's mood and physical wellbeing. So imagine what a giant shift like this might feel like. We should all give these ladies a round of applause. Much of the hormonal imbalance that develops postpartum is due to this massive drop in progesterone after the birth of the progesterone producing placenta. Progesterone is known for its calming mood elevating effects. So such an immediate and dramatic drop in this hormone can cause mood shifts that range from the baby blues to full on postpartum depression. It hasn't been until recently that this condition has been viewed as a serious and legitimate experience for new mothers. While progesterone is in the tank, estrogen levels stay relatively high, causing symptoms of estrogen dominance, like breast tenderness, thyroid dysfunction, lower libido, depression, anxiety, unwanted weight gain, fatigue, brain fog, headaches, irritability, insomnia, mood swings, PMS symptoms, water retention, bloating, and even more than that. Thyroid disorders are also quite common after birth. Estrogen dominance can cause the liver to produce excess thyroid binding globulin, which binds the thyroid hormone so it can't be used properly in the body. This can result in low thyroid function after birth. Estrogen dominance can also contribute to postpartum adrenal fatigue. High estrogen and low progesterone interfere with the production and use of cortisol. This decreased production of cortisol can only contribute to one thing, worn out adrenals. I'd like to point out that not every woman has the same experience after giving birth. These are a general list of hormones to keep in mind and symptoms to watch out for. And that wraps up our three part series on the most common conditions associated with hormone imbalance. In this lecture, we went over amenorrhea, infertility, perimenopause, and menopause. We also covered the conditions related to pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum. Each of these conditions that we went over in this module includes a very complex balance of hormones, a balance that's affected by physical, emotional, and mental stressors, disease states, medications, and a lot more. Hopefully, this three part series has given you a deeper understanding of how hormones can be the root cause of a number of conditions that affect a growing number of women every year. And an understanding that as we work to balance hormones, we also work toward improving overall health and wellbeing. Now that you have all of this great information, it's time to rehearse and test your knowledge. While this is all fresh in your head, open up and complete the hormone imbalance fill in the blank worksheet. We've also provided you with a worksheet called "Exploring Symptoms" to apply this information to a realistic coaching scenario. Remember, continued application of this information will help it sink in. Eventually, it will all become second nature to you. When you're all done, head on over to the Facebook group and join the conversation. What stood out to you? What questions do you have? We'd love to hear your thoughts and your feedback. Thank you so much for watching, and I'll see you soon.

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Duration: 9 minutes and 39 seconds
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Language: English
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Posted by: ninaz on Mar 23, 2018

The Most Common Conditions Associated with Hormone Imbalance - Part 3_Final

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