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Gapcast #1 - Health, Money & Sex in Sweden.

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GapCast #1 deals with health, money and sexual rights in Sweden In 6 minutes, I will show you 300 years of development in Sweden and I will compare it with the situation in the rest of the world I will use this diagram here On this axis, I have Life Expectancy, the length of life It may be only 30 years, or 50 years, or 70 years On this axis down here I will show you the Income per Person in year From less than 1 000 dollars up to 20 000 dollars First question is What is the average income in the world today How much does the average person earn 7500 dollars The average Life Expectancy in the world is 68 years But the world is very unequal with big differences between countries There are almost 200 countries Now let me split the world. You will see the big differences Each bubble is a country The size of the bubble shows the size of population The colour is the continent The dark blue down here is Africa, south of Sahara This light blue one here is India The other light blue ones are South Asia The big yellow one is China Yellow is South-east Asia Here we have several colours The brown there is Russia The brown is East Europe The greenish one there is Brazil The greenish is Latin America This red one here is Saudi Arabia The red ones are the Arabic countries So Arab countries, Latin America and East Europe are more or less in the same area Up there are the high income countries Members of OECD You could call them the country club of the UN That is where you find Sweden Now, 300 years back into Swedish history We go backwards into history Where does Sweden end up? 1709, Sweden was at the position of Sierra Leone today one of the worst countries in the world At that year, 1709, we started at my university, the first training for mid-wives in Sweden This is the first text-book for mid-wives So this was the level where Sweden was in 1709 And how fast did Sweden progress? very slowly Slow economic growth, slow improvement of health These are estimates of the health at that time But it��s quite clear that it was more or less 100 years in Sweden between Sierra Leone and Mozambique These are tough parts for development when you are so poor and so sick 1810, we started at Karolinska the training of Medical Doctors One of the teachers was the greatest chemist ***** He advanced chemical science with technological innovations For mid-wives, they started to use the forceps in steel They could use this to help a child who got stuck during home delivery to get out Rough methods but that was also rough times Now this technology and science has come Did it speed up Swedish development? No! Not yet! It continued very slowly, 1830, 1840 ***** came Then Sweden started to develop But how rough the path was, up and down This deeps here, that was famine, hunger years That made about one quarter of the population of Sweden immigrate to US In 1877 Sweden was almost like Uganda today in health and wealth That year, we saw a result of chemical research and chemical industry We saw the soap being introduced into Swedish hospitals The introduction of hand-washing in the hospital reduced the death rate of women who gave birth at hospitals in Stockholm from 4% to 0.4% The same year we made a big administrative reform at Karolinska Institutet We admitted women to medical training And ***** became the first female Medical Doctor to practice in Sweden She practiced during a period of rapidly improving health and economy But also a period of prostitution, lots of syphilis and sexual transmitted diseases She was the first one to start treatment of sexual transmitted diseases and education about family planning But 1910, when Sweden was here, like the lower part of India Then the Swedish parliament banned the protection of condoms They stopped the consultancy and education of family planning The coming years were very different That was the Spanish flu, the influenza Then Sweden had a period of economic growth and a period of economic decline When Sweden was like Guatemala in 1933 Popular movements lead by ****** who started the association for sexual education they made the parliament leave the ban on condoms and Sweden could get family planning back 1933 we could say Sweden started to become a modern country Public health continued to improve You see how it goes up there You can see after the 2nd World War There was fast economic growth, when Sweden was like Brazil in 1953 We had a situation where all pregnant women in Sweden had access to relatively good health service It was to become better and better Because in coming year Sweden had a fast economic growth with the good scientific progress These are the Nobel Prize winners of Karolinska Institutet In only a period from 1953 to 1982, 5 Nobel Prize winners And yet, when it came to education about sexual health It was only in the 1970s that we introduced family planning in the education of mid-wives We trained mid-wives from 1709 all the way up here to 1975 without a lesson about family planning So the sexual rights were late in coming in Sweden But now we have a situation in Sweden where we have continued economic growth better health and also better sexual rights If we compare with a country in Asia today They have better health in relation to economy than Sweden had They also progress faster as you will see in other GapCasts we are going to make We also realized that global health is important for medical universities Our president ***** she has said that we must have a contact and research collaboration with all countries of the world And if you ask her, she would say that for Karolinska Institutet, we need the world even more than the world needs the Karolinska Institutet

Video Details

Duration: 7 minutes and 28 seconds
Country: Sweden
Language: English
Genre: None
Producer: Gapminder
Director: Gapminder
Views: 656
Posted by: gapminder on Nov 7, 2008

In the first GapCast from Gapminder, Professor Hans Rosling shows how economic growth, public health and sexual rights have changed in Sweden during 300 years. In only 6 minutes he shows life expectancy and GDP per capita of Sweden from 1709 to 2004. With trendalyzer graphics he compares historic Sweden with countries of today. 300 years of Swedish progress covers today´s disparity from Sierra Leone to Japan. Wheras education of midwives started in 1709 it was only in the 1970íes that family planning was included in their training. Sexual rights came late in Sweden compared to progress in health and wealth.

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