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© MYEULINK 2010/2011 So, welcome everyone back to the second part of this series of lectures We have been talking yesterday about 'Socialism' and 'Communism' I said that 'Communism' was one particular example of 'Totalitarianiasm' of 'Totalitarian' rule and what I would like to discuss with you now is another example of 'Totalitarianism' in the 20th century namely 'Fascism' What I wanted to say, what I'm going to discuss with you now is another example another branch, another example of 'Totalitarianism' namely 'Fascism' and I do hope that you have at least heard of 'Fascism' and that you at least have a minimal idea what 'Fascism' in European history meant. Before going into the topic itself one need to realise that we really need to know what we are talking about. Fascism has a double meaning 'Fascism' with a capital 'F' refers to a very specific regime,a very specific political movement. It refers to the Political regime that was installed in Italy, in Italy immediately after the First World war. We're talking about the First World war, not the Second World war but the First World war. It was in 1922, in 1922 that a notorious dictator called Mussolini, Mussolini is the guy at the left. Took over power in Italy, led Italy into (after a period of relative stability), led Italy into the Second World war and installed a Fascist regime. Thats Fascism with a capital 'F' It refers to a very specific regime in Italy between 1922 and the end of Second World war (1943/1944 something like that). 'fascism' with a small letter, not with the capital is a more general term and if you talk about 'fascism' with a small 'f' then we mean to describe all sorts of more or less similar regimes, similar to that regime in Italy. Also in other countries, in other European countries but also non European countries like Spain in Europe, like Germany, like Portugal, like Greece virtually all countries in Europe in the inter-war period in the twenties, in the thirties and in the forties developed some sort of fascist regime and there are historians that would argue that even in Japan (and now I'm a little bit coming closer to, well to this part of the world) even in the Japan in the thirties, a regime emerged that could be labelled as fascist the militiristic regime in the 1930s, in the 1940s in Japan is seen by many historians as a fascist movement. After the war, in Latin America, in Chile, in Argentina, in Brazil also more or less terrible or more or less similar political movements emerged So thats the main difference between 'Fasicm' with a capital then we specifically talk about the regime in Italy under Mussolini (the guy at the left, the guy at the right I think you well know him. That's Hitler of course. The German dictator, Fascism with the capital...

Video Details

Duration: 4 minutes and 18 seconds
Country: Malaysia
Language: English
License: All rights reserved
Genre: None
Producer: MEYULINK
Director: MEYULINK
Views: 216
Posted by: jagathesan on Jan 27, 2011

Copyright MYEULINK 2010/2011.

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