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Hi there. In this example, we want to find the equation of a parabola given a set of information about its graph the problem states, "Find the standard equation of the parabola that satisfies the given conditions. Also find the focal diameter of each parabola." For part A, we are given the focus 0 comma 5, the directrix y equals minus 3. For part B we've given the vertex minus 1 comma 2, and directrix x equal 2. And for part C we're given the vertex minus 5 comma minus 2, and focus 1 comma minus 2. So first, let's recall the general equation for a parabola. The graph of Ax squared plus Cy squared plus Dx plus Ey plus F equals 0 is a parabola if AC equals 0, A is not equal to 0, or C is not equal to 0. That is, A is equal to 0, or C is equal to 0, but not both are 0. Let's recall that to find the standard equation of a parabola we must find the vertex h comma k, and p. Remember that p is both the distance between the vertex and the focus, and the distance between the vertex and the directrix. The value 2p is the distance between the focus and the directrix. In part A, the distance between the focus 0 comma 5, and directrix y equal minus 3, is 2p equals 5 minus in parentheses minus 3, or 8 units. We want to draw a rough sketch to help us visualize this. Now given that 2p is equal to 8, our vertex is 1/2 times 8, or 4 units below the focus. So p is equal to 4, and the vertex is 0 comma 5 minus 4, or 0 comma 1. We have that h comma k is equal to 0 comma 1. So h is equal to 0, and k is equal to 1. So the standard equation, when the directrix is below the vertex, is x minus h squared equal to 4p times y minus k. And that becomes, given that h, k is equal to 0 comma 1, x minus 0 squared equal to 4 times p-- p is 4-- times y minus 1. Now we can solve this for x squared. We have that x squared is equal to 16 times y minus 1. And so the focal diameter is 4p, or 4 times 4, which is equal to 16. So now let's draw a rough graph to visualize the graph of our parabola for part A. We have our x-y axes here. Given this form of the equation, we have a parabola that opens upward, where the vertex is 0 comma 1. So we go 0 on the x-axis, 1 on the y-axis. We locate our vertex and draw our parabola. We have that the directrix is y equal minus 3. We'll put minus 3 at about that location, and draw our directrix, y equals minus 3. We can find our focal point-- h comma k plus p, which is 0 comma 1 plus 4, or 0 comma 5. And so we can put that point here on the y-axis at y equals 5. So there's our focal point-- F 0 comma 5. We also have the vertex right here at 0 comma 1. We'll go ahead and label that. And so that's the rough sketch of the graph of our equation from part A. In part B, the distance between the vertex minus 1 comma 2 in the directrix x equal 2 is p equal to 2 minus in parentheses minus 1, or p equals 3. We're going to draw a rough sketch to help us visualize this as well. The vertex, minus 1 comma 2, is equal to h comma k, so that h is equal to minus 1, and k is equal to 2. The standard equation when the directrix is to the right of the vertex is y minus k squared equals minus 4p times x minus h. Now we can replace k with 2, and h with minus 1, and also p with 3, to obtain our equation. We have y minus 2 squared equals minus 4 times p is equal to 3 times x minus h, which is minus 1. We simplify this a bit further. We have y minus 2 squared equals minus 12 times x plus 1. So the focal diameter is 4p, which is equal to 4 times 3, or 12. Now we're going to sketch a rough graph to help us visualize this equation. Again, the directrix is to the right of the vertex. We have a parabola that opens left. The vertex is at minus 1 comma 2. So I'll place that right there as the point minus 1 comma 2. Well that is 2. And that is minus 1. Here's our x and y-axes labeled. Our parabola opens to the left. We have our directrix x equal 2. And it's symmetric about the line y equals 2. The focal point is h minus p comma k, or minus 1 minus 3 comma 2, or minus 4 comma 2. So minus 4 is about here on the x-axis, and 2 is right there. So they meet up right at about that point. So here's our focal point-- minus 4 comma 2. So there's a rough sketch of what our parabola looks like for part B. So for part C, the distance between the vertex minus 5 comma minus 2, and the focus 1 comma minus 2, is p equal to 1 minus in parentheses minus 5, which is equal to 6. We're going to draw a rough sketch of this one as well to help us visualize the equation that we're going to determine. The vertex is minus 5 comma minus 2. So our h is equal to minus 5. Our k is equal to minus 2. And so the equation with the vertex to the left of the focus is given by y minus k squared equals 4 times p times x minus h. You plug in that k is equal to minus 2, and h is equal to minus 5. And we plug-in that p is equal to 6. We have y minus in parentheses minus 2 squared equal to 4 times 6 times x minus h-- h being minus 5 in parentheses. And we can simplify this a bit further. We get the equation y plus 2 squared equals 24 times x plus 5. So the focal diameter is 4 times p, which is 4 times 6, or 24. Now let's draw the rough graph of this equation to visualize the situation. We put our x-y axes down. We have a parabola that opens to the right, given this form of the equation, where the vertex is minus 5 comma minus 2. So we locate a minus 5 on our x-axis, and a rough position for minus 2 on the y-axis. The vertex we'll put right there. Our parabola opens to the right with the symmetry axis at y equal minus 2. The directrix is the equation x equal h minus p for the directrix-- h minus p being minus 5 minus 6, or minus 11. So we'll go ahead and locate a minus 11 roughly here on the x-axis and draw our directrix. So here is our directrix x equal minus 11. We can also draw our focal point for this equation. Our focal point is the point h plus p comma k, or minus 5 plus 6 comma minus 2. And so the focal point is reduced to 1 comma minus 2. We locate 1, roughly on the x-axis to be about there. Minus 2 of course at that point. So our focal point is labeled approximately there, the point 1 comma minus 2. So this is roughly what our graph looks like for part C.

Video Details

Duration: 12 minutes and 21 seconds
Country: United States
Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
Genre: None
Views: 48
Posted by: 3play on Jul 24, 2017

Please translate to spa_la. Account ID: 585. Notes on format and other things are here: http://s3.amazonaws.com/originp3/app/translation-profiles/profiles/c728d56a6e3afc44c0a63b925c143995.html

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