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Ingenio Ledesma - Impacto Social

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Our trip began from Buenos Aires city... Argentina ...to Libertador General San Martín city, Ledesma county... ...Jujuy Province... ...Where we will see the Ledesma sugar mill... ...and in this part, we are going to see its role... ...throughout the social history of this country... We will go through a part of that history... ...but the one that left more scars in the society... ...mainly in Argentina's north society. Ledesma Sugar Mill - Social Impact There used to be hundreds of aboriginal groups living here. Our ancestors... ...everything, aboriginal cemeteries... ...it was destroyed. The ones who lived here. It's a weapon of our warriors... ...there were thousands of them, and their lands were taken away... and here we have plates, where they grinded corn... they put the corn, and you don't have access, and you go through a lot of places here... ...you dig a little and the ceramics start to show. They make everything disappeared, they plunder everything. Large jar are always discovered... ...with our ancestors inside them... ...which was the way in which they buried. The archaeological part here is extremely rich. How he comes to get involved... ...with the people that needed him the most... ...is as a doctor... ...he's been doing it since 1958... ...when he arrived to Ledesma, hired... ...by the company, as a doctor... ...and attracted by the huge quantity of reports... ...of infant mortality during the harvest season... ...which is a tropical place, so there are between 40ºC and 50ºC in the shade... Usually the harvest collectors were bolivian families or indians from Chaco-Salteño ...who came, were received in the Bolivian frontier... ...and brought by train to the Ledesma station... ...and sometimes these people perhaps were very surprised because the aboriginals mainly brought a lot of dogs with them. I think my dad said that 15 kids died per day, per day… ...pay attention to the quantity they were; in such places, there were 4 or 6 months of harvest... ...therefore, we had hundreds of dead children... ...and others barely saved, and others with consequences... ...specially neurological when some were saved. ...and well. That's why I always say that those lands, Ledesma, are watered with the blood and tears... ...of so many women and parents that saw their kids die there. ...it's like they didn't care too much about the collector's lives... ...but, just as an important company does, they only cared about producing... ...that was the company's slogan, their advertising, they were a company that produced... ...the other things were kind of secondary. 70% of the peasants are kept sunken in the poverty... ...they don't have family wage, they don't have health service... ...they have absolutely any... ...and they're "swallow" (they work just for the harvest and then go away). In the 70s the “villero” movement is formed... ...which supports him a lot... ...and demands of the Jujuy’s PJ and Ledesma that... ...their doctor was the Major of Libertador General San Martín city... ...in 1973, when he takes on the government. He, as a person who had known, worked... ...and seen how Ledesma company always earned money... ...at the expense of life, blood, sacrifice, and very low salaries for their employees... ...specially to the country workers. The richest ones, who, at that time, were the Ledesma Company had to... ...give to the town council, pay taxes, so that an urbanization plan for the place could begin. He had a plan: to build houses where the employees of the “villero” movement lived so that he could take them out of there. He takes on the government in May, 1973 (I think)... ...And the first thing he does is to launch the project so that it could be outlined and to have approved... ...the municipal field's expansion... ...which was a project well-prepared... ...by experts he brought from Córdoba. As legally, the town council’s influence could be expanded... ...(so that the Ledesma Sugar Mill could pay the taxes; I mean, legally)... ...the jury approves it, and the municipal field's extension is passed... ...and that's when the first strong conflict begins, with Ledesma, when this regulation is approved... ...and the Ledesma’s directors start putting on pressure on my father, and they have several meetings... ...where they would offer him fields in Buenos Aires, so that he didn't pass that law. Among other things, the problem was the smokestack's filters... ...because Ledesma had always thrown the burned sugar cane's rests... ...through the smokestacks, and that polluted the whole town... ...even in each house's plants, as they used some poisonous elements... ...to control the sugar cane's plagues, in which there's always some sugar left,... ...that coal dust makes holes inside the plant's leaves. Ledesma Company just pay taxes for only one month to the town council... ...they had never payed them before. He had a project: if Ledesma Company payed each month... ...the taxes to the town council, then Libertador General San Martín’s city town council... ...would never ever depend on the funds' remittance again... from the Jujuy Province, the national goverment... ...because with what Ledesma company owed, what they should have payed each month... ...was more than enough for the town council to build working class neighborhoods, a big hospital, an important shopping place... ...That is to say, that if this was the Company that earned more money… ...and Latin America's most important Company... ...as they were always proud to call themselves and to be advertised as... ...then how could it be that the population was so torn down, poor… ...who knows... these are things that cannot be understood till nowadays. His government lasts for 8 months, until he's removed. This would be a civil coup... ...the J.P.R.A. ...take the town council up in arms... ...At that time, in 1974, they begin to persecute my family... ...He's caught the 24th of March, 1976, by a Ledesma employee... ...driving a Ledesma van. After he's been disappeared for two months and a year under arrest... ...he's freed in La Plata city, and arrives to Libertador General San Martín city. At the times of the military process many atrocities were made... ...they kept many workers' lands... ...who had ancestrally lived there... ...as they didn't have a property paper or something, the company just kept it. At that time, in the 70s, the issue of pollution wasn't as important as it is nowadays,... ...and they put some filters but they don't work, because they don't make the investment... ...they should've done so that the coal dust expulsion through the chimneys was better. This corporations cause misfortune, don't they? The 13th of May, 1977 they made him disappear... And that's when we begin to organize ourselves with my mother, with the family members, as Relatives... There were a lot of pressure on the family members and on the mothers so that they didn't go out to the square... ...Why? Because their relatives worked in Ledesma company. Where was it that the demand had to be done?... ...Where was the executive branch?... ...either provincial or local,... ...or national, in the squares. From Ledesma’s county, where was the political leader of the place?... ...it was in Libertador General San Martín city. Here, the lack of labor development is terrible... ...it's still terrible, because we are sure (that it's possible to have labor development)... ...there is no decree, there is no law, there is nothing… ...but we are sure that the unfortunately obsecuentes Majors with this power, of this corporation… ...do not allow the installation of any factory, of no source of work... ...having of everything here… ...For example, How is possible?... ...that in Switzerland we have the chocolate of greater quality of the world… ...And you know a plant cacao that is born in Switzerland?... ...No, Is not certain? It does not exist. ..Japan does not have anything, nevertheless is a power… ...and here that we have of everything, a wonderful climate… in the same province of Jujuy… ...in the province of Jujuy we only have of everything... ...Petroleum, we have been having a petroleum until for decades here, in Caimancito, was one of the richest river basins of Argentina. Before for example the people of did not use much gas here… ...because it had the possibility of bringing firewood… ...of there, of the streams that are above... ...Everything was closed, put monitoring... ...do not go anybody. ...people here… How much tank of gas one?... ...$ 35... ...Before people brought firewood of the mount... ...the people was going to seed there to the mount… ...seeded their corn, seeded… Because this zone gives of everything ...Nevertheless Ledesma came a return and it put the machine to him to the people who had the walls, the seeded ones... ...subsisted with that... ...Closed everything, put machine, nobody to him enters here… nobody enters no side. Before there were 2 or 3 positions front of harvest for example... ...and in each front of harvest worked 500, 1000 workers at least, Is not certain?... ...Now in each position of harvest do not happen of 50, all make the machines. There is a factory that calls The Packing here... ...that is the factory of juice. before last year one lady comes from there and she says to me... ...-Doctor you know that I was going to work, and sometimes had to work 12 hours… ...and it did not hold, it could not maintain to me stopped, and it saw that my companions... ...were awake, I later asked to them and they offered the solution to me That was? The cocaine- Cocaine. For example have a harvest in Yuto, Caimancito, Fraile, of citrus and can not sell anywhere ... ...Ledesma pays it to which it wants, there is no a market already, Ledesma eliminated everything... ...and thus, all sell to him to Ledesma. All to Ledesma. -The majority So for example you sell a box of oranges, for example to $20,... Ledesma pays $5 to it, but it buys all the harvest to him... ...and $5 is not enough to own land or farm, to keep... ...and then obviously fixes Ledesma takes you buy the land. There he bought a ton of orange in U$D 80, suddenly... ...with a ton removed 60 boxes of citrus for export to Europe... ...where every box of citrus to the charging U$D 40... Can you imagine the fortune? Make that a ton of U$D 80 and the inputs that had to pack everything that is U$D 120.. ...which leaves them a ton, but they got U$D 40 multiplied by 60. Rivarola for example, Fellner, Jenefes, they are all owners of these lands... ...that must be retrieved, so you have to ask to be recovered... ...become state lands that are or are communal lands, as have our ancestors in La Quiaca city... ...in the Quebrada, which do not allow private ownership. Very happy, very joyful, and I believe that each of the 30,000 missing and 500,000 dissapeared... ...in this decade in Latin America. They are applauding you... ...and they are smiling with love, affection for the work you are doing... ...which is much more powerful, said José Martí that you are doing is worth more than a trench battleships. If have not the Sugar Mill, would the tourism investment Currently the project is to make the factory biofuel based on sugar cane. It is thought that the factory would be built there biofuel, destroying what remains of the ancient city of Ledesma. They have to pay, trial and punishment, and punishment with no rancor, we return to land, water. The Ledesma Sugar Mill owns the plantation to which there is no access by the authorities If you would like the sugar mill could have more direct paths to locations across the land they use. The legend on "El Familiar", who abducted others, is still in effect on the people from Ledesma city and Calilegua city There is a new awakening, an explosion of revolt. Ledesma Sugar Mill - Social Impact

Video Details

Duration: 16 minutes and 41 seconds
Country: Argentina
Language: Spanish (Spain)
Producer: Manuel Santarcieri, y mas gente
Director: Manuel Santarcieri
Views: 291
Posted by: masa on Aug 2, 2009

Ledesma es un ingenio azucarero, que hoy en dia no solo tiene azucar, sino hace papel, alcohol, y muy pronto biodiesel.
A costa de muertes este imperio se fue formando, en esta parte veremos la destruccion social que hizo.
Esta ubicado en Libertador General San Martin, Jujuy (Provincia Argentina, al norte).
Es la historia de los aborigenes desplazados, la desaparicion de Luis Aredez, y la creacion de una de las marchas mas grandes de Argentina, en reclamo no solo por los desaparecidos, sino que hoy en dia es un reclamo por las cosas que hace Ledesma.
En el video habla Ricardo Aredez, hijo de Luis (intendente desaparecido), Ernesto Rueda, militante politico, veterinario. Y Diego, habitante de Calilegua.

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