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Unit 9 - Technology-enhanced learning and constructivism

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Technology-enhanced learning and constructivism Web-Based Learning (WBL), sometimes called E-learning, is anywhere, any-time instruction delivered over the Internet or an intranet to browser-equippped learners. There are two primary models of Web-based instruction: synchronous (instructor-facilitated) and asynchronous (self-directed, self-paced). Instruction can be delivered by a combination of static methods (learning portals, hyperlinked pages, screen cam tutorials, streaming audio/video, and live Web broadcasts) and interactive methods (threaded discussions, chats, and desk-top video conferencing). Enthusiasts feel that Web-based instruction is the perfect solution to meeting the needs of life-long learners because it is available on demand, does not require travel, and is cost-efficient. Critics point out that Web-based training is a good alternative for independent, self-motivated students but that technical issues and the need for human contact limit its usefulness for students with other learning styles. Technology-enhanced language learning received enormous support when the theory of constructivism (Dewey 1938, Piaget 1950) was applied to the use of computers. Constructivism posits the view that, rather than internalising or discovering knowledge, individuals reorganise and restructure their experience. Knowledge cannot be taught but constructed (that is, learned) because knowledge is something built up by the learner According to the central tenets of constructivism (within Applied Linguistics associated with Halliday 1978), language learning does not involve internalising sets of rules, structures and forms; each learner brings his or her own experience and world knowledge to bear on the target language or task at hand. The use of problem-solving during tasks and projects, rather than or in addition to direct instruction by the teacher, is one of the main tenets of constructivism.

Video Details

Duration: 3 minutes and 1 second
Country: Spain
Language: English
Producer: Manuel Pérez Gutiérrez
Director: Manuel Pérez Gutiérrez
Views: 130
Posted by: mapegu on Dec 10, 2008

Technology-enhanced language learning received enormous support when the theory of constructivism (Dewey 1938, Piaget 1950, within Applied Linguistics associated with Halliday 1978) was applied to the use of computers. Constructivism posits the view that, rather than internalising or discovering knowledge, individuals reorganise and restructure their experience. Knowledge cannot be taught but constructed (that is, learned) because knowledge is something built up by the learner.

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