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Unit 13 - Self-instruction

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Self-instruction In accordance with the theory of constructivism, autonomous learners take an active role in the learning process, generating ideas and availing themselves of learning opportunities, rather than simply reacting to various stimuli of the teacher. The concepts of self-instruction, self-study, self-learning, autonomous learning, or learner autonomy were promoted in part by the new technological devices following the principles of constructivism which support psychological versions of autonomy that appertain to learners’ behaviour, attitudes, and motivation. Autonomy has been defined as the ability to take charge of one’s learning. The term has come to be used at least in the following five ways: a) for situations in which learners study entirely on their own; b) for a set of skills which can be learned and applied in self-directed learning; c) for an inborn capacity which is suppressed by institutional education; d) for the exercise of learners’ responsibility for their own learning; e) for the right of learners to determine the direction of their own learning. As a result, communicative approaches encourage and promote self-directed learning as a necessary condition for learner autonomy. Technological devices such as videos, MP3, and CD-ROMs greatly facilitate self-study and learner autonomy. Multimedia laboratories, the new version of the obsolete language laboratory, offer an ideal context for autonomy in learning. Such autonomy makes learners more responsible for their own learning activities, reducing dependency on the teacher. Self-access centres, which can be found at many universities and public libraries, depend on three elements: materials, equipment and academic support. Materials (books, dictionaries, encyclopaedias, magazines) include the instructions as to how to use them without difficulty. The equipment goes together with the materials, which can be used independently. Other materials, such as recordings, videos, and software, need equipment, such as tape recorders, video recorders and computers. Academic support provides students with information and help if necessary.

Video Details

Duration: 3 minutes and 13 seconds
Country: Spain
Language: English
Producer: Manuel Pérez Gutiérrez
Director: Manuel Pérez Gutiérrez
Views: 81
Posted by: mapegu on Dec 11, 2008

In accordance with the theory of constructivism, autonomous learners take an active role in the learning process, generating ideas and availing themselves of learning opportunities, rather than simply reacting to various stimuli of the teacher.

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