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Security-Search-Techniques-Ships-Stores

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[MUSIC PLAYING] Stores are assembled from various suppliers, accumulated in warehouses, shipped to dockside, then loaded on ships. The weakest link in this long chain is the cargo being left unattended. That is the primary shortfall. The ordering, assembling, transportation, and stowage of ship's stores is a complicated, sophisticated system. There are hundreds of sources for stores, dozens of vendors and ships chandlers, and a host of different transports that bring them to dockside and eventually to our ships. It is the ship chandler's responsibility to collect all these items from different sources, get them together, check it, verify it that they are indeed what the vessel needs in accordance to the demand, and securely position them in a truck or any other conveyance, and then transport it to the vessel. It's this very complexity that makes ship's stores such an inviting target for terrorists and smugglers. Lots of packages from lots of sources handled multiple times, a difficult chain to keep intact and secure. With the adoption of the International Ship and Port Facility Security code, commonly known as ISPS, comes increased attention to points of vulnerability. In this case, the delivery of ships stores. According to ISPS, security should ensure checking of ship's stores and package integrity, prevent ship's stores from being accepted without inspection, prevent tampering, and prevent ship's stores from being accepted unless ordered. A crucial step in the process is checking all stores that come on to the vessel and matching these with what's been ordered. But the chain of security actually comes together earlier with the ship's chandler who assembles the stores in the first place. Chandlers have always been security conscious. In port cities, fending off smugglers, vandals, and thieves has come with the territory for centuries. Today however, new regulations and security consciousness have upped the ante even in this facility with its 18 security cameras, its fenced and locked perimeter, and its sealed, signed, and delivered transportation. Once the truck is loaded, before it goes down to the vessel we'll actually put a seal on it. The driver will then sign when he signs for all the paperwork and the custom documents. He'll sign the form. He will apply this seal with the seal number on it. The truck will then leave here. When it gets to the vessel the ship's officer will come down, make sure the seal is not tampered with, and he will break the seal. Accompanying the cargo of stores will be a detailed list of everything ordered, packed, and assembled onto pallets. By the time the truck pulls up to the vessel, it has already been checked and passed through port facility security. And before any unloading begins two crucial links in the security chain must be authenticated. First, a handover of the documents which accompany the order and will be used to cross check and inspect it. And second, the checking of the seal by the ship's officer and his assurance of the integrity of the shipment. The ISPS code recommends that for ships regularly using a port facility they establish procedures with their suppliers and the port facility covering notification and timing of deliveries and their documentation, and that there be ways of confirming that stores presented for delivery are accompanied by evidence that they have been ordered by the ship. Typically, loads of ships' stores have multiple destinations on the ship. In interest of speed and efficiency, it's useful if possible to have the individual who will ultimately receive the stores inspect the shipment and cross check the order documentation. Basically, the deck department, which is the chief officer, he will sign for all deck stores. We then have the chief engineer, engine stores. We have the second officer who will sign for all navigational items, charts, tablets, paper. We have the chief cook who will sign for all the food. And we usually have a steward who will sign for the bonded goods, or the master will sign for the bonded goods. Despite the precautions taken by the chandlers, there is no guarantee that the stores were not tampered with or contaminated earlier in the process. So an inspection on the dockside is important, unpacking a couple of pallets at security level one in a random search for any irregularities. A more detailed cross checking of the order itself will occur on the vessel itself. The normal tendency is if it is packed it's got to be OK, but it's not really OK. Because that's where I think a lot of people fall into the trap. It's easy to get any of these things in a box and nicely wrap it and then it looks very, very, shall we say, professional. And it's easy to get away. And I think this is where in lots of cases they found things which were smuggled on to the vessel or a craft or any other places have been in these kinds of boxes which was nicely wrapped. Like most other aspects of ship security, the thoroughness of your inspection will depend on procedures outlined in your ship's security plan, especially those required when a MARSEC level two or three warning is in force. At security level three, for instance, ISPS suggests captains may refuse shipments altogether or suspend their handling until the security threat is diminished. Once stores have been hoisted aboard and the pallets broken apart, the shipment should be cross checked. Each officer or a crew member in charge can quickly compare what's been delivered with what's been ordered by his particular department. There are also inevitable discrepancies, items out of stock or mistakenly sent. These should be noted and returned. With the cross checking complete, items can then be taken to their respective storage areas and secured. All stores should be clearly labeled once they've been inspected, and then the storage area itself should be made secure with access restricted only to those who require it. Occasionally in your searches and inspection you'll find something suspicious. In the case of a gun or a weapon, notify ship and port facility security immediately. Confiscate the weapon and report the incident. In the case of suspicious chemicals or potential explosives, isolate the substances immediately. Notify the security and hazardous materials experts and/or local authorities. And in the extreme case of a sealed package which appears to be an explosive device or bomb, evacuate the immediate area at once. Do not move or touch the object. And be wary of any electronic transmissions in the vicinity which could detonate an explosive device. First and foremost you isolate the item. Now it depends what kind of item it is. If you think it is going to be some kind of an explosive kind of item you try and evacuate as much area as you can around that area. But if you're on the ship it all depends what kind of a scenario it is. It may even go to the extent of evacuating the whole ship. Like many ship's activities, the handling and securing of ship's stores requires training and practice to develop efficient procedures. Here's a quick review of what we've covered in this program. The assembly and delivery of ship's stores is a sophisticated system, subject today to increased security via the ISPS code. The system gets a secure start with ships chandlers and a secure transfer at dockside. Most shipments have multiple destinations aboard ship, and thus require multiple inspections. Inspecting the shipment at dockside is an important first step, followed by a thorough cross checking on board with documents in hand. Finding something suspicious requires immediate notification of security personnel and other steps depending on the threat level. The secure handling of ships stores can also result in a more orderly, efficient process for supplying our vessels and their crews. It's good security, and it's good business.

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Duration: 11 minutes and 22 seconds
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Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
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Views: 6
Posted by: maritimetraining on Apr 23, 2018

Security-Search-Techniques-Ships-Stores

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