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Spa Treatment

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[♪music♪] [Russell Preston Brown in...] [The Russell Brown Show - Power Tips] This episode of the Russell Brown Show is called "The Spa Treatment." Yes, this is a series of tips and techniques for enhancing images of people's faces. In this process, of course, we're going to finish with this final image you see here and we're going to, of course, start with this image right here. There are a lot of problems, but first of all is the background is too cluttered and is distracting from the person's face. Next, there's lots of Spa Treatment we can do to the face-- getting rid of some wrinkles, brightening the teeth, and generally giving the person a more even skin tone complexion. Let's go through this step by step, and believe it or don't--I do not use the Healing brush during this entire process. Now, you may use this in your general work flow, but I find this Spa Treatment effect works extremely well for subtle and gentle retouching. Let's get started. I'm going to turn on a few layers, one by one, so you can see how these change the image. I'm going to zoom in a bit at this time so we can see these more clearly. Let's start with my first layer that I work with, and it's a Lighten layer. I'm going to turn it on right here. Now, what this does is get rid of the shadows in the areas of the wrinkles in the face. I'm calling this Lighten because if I select the layer, you can see that I've set the mode for this layer to Lighten, right here. It's isolating the corrections to only lighten those areas which are dark. This is a great technique. The next thing I want to do is get rid of areas that are slightly too light in value, and that's done with Darken. Let me turn this one on. I'm going to select Darken, this layer right here and turn it on. Now, in this particular case, I used it specifically right on the lips, so I got rid of this glossy sheen to the lips. Let's turn this on again so you can see this. Again, if I target the Darken layer, you can see that I've set the blend mode for this layer to Darken, right here. So it will only darken those areas which are lighter than the current shade of color that you're painting with. And again, I work with the Clone Stamp tool in this case to move the pixels around. I want to do the least amount of damage to the person's face. I want to use the existing pixels on the person's face and with this technique of Lighten and Darken, you can do some amazing things. Not to mention the fact that these are on their separate layers you can then tone these back. Check this out--with this Darken layer, I have it currently set to 71%. Let's bring this up to 100% and see what this looks like. I found that it took out too much of the sheen to the lips, so I dropped it back a little. That's the great thing about putting these adjustments of Lighten and Darken on their own separate layers-- you can adjust them and delicately balance this as you're working on the project because sometimes you can just go a little too far, and you don't want the person to look like a baby face. You want them to look natural and realistic with just a little bit of what I call the "Spa Treatment." Next in my series of adjustments is a color adjustment. Check this out. I'm turning on this Color layer--the visibility right here. You can see here that I've put a general coloring over the entire face with this process. I'm going to target the Color layer, and of course, it's name is Color, and here in the Options bar, I've set the mode to Color. Now what am I doing? I'm simply painting into this layer with a color. If I turn off the visibility of these other layers, you can actually see the actual color layer here below. So it's like a mask of color that I'm putting onto the image. In this particular case, I'm just using a color brush and painting it in. I choose a nice tan color, and then I paint it into position, and because the layer is set to Color, it only colorizes the existing pixels and leaves everything as it is, so it's a great way to tint someone's face and get rid of an overall variation in the colors in their face, like a nice, quick, even tan. Now I'm going to turn on this next layer right here, and this next layer deals with teeth and making them brighter and whiter and I also can apply that to the eyes. And not only that--I can use this same overlay layer to enhance the eyebrows and eyelashes. Check it out--I'm going to turn this layer on. So here it is with the layer on and here's with the layer off. It gives it a nice brightness to those teeth and to the eyes, and also enhances the eyebrows. Now how is this working? If I target this layer, of course, check up here-- it's always a Blend mode. In this case, it's Overlay. With Overlay on I can go in with the Dodge and Burn tools and correct things within the image. Notice that the color of this layer is actually gray. If I turn the mode to Normal at this time, you can see that it's a layer filled with gray-- a standard, default gray of 50%. But if I go to the Overlay mode, the gray values disappear and only those values that are lighter than 50% gray or darker than 50% gray will affect the image. Check it out. As I target this layer, and I go over and select--in this case my Burn tool right here-- I can go in and burn the values of gray in this image and make areas darker. Let's say we want to make the eyebrows darker. I'm going to bring my brush size down with the closed bracket, and then I can go over the eyebrows--check this out-- and make them darker, just like this. With a couple quick strokes like that, you've then made your eyebrows darker. So darken elements with the Burn tool or lighten elements like the teeth with the Dodge tool. Selecting the Dodge tool here then dropping my brush size down to the size of the teeth, I can go in and brighten up teeth. Don't go too far in the whitening, or it'll look like a toothpaste commercial and they'll stand out. So I'm going to dim that back a bit. And of course, you can go in and make these adjustments and like all these previous layers, you target the layer and up here in the Opacity, you can adjust the Opacity down for that particular layer. Okay, moving on in this Spa Treatment. Zooming back out, because I want to show you how to get rid of the background. In this particular case, there were objects behind this subject, and the wall had this wood grain pattern to it, which was distracting. Check this out--I'm going to turn on this background layer like this, and I'm also going to hide this layer mask so I blurred an entire copy of the image and then I adjusted the tones with levels adjustments so that I toned it back a little bit darker and got rid of some of the highlights. Then I used a layer mask in this case to bring the subject through from the background. With a layer mask, I can, of course, go in and paint with black and create this mask so that my background is soft and blurry and this quality of it slowly blending around the person's hair really enhances the quality of your final portrait. So that's my background elimination--it's just a simple Gaussian blur with a layer mask. And then, finally, I've adjusted this with a little bit of a non-destructive adjustment layer for levels, just to make it a little bit darker, and Vibrance, another adjustment layer here to just bring up the overall color throughout the image. Going through each one of these, layer by layer, then gives you this great quality. Let's take a look at the before and after again. So here's our before, and here's our after. Now, before I finish, let's just go down here and create one of these layers so you can see this work flow. If I target my base layer, of course, I can create a new blank layer right down here at the base, Create New Layer. It's a blank layer. Don't forget--this first layer is going to be the Lighten layer. We target the layer, we go to the Blend modes, and we select Lighten. All you do now is go in with your Clone Stamp tool, in this case right here, and hold down your option or alt key. Pick up the shade you want to paint with here, for example, this lighter shade right here. Move up, and of course, notice the nice preview that happens here in Adobe CS4, but watch--you think you're going to be painting over all of the pixels here, under this person's eye, but in fact, the layer is set to Lighten, as I said earlier. It's going to focus the adjustments only in those areas which are darker than the current color that you're painting with. So it's moving these shades right into these areas of the darkest patterns. It's a really excellent way to remove these strong lines under a person's eyes or to get rid of age spots over here, for example, here on the cheek, or here on the nose. Pick up a sample nearby and move it. Okay, now for something that's really important that I want you to watch out for-- it's right up here in the Options bar. Do you see this? Under Sample--you must make sure that you're sampling from the base layer in this case. So I have mine set to Current and Below, which means it's going to pull the information from the current layer as well as the layers below, and that's important in this case because I want to paint into this blank layer using the pixels from the background image below. Now you know. So now you've seen the process of creating these individual layers. Don't forget; you have a Lighten layer, a Darken layer, a Color layer for balancing out the color across the person's face, a special layer here set to Overlay and filled with 50% gray, and then I used the Dodge and Burn tools on it. Then, I got rid of my background with this layer, and then finally finished it off with a Levels and Vibrance layer right here. It gave me my best results. Of course, this is just one in a million ways to retouch a person's face, but I find the combination of these different layers working together gives me my best results. Give it a try. [♪music♪] []

Video Details

Duration: 11 minutes and 1 second
Language: English
License: All rights reserved
Genre: None
Views: 51
Posted by: adobetv on Oct 6, 2010

In this episode, Russell Brown shows you how to enhance portraits using Adobe Photoshop CS4 Extended so that you don’t actually have to take them to a day spa.

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