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Several temples stood on the rocky hill of the Acropolis or High City, that overlooked the streets of Athens. And of these temples, this one, called the Pathenon, was completed around the year 432 B.C. The temple was constructed of pure white marble for the goddess Athena, the protector of their city-state. Inside the Parthenon, a famous sculptor had constructed an enormous statue of the goddess from wood, gold and ivory. In Athens, the main festival of the summer, the Panathenea, honored Athena's birthday. in which gifts and sacrificial animals were brought to her temple. As people paraded through the streets they sang hymns and played musical instruments. After reaching the temple, in which Athena's birthday gift from the Athenians, a newly woven gown, was placed on her statue. and some of their meat was burned on a sacred fire.
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