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Edith Kaphuka - Ngwale Village, Malawi - Nyanja (Global Lives Project, 2007) ~08:31:07 - 08:46:08

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James! The first point which will follow... is that shallow rooted vegetables must be followed by deep rooted vegetables. What are some shallow rooted vegetables? Shallow rooted? -Those that have started to dry up. -Dry up? Shallow rooted? You know what roots are, not so? So what do we mean by shallow rooted? Shallow rooted. What is meant by shallow rooted? -We're talking about roots. What are they? -Roots. -So when we talk about roots, we're talking about? -Roots. What type of roots? What does shallow mean? Shallow is... -Zachariah. -Means dry roots. -What, dry? -Are there vegetables with dry roots? If the roots are dry, would you buy the vegetables? -No. Scattered roots. By shallow roots, we mean roots that don't go very deep into the soil. -Some plants have roots that don't go very deep into the soil, not so? -Yes. Some vegetables have such type of roots. -While other vegetables are...? -Deep rooted. And those vegetables which are shallow rooted, their roots don't go as deep into the soil, right? -What do we call such vegetables? -Shallow rooted. -How are their roots? -Don't go very deep into the soil. -They don't go very deep, right? -Yes. We have grown shallow rooted vegetables this year. After harvesting, we have to grow a different type of vegetable. -We should grow vegetables whose roots are? -Deep rooted. -The roots go deep, right? -Yes. -The roots should go very deep, okay? -Yes. We first grow shallow rooted crops. And we harvest those vegetables. Then we have to plant vegetables with what type of roots? -Deep rooted ones, not so? -Yes. Can you give me examples of shallow rooted vegetables? Examples of shallow rooted vegetables. I'm sure we all know vegetables, we've planted them before. Give me examples of shallow rooted vegetables. -Leaf pumpkin. -Huh? -Leaf pumpkin. Leaf pumpkin? Pumpkin leaves. -Have you ever seen pumpkin leaves' roots going very deep into the soil? -No. -They are shallow rooted, right? -Yes. So we have pumpkin leaves. Shallow rooted. Another example of shallow rooted vegetables? -Rape. -Rape. -Mustard. -Mustard, okay. -Cabbage. -Cabbage. So we've mentioned things like pumpkin leaves, mustard, rape, cabbage, right? -Have you seen what we've mentioned? -Yes. In which group can we place them? The ones we just mentioned? Mustard, rape, pumpkin leaves, cabbage... What group can we put these? In which group can we put them? Yes? -Leaf vegetables. -They are leaf vegetables. So when you say shallow rooted vegetables, mainly this implies to leaf vegetables, right? All vegetables that we harvest leaves are leaf vegetables, okay? What are these leaf vegetables called? Shallow rooted. So if we grow shallow rooted vegetables this year, then next year we will grow what type of vegetables? Deep. Yes. Examples of vegetables which are deep rooted? Examples of vegetables which are deep rooted? Vegetables with what type of roots? -How do its roots grow? -Very deep. -Yes. Can we mention them, like what? -Onions. -Onions, yes. -Okra. -Yes? -Okra. -Okra... Do okra roots go deep? -Carrot. -Carrot, yes. -Cassava. -Cassava. Any other? Any other deep rooted crops? -Potatoes. -Potatoes. So we have mentioned examples of deep rooted plants. Some of them you have said: cassava, potatoes, carrots and onions. In which group of vegetables do these belong? To which group of vegetables do these belong? Cassava, potatoes, onions, carrots... To which group of vegetables do they belong? Yes? -Root vegetables. -Root vegetables. Onions? To which group does it belong? -Zachariah. -Bulb vegetables. -Bulb vegetables. So, this simply means that these vegetables should be followed by... Either bulb or root vegetables, right? The way it was explained here... Shallow rooted vegetables must be followed by deep rooted vegetables... Simply means leaf vegetables should be followed by either root or bulb vegetables. If I ask you to rotate these vegetables. Will you do that? Did you say we start with leaf vegetables? You start with shallow rooted, right? After harvesting shallow rooted vegetables, then we plant deep rooted vegetables. Deep rooted will be all root and bulb vegetables, right? Examples of deep rooted are bulb and root vegetables. -Is that right? -Yes. -Will it be difficult to rotate them? -No. -Will it? -No! -If this year we grow pumpkins, shall we repeat pumpkins on the same field? -No! What shall we grow? -Onions. -Onions. By so doing we have rotated, not so? At first we said shallow rooted and then onions. Deep rooted will be a good change, right? -Any problems on rotation? -No! -No problems? -Yes. -Can we continue? Guess you won't have problems in rotating vegetables, will you? Another point which we can also consider is that... Another point we should also consider... is that leaf vegetables which use a lot of nitrogen... should be followed by legumes which fixes nitrogen into the soil. At first you grew leaf vegetables, right? And what do vegetables use? What do they use a lot of? -Nitrogen, what? -Nitrogen. -Nitrogen, ok? -Yes. Vegetables use a lot of nitrogen. So after harvesting leaf vegetables, we should replace them with nitrogen fixing vegetables. -Or to say adding fertility in the soil? -Yes. So, vegetables that fix nitrogen into the soil... are called legumes, right? Examples of legumes? Examples of legume vegetables? -Aha. -Cassava. -Cassava. -Cassava legumes? -No. -Is cassava a legume? -No. -Potatoes. -Potatoes? Madam! Madam! -Beans. -Beans, yes. Any other example? -Yes... -Pigeon peas. -Pigeon peas, yes. Another example? -Yes? -Ground nuts. -Ground nuts, sure. So growing leaf vegetables, like pumpkin leaves, rape or cabbage, takes away a lot of nitrogen from the soil, right? So after harvesting these leaf vegetables, we need to replace them with legumes. Beans, peas, or pigeon peas. These replace nitrogen into the soil. Rape or pumpkins uses nitrogen and do the job, right? If we rotate with legumes this year, then next year when we plant leaf vegetables again, these will find nitrogen again, right? So we have looked at the meaning of rotation of vegetables. What is the meaning of rotation for vegetables? Meaning for rotation of vegetables? Blessings? Growing vegetables, growing... in the specified... -Specific. -Specific order. Rotation of vegetables simply means growing vegetables on a plot in a specific order. In a specific order. So we have looked at two points that we must consider when rotating vegetables. First, shallow rooted vegetables must be followed by deep rooted vegetables. Another point which we should also consider is that... leafy vegetables which use a lot of nitrogen... must be followed by legume vegetables, which fixes nitrogen into the soil. -Any questions? -No. No questions? Go for break. -What's up? -I wish it was the last break. -But hey! -This is interesting! -We watch it from there. -There's a certain glass there. It's very funny when they talk. -We're the objects. -I'm telling you. They actually told me. -What did they tell you? They gave me this microphone. -They told me that I shouldn't show it to people. -What? -I should hide it. -I should put it into my pocket and stick it here. -Then don't show it to me. Yes, they've stuck it here. What's this? -Is it true that they filmed you yesterday? -Yes, as I was sleeping... until this morning. Wherever I went they kept following me. -Even in the bathroom and toilet? -No, not to the toilet. The lady captured me when I was taking a bath. So she was capturing you as you were taking a bath? She later went out. Wow! That's gross.

Video Details

Duration: 15 minutes and 2 seconds
Country: Malawi
Director: Jason Price
Views: 243
Posted by: glm_administrator on Jun 24, 2008

Edith sits quietly in the back row of an agriculture class that deals with the logic of crop rotation. She nods off now and again. When the school bell rings signaling recess, the students bounce out of the classroom and wander around the courtyard. Edith shows her classmates her microphone, and the girls chat about the strange nature of the video project.

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