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Climate change affects food security of farmer women.

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Working together: for gender equality in rural areas. Climate change is a phenomenon that is seriously affecting rural areas. Abrupt changes in climate and temperatures have made agricultural and livestock farming more difficult. As a consequence, many farmers are loosing their principal source of income and food: their crops and livestock. Every 6 seconds, 1 child dies in the world due to the lack of adequate food. In Peru, 1 in 3 children under 5 doesn't eat, the necessary food to be healthy. In Huancavelica, 5 in 10 people don't eat healthily, meaning that the population suffers from chronic mal-nutrition. Huancavelica has a wide variety of typical dishes. all of which can be enjoyed at markets, restaurants and regional celebrations. Although the region has delicious typical dishes, it also faces serious food security and mal-nutrition problems. In other words, it is not only difficult to obtain food to eat, but it is also not always possible to get healthy food for the family. Climate change contributes to a lower agricultural yield, detrimentally affecting the diet of the farmers of Huancavelica. Gustavo González: Technical Secretary at AMUZCEH (Municipal Association of the Huancavelica Central Region) This, in turn, results in malnutrition of their children ... and in the possibility of long-term effects which we are all familiar with. Alipio Taipe: Executive Director of INDESCO (Institute for Integrated Community Development) It is the same situation in livestock farming, principally in the Andean highlands: there is a lot of frost, there aren´t any grazing grounds, and the natural pastures that do exist in the grasslands are in the process of disappearing. Elva Cóndor: Local committee member of the Palca District – Huancavelica Of course, there have been periods of drought, when we did not have any water left. When there is a drought, frost is sometimes a problem, because it means we cannot sow the seeds. For many years in Huancavelica, farmers have had difficulties in ensuring they obtain healthy food for their families. Climate change has now made this task even more difficult. This situation affects all the members of farmer families, causing them to be less prepared when faced frosts and illness. Depending on the type of work they carry out on their farms, every member of the family is affected to some degree. Aureli Arias: Local committee member of the Conaica District – Huancavelica At home, we all know that women do a lot of work, much more the men, because they usually only have one type of work. They go to the fields, they work the land, they bring firewood sometimes, and that’s it really. Gustavo González: Technical Secretary at AMUZCEH It is very rare to see a man helping out in the kitchen, or with the washing, for example. The women have to do everything: sweep, cook, washing the clothes, graze the animals, everything. In different ways, both parents and children help in preparing the land of the small farms, sowing the seeds and the harvesting of the food that will later be used in cooking. However, there is one family member who is responsible for feeding the family: the woman. Alberto Delgado: Coordinator for CEPES (Peruvian Centre for Social Studies) Huancavelica The woman is the one who looks after them, and she is also responsible for grazing and tending the animals. Clara Alanya: Community member of the Nuevo Occoro District – Huancavelica In my house, I help with the cooking, cleaning, tidying up, clothes washing, all of it really. The sharp changes in climate damage and hinder agricultural cycles, causing problems in the healthy development of livestock and smaller animals such as cows, alpacas and guinea pigs. As a result, women have fewer chances to obtain food for their homes, and have to be resourceful in resolving this problem. To face the low yield of crops and livestock, rural women need more information, on new methods of managing natural resources. Without this option, they have fewer tools with which to face the shortage of food. Alberto Delgado: Coordinator for CEPES (Peruvian Centre for Social Studies) Huancavelica There is a low crop yield, the animals suffer from the problem of frost, there are no grazing grounds- all these problems affect the families. Alfredo Villanueva: Regional Manager for the Social Development of Huancavelica (Regional government body) The biggest problem that we see in homes is that many mothers are not experienced in how to prepare their food. So, even though they may have some foods to cook with, they don´t know how to prepare them, and they don´t know how to ensure a balanced diet. Ivonne Pacheco: Lawyer for CEPES (Peruvian Centre for Social Studies) Women have always had the responsibility of feeding their children, so issues such as food security, are topics which the women are already aware of, perhaps more so than men, who do not witness the consequences so closely, as they work far away in the fields, and aren't in charge of the children or of the task of providing food. Rural women should not be the only ones in charge of feeding their families. Both, men and women should work together to ensure food security in the region. The population of Huancavelica is already implementing various food security projects, which train both rural men and women ... in the management of natural resources, sowing vegetable gardens and rearing smaller animals. These initiatives are important because the woman also participates in their implementation. Both rural men and women should be part of these types of projects, to ensure the food security of their families. Director: Naira Rivas Producer: Cindy Krose Filming and Editing: Fernando Salazar With thanks to: CEPES Huancavelica, the Regional Government of Huancavelica, INDESCO, AMUZCEH. This video is sponsored by the Intermon Oxfam foundation, the Centre for Agricultural Development (CEDAP), and the Peruvian Centre for Social Studies (CEPES) as part of the project run by the community board of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain. Project: defending and exercising the rights of the women and men of farmer communities, in support of food sovereignty and climate change, in eight districts of the provinces of Huancavelica and Ayacucho. [email protected] Chapter #4 2010 Working together: for gender equality in rural areas. Translation by Anna Luisa Salmon and Gabriela Espasandín.

Video Details

Duration: 7 minutes and 23 seconds
Country: Peru
Language: Spanish (Spain)
License: All rights reserved
Producer: Cindy Krose
Director: Naira Rivas
Views: 151
Posted by: lagaviota on Apr 12, 2011

Documentary on how the climate change is affecting the food security of the farmer woman in Peru.

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