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More than 90% of international trade is carried across the world's oceans by ships. Global transportation of raw materials, food and other products would not be possible without shipping. Ships also are responsible for significant amounts of carbon dioxide emissions. The International Maritime Organization calculates ocean going vessels released 1.2 billion metric tons of CO2 in one year alone. With this in mind, the IMO ask their Marine Environment Protection Committee to identify and develop ways of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The response was the addition of a new chapter in Marpol Annex IV, focusing on regulations regarding energy efficiency on ships. The development of a Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan or SEEMP is the direct result of this recently added amendment. In this program, you will learn-- what is SEEMP, The IMO requirements for new and existing ships, and how to establish and implement a ship energy efficiency management plan. SEEMP stands for Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan. Simply put, it provides ship owners and operators with a plan for monitoring ship efficiency and performance. It requires an analysis of the vessel's energy consumption and what impacts that energy consumption on board. And what you're trying to do is identify ways in which you can reduce energy consumption of the vessel. It also provides ways of improving this performance. A management plan is a familiar tool in the maritime industry. Mandatory management plans like the SEEMP are used to regulate a range of ship operations where traditional controls are not effective. With the implementation of SEEMP, owners and operators will be able to comply with new mandatory requirements, follow industry best practices, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, reduce the impact of global shipping on climate change, and increase efficiency. SEEMP is the first crucial step toward the comprehensive energy management of any fleet. July, 2011 is an important date for the Maritime industry, marking the adoption of the first ever global and legally binding climate deal for an industry sector. At this time, MARPOL introduced two mandatory ways to ensure that all ships comply with energy efficiency standards. The first is the Energy Efficiency Design Index or EEDI. With this, ship designers and builders are free to choose which technologies they like, as long as they satisfy the minimum energy efficiency requirements for new ships. The second is the Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan or SEEMP. With this, operators can improve the energy efficiency of an existing ship. All ships, both old and new, are required to maintain an energy management plan. The SEEMP should incorporate best practices, such as better speed management, or the introduction of energy efficiency technology. SEEMP is mandatory for all ships over 400 gross tons on international voyages. It falls under the regulations of MARPOL Annex IV, Chapter 04, and requires an International Energy Efficiency Certificate, or IEEC, to prove compliance. All ships must have a SEEMP on board before the issuance of the first International Energy Efficiency Certificate. Also, both the SEEMP and the IEEC must be on board at all times. SEEMP is a management tool designed to assist with the management of the environmental performance of a vessel. A ship energy efficiency management plan can be established and implemented by following five stages. Stage one, planning, Stage two, implementation. Stage three, monitoring. Stage four, evaluation. Stage five, improvement. These five components play a critical role in the continuous cycle for improving ship energy management. Planning is the most important stage of having a ship energy efficiency management plan. During this stage, you will need to determine two important things-- first, how much energy is being used on board? And second, how can that usage be reduced? Current energy usage can be measured through the use of an Energy Efficiency Operational Indicator or EEOI. The EEOI was developed by the IMO as an internationally accepted tool to measure the energy efficiency of a ship. With it, you can measure the fuel efficiency or gauge the effect of any changes. During the planning stage, ship-specific measures for improving energy efficiency must be identified. In the industry, these are sometimes called best practices. These measures or best practices will vary greatly from ship to ship. Remember SEEMPs must be ship-specific. Here are some examples in which energy efficiency can be improved. Speed is the most effective way of reducing fuel consumption, fuel costs, and greenhouse gas emissions from ships. Weather routing can be used to avoid rough weather. Headwinds and rough seas can increase fuel demand. The optimum route and improved efficiency can be achieved through the careful planning and execution of voyages. The principal is simple-- better course control through less frequent and smaller corrections will minimize losses due to rudder resistance. An auto pilot can achieve significant fuel savings by simply reducing the distance your ship sails off track. Loaded or unloaded, vessel trim has a significant influence on the resistance of a ship through the water. For any given draft, there is a trim condition that results in minimal resistance. Ballast conditions have a significant impact on steering conditions and auto pilot settings. Improvements such as fins and nozzles can increase propeller efficiency power and reduce fuel consumption. Generally, the smoother the hull, the higher the fuel efficiency. The last part of the planning stage is goal setting. The purpose of a goal is to create a focus for change and the ability to measure progress. These best practices should be identified and compiled so they can be applied during the implementation stage. Because planning is a critical stage, sufficient time must be dedicated to it so the most appropriate and effective plan can be developed. By this stage, you will have identified the ways in which you plan on improving energy efficiency on board your ship. A system must now be established to implement them. This is done by developing procedures, defining tasks, and assigning these tasks to qualified personnel. It is important the SEEMP describe how each measure or best practice is going to be implemented, who the responsible person is, and the implementation period or start and end dates. Record keeping of each measure during the implementation stage is beneficial to the evaluation stage and should be encouraged. If any identified measure cannot be implemented for any reason, this should also be recorded. The energy efficiency of a ship should be monitored quantitatively, meaning the results are obtained using methods that can be repeated the same way over and over. The results should be the same regardless of who measures them. The Energy Efficiency Operational Indicator or EEOI is an accepted standard and should be considered as the primary monitoring tool. Continuous and consistent data collection is the foundation of monitoring. For meaningful and consistent monitoring to exist, procedures for gathering and interpreting data should be developed. To avoid unnecessary administrative burdens on the ship staff, monitoring should be carried out as much as possible by shore-side personnel. Data obtained from existing records such as log and record books should be used. The purpose of the evaluation stage is to produce meaningful feedback. This is where improvements to a ship's overall energy efficiency occur. During this stage, the overall characteristics of the ship's operation will be understood. The effectiveness of the planned measures and their implementation will be evaluated. In other words, you will see what worked and what didn't. The key aspect that most companies look at is overall fuel consumption over time. And that's really one method that you can take a look at to see if, in fact, the measures that you've implemented on board have made a positive impact to fuel consumption. A plan on how to improve the existing SEEMP for the next cycle through planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation, and improvement will be established. Improvement is a continuous cycle. The results from the evaluation stage are fed back to the planning process and filtered down through the stages of the next cycle. During each cycle, the elements that did not work or function efficiently are addressed and improved, over time. In this program we learned what is a Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan and its components. the IMO requirements for new and existing ships, and how to establish, implement and measure the success of a Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan. SEEMP isn't just another paper requirement. It's a tool designed to reduce impact on the environment, in addition to lowering fuel costs and to increase overall energy efficiency on board.

Video Details

Duration: 11 minutes and 44 seconds
Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
Genre: None
Views: 5
Posted by: maritimetraining on Jan 26, 2018


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