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9500 Liberty - Bilingual

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I would tell all of you folks to go back and listen to C-Span to hear what representative Steve King has been talking about. You guys ought to get your stuff together before you start talking about what you do not know. And learn how to speak English. >> Byler: I speak English just fine. You do, but these people don't. I talk English. And what? We know how to speak English fine. I'm sorry, y'all. Yeah. Why am I upset? Yeah, I just want to understand. Okay, I went to Lowe's today, and the cashier was speaking Spanish. Mm-hmm. I particularly don't enjoy speaking Spanish in my country when our constitution, our laws are being ignored by a whole group of people. >> Byler: How many people here are documented? Oh, yeah? You too? Because there are 12 million illegals in this country -- >> Man: You was illegal, too, before. >> Man #2: You came from England. My ancestors came here before there was a constitution. Your dad was an illegal. The Indians were here before you people came. There was no government. The Indians were here before the Americans. If you go to school and study and don't get into one of those gangs and you go to college, then I applaud you. What else am I gonna do? They're here legally, okay? And they are American citizens. That's great. They speak English. That's great. Parents work very hard. That's great. Okay, can you give them a chance? I hope you got the little girl. >> Byler: Yeah, yeah, I got that. She was fantastic. Yeah. Oh, my God, that guy was so classic, but, you know, there was another guy who was taking pictures of us. I'm not sure what his deal was, but we photographed each other. >> Park: When this video went viral on YouTube, we found ourselves entangled in a bitter fight that was dividing a county. What's your name? I'm Annabel. >> Man: Annabel who? Park. Annabel Park? This footage was shot by my boyfriend, Eric Byler. His camera had captured at the street level the escalating tension in his suburban community. We just couldn't believe that Prince William county, Virginia, one of the richest and most diverse counties in the nation, had become the flashpoint in America's immigration debate. >> Reynolds: The community, when I first came here in 1972, I think it was, was more of a sleepy little community. There was probably a much larger contrast between Fairfax county and Prince William because we were further away from Washington, D.C., and maybe not as developed. So it had more of a sense, maybe, of I wouldn't say a farming community, but more country. You got this combustible mix of older residents who are seeing their county change extremely fast and were uncomfortable with the sound of Spanish in the supermarket. You had a great demand for construction jobs. There's a boom going on. You can go there. You can find work. You can buy into the real-estate market and get rich, and this county has been the most conservative-leaning in northern Virginia. There was a really large and rapid influx of Latin American immigrants who just collided with the kind of small-town, quiet, suburban values that people in this area really cherish. >> Assembly: ...United States of America. And to the Republic for which it stands. One nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. Blue will be opposition forces. Red will be friendly forces. The opposition is trying to attack with a demonstration. Demonstrations are a tool of the fringe left and of the third world. People say, "why don't you demonstrate??" We don't demonstrate. We write letters to the editor. That's what we do. And we get legislation passed, 'cause that's where the real power is. We own this ground. We're gonna take it back. This house right here... That house is diagonal to my mom's backyard. ICE has been there two times, and they told them the third time, if they came back, they would seize the house, but they've taken like 35 people out of there and deported 'em. This is Sudley Elementary School, where most kids walk to. Like, my daughter walked to this school, and then on the side of the building, it had got tagged with SUR-13. This utility box got tagged, and then they had some other sign up for some kind of Christmas vacation bible school or something they had going on, and they tagged the back of it. Murders suspects -- non-Hispanic murder suspects -- there were 18 since 2004 up until 2007. Hispanic murder suspects, there's been 10. We had four or five different houses where there was nothing but single men in different cars all of the time. Now, true -- I don't know if they're legal, illegal. Nobody does. They had a Che Guevara poster in there, you know, sticking out the window. >> Letiecq: The overcrowding with multiple families in a single-family residence puts enormous pressure on the school system. It requires that we take resources that might otherwise be devoted to American students and devote them to providing Spanish-language instruction. You know, it's probably something we need to do to help educate children, but to do so at such great expense and inconvenience that harms our children is very difficult for us. Illegal immigration harms us. The biggest victims may be the illegal aliens themselves, and not only do we want to send them back, but we want to send them back with love. Greg is an excellent writer, an excellent speaker. I think he's educated a lot of people, too. Thank God we live in a country where our voice does matter and we can go down there and speak our mind and confront our local board of supervisors. Oh, not a day goes by that I don't get called a racist. If that is the only argument that they can bring, it is a demonstration that we're being effective. >> Miroff: The appeal of Greg's blog is that he was both breaking news and offering provocative commentary. I think the site quickly became a must-read for folks in the county -- and to a large extent in northern Virginia -- who are interested in local politics and, increasingly, the illegal immigration issue, as that became the main theme of the blog. Greg was able to leverage the success of that blog to form and to grow the organization "Help Save Manassas." It was very interesting to see the emergence of somebody who seemingly had very little political experience, but who quickly learned how to network, to take advantage of technology like the Internet and like blogs, to build a very effective and influential movement here. The blog has, in my opinion, some hateful remarks that are exchanged -- disparaging remarks. It was the tone, and it was the implication that everyone who was Hispanic was illegal. People are, honestly, especially religious people, are afraid to say anything, because the next day on somebody's blog, they're gonna be vilified. >> Park: Along with its provocative language and personal attacks, BVBL featured lurid descriptions of crimes committed by people with Hispanic names. Greg posted dozens of blog threads and employed slideshows at his meetings to imply that Prince William county was being invaded by the Zapatistas, an armed, revolutionary Marxist group in southern Mexico. It's a radical organization of socialists, and it's actually started in Mexico, and it's moved here. Greg -- he can explain it really good if you need more information. I-I ? >> Letiecq: We are currently larger than the combined Republican and Democratic political committees of all jurisdictions within our area, and in the past 10 days, have collected 170 new member applications. No more selective enforcement of our laws in order to make it easier for vast numbers of illegal aliens to remain in our midst, only to demand that we accommodate their deficient grasp of the English language... I haven't seen anything like it, frankly, and his success is a fascinating indication of the way the Internet and that blogging can empower, you know, a single individual to really move political debate and push for change. >> Letiecq: Chairman Corey Stewart joined with Supervisor John Stirrup to push through a legislative agenda from Help Save Manassas to help make sure that illegal aliens were going to be properly dealt with by the police department. >> Stewart: We know that this is a federal issue, but I think the citizens have a right to expect that their local government and their state government are going to do whatever they can to address the problem. It is the first step to taking back our communities and our neighborhoods. >> Park: The Prince William county immigration resolution requires police officers to check the immigration status of anyone they have probable cause to suspect is an undocumented immigrant. If you a person of color in Prince William county, you have something to worry about. >> Park: The term "probable cause" was very controversial. How do we know when someone is probably undocumented? Is it the way they speak? Is it the way they look? Is it where they're from? How do we make this judgment, and how do we train police officers to make this judgment without racial profiling, which would be in violation of our constitution? By now, most of you have read the lead edition in the Washington Post -- I think it was Sunday "Hounding Immigrants in Prince William county, the Poisonous Fruit of Congressional Failure." Such an article shines a very bright light on Prince William county, one that the state and the nation will be watching and judging for many years to come. You have before you a resolution penned by supervisor John Stirrup. >> Woman: Please vote to implement John Stirrup's resolution. Please continue to move forward and lead the nation, and thank you. >> Caddigan: I know there were a few people from my district in here who were opposed to this. I want to tell you that today we filed 300 e-mails of support for the resolution. Please vote. Vote unanimous. Thank you very much. "All of you must be willing to obey completely those who rule over you. There are no authorities except ones God has chosen." God instituted this government. This is part of his plan. Those leaders aren't just there for a whim. They're there because God has a purpose here. So when you are going against them, when you're trying to go against the laws and policies that are part of God's plan, you are actually fighting against God. Well, gee, slavery used to be part of the law. Was that God's plan? Oh, I'm pretty sure it was, because without the struggle to get through that period in our history, to understand that that was wrong and to work against it to change that in a democratic process, we learned so much. We grow so much. We grow closer to God. We grow closer to the perfection. We had a civil war... We had, yeah, we absolutely had a Civil War. The side that supported slavery lost, and as a result, we became a much greater nation. >> Park: My point is that it wasn't part of the democratic process, you know, the civil war, I mean. Right -- which was initiated by those who were defending slavery. As much as I admire their courage and what they've done, they were wrong. Chairman Corey Stewart. People that are here illegally are illegal, and then when they come here into our community and they commit a crime on top of that crime, how can you possibly have any sympathy for that individual? That is why the government has failed and why Prince William county and other localities have to pick up the slack for what the federal government has failed to do. We need all of your support. We got a tough election. This election that is on the local level is going to have national significance. I need your help. Please sign up. John Stirrup needs your help. Give him a round of applause. He's the one who first got this started. >> Settle: By September, BVBL and HSM had gotten the resolution passed in Prince William county. They had dominated the agenda and the rhetoric on immigration around here, and nobody really stood up. And then this guy came along and put the sign up, and, to me, he was kind of like a modern-day Rosa Parks. Like the message say over here, "When our soldiers are dying in Iraq, the government of the United States are dividing our families." >> Miroff: Much of this debate is played out online and in the comment sections of newspaper articles. I kind of see this sign as Gaudencio's blog. It's his way to publish his thoughts about what's going on, and it's been attacked. It's been the subject of a failed Molotov cocktail attack, which was, you know, scary to some people. I think its controversy stems, not just from its location or its size, but also from the loaded imagery and language that it uses. It's very angry in tone, and whereas its supporters see it as a kind of truth-to-power statement, those who are upset by it think it's offensive and insulting. We've been seeing many complaints. We've been seeing insult from people that drive by, that go walking by, and people also wrote their messages, and I've been saving all those messages. What kind of messages? "The Declaration of Independence is signed by John Hancock, not Jose Hernandez." "You don't speak any English, and when I go to B.K. and order a double cheeseburger with no vegetables." I have to explain what a vegetable is, because you people think Spanish is the number uno language. Speak English! Much love." The expenditures are related to -- that we're projecting at this point is related to 21 additional staff. I would propose that we phase those in over like three years -- seven a year, something like that. >> Park: Back in July, Chairman Stewart had forced the board to vote on the resolution before there was time to research the potential impact or the cost. Chief Deane had made it clear that he could not implement such a radical shift in police policy unless he had funding to hire new officers and to retrain the officers already on the force. Now the county board of supervisors would have to reconsider the wisdom of their previous vote with a price tag attached. I just quickly calculated here that that's gonna be about 15 cents on the tax rate that we have to go up to handle this cost. We have schools that we have to take into consideration, and I think we need to know if it is gonna be 15 cents so that the public is aware of a tax increase. This crackdown on illegal immigration, this initiative, is not going to cause those problems. You can come up and Mr. Jenkins can come up with all the excuses you want not to support this crackdown, but I'm gonna be supporting it. >> Caddigan: We are not saying that, Mr. Chairman, and, whoa, don't speak for me. >> Stirrup: Point of order, Mr. Chairman. Point of order, Mr. Chairman. Point of order. You do not have the floor, sir. My point of order was that you were not recognized to speak. Part of me feels like we've been pulled away from our central mission on this. We've been pulled into the federal debate more than I'm really comfortable with. >> Nohe: Our chief of police made it very clear his goal is to make sure that we don't create a culture of fear or a culture of division in this county. It would be very prudent for this board to defer any action until we have gotten those real numbers. What I don't want to do is delay this too significantly. If we don't do it before the election, I think it's -- you just tend to lose momentum. >> Park: With eight members on the board, Chairman Stewart needed at least five of them to vote yes on funding the resolution. I'm not confident I've got enough votes on the board to support funding of John's resolution. I do know that we've got four solid, and that's Covington, Mike May, John Stirrup, and myself. We got word about three hours before the meeting that there were some folks that were not gonna vote for it, so we sent out an e-mail blast, and they didn't like it. There's a popular website in Prince William county that, earlier today, made some statements about what I do or don't believe. The publisher of that website didn't contact me. I have to say, Mr. Letiecq, I, too, was disappointed when I got a phone call saying that your blog had mentioned that five of us were not going to support this today. Please do not go back on what you've been planning to do. >> Man: If you guys go backwards on this, you're gonna open up the floodgates for every illegal alien. You must support this resolution. You must vote for it, and if you do not, the consequences electorally will be dire, and I can guarantee that. Thank you very much. >> Stewart: Thank you very much, Mr. Letiecq. We've been coordinating an action plan to ensure that the board of supervisors gets inundated with citizen input on this, and if they thought that what we did before the last time they voted on this was big, wait till they see what happens now. We've got some national organizations that are gonna be helping us out, and we're gonna have access to e-mail systems and fax systems and stuff from some national organizations that want this. Which national organizations? You're gonna see some stuff through Numbers USA, for example. And I'm gonna have Bay Buchanan out here the night before the next vote, who is Tom Tancredo's campaign manager. Lester Ruano. Freddie Contreras. Jeanette Garcia. Jorge Montes. Demi Cruz. Roxanna Huerzo. Francisco Ramirez. Yolanda Bautista Arriega. I've been, for 12 years, a construction worker, a taxpayer, and also a member of this community. So now I'm here delivering more than 7,000 of petitions for residents of the county who's asking to rescind the resolution. >> Miroff: The activist group Mexicans Without Borders is led in part by Ricardo Juarez, a construction worker who comes very much out of a political protest tradition, turning out large numbers of people to protest, to caravan. >> Letiecq: There goes their caravan. Come on, guys. That's the best you can do? This is pathetic. Si, se puede. Lucha, lucha, lucha. The community was here about 8:15 P.M., 'cause for the last two Saturdays, the community come, we have things for children to play and draw, and we left, and then it was not until Sunday, about 10:30, that we noticed. This is a symbol of the division that this resolution has caused in this county. It is dividing this county racially, and it is tearing people apart. We're going to see police being forced to conduct themselves as immigration officers rather than public safety officers. Taxpayers deserve to know that their taxes are going to go up and that they are going to have to carry the burden of this resolution. >> Reporter: Outside, the Prince William County government center, a rally cry. Inside, a battle line. The crowds, historic. Supervisors scheduled to vote on a $14 million plan to fund a police department immigration crackdown, county chairman Corey Stewart's campaign platform. >> Together: ...One nation under God, indivisible... I would just like to say, and I mean this very sincerely, don't ever forget 9/11 and who was responsible for 9/11 -- illegals. God bless America. That wasn't the Spanish people who did this to American people. It was people from other countries. I will never hurt America. God bless America. Thank you. Let me say this about what seems to be a confusion in some people's minds. Don't confuse the 9/11 with the 7-Eleven. The people at the 7-Eleven had nothing to do with the attack on the twin towers on 9/11. The guys at the 7-Eleven just want to work. Mr. Stewart, look at me -- brown skin, long black hair. How are you gonna determine my legal status? I feel like I have to carry around my U.S. Passport. And, I mean, it's like, do I have to carry this around everywhere that I go because of the way that I look? I mean, I don't think that I should. My 76-year-old mother is afraid to take out her trash at night because of the community that she lives in. To the left of her, there is a two-bedroom townhouse with at least 7 to 10 Hispanics. Illegal aliens, which are criminals. You're a criminal. Don't keep saying, "I'm not a criminal." You're a criminal. Vote yes on the resolution. Thank you. Get a warm applause out here. I sat for hours and hours at Potomac Hospital waiting to be served, and there were multiple families in front of me with all of their children with them. We are tired of seeing people drive down our streets fast, drunk. It's about an invasion of this country. This country is being invaded no less than if hordes of armed people came across its borders. This invasion is not armed, but they've got weapons. The weapons they use are their anchor babies. Mark these words... We are going to repel this invasion. One way or another, it will be repelled. You can either be part of that repulsion -- "Naturally, the common people don't want war. But after all, it is the leaders of a country who determine the policy, and it's always a simple matter to drag people along, whether it's democracy or a fascist dictatorship or a parliament or a communist dictatorship. "Voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. "This is easy. "All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked." Think of what you just heard by the speaker before me, and "denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and for exposing the country to danger. "It works the same in every country." If you don't recognize that, that was Hermann Goering just before he committed suicide at Nuremburg. Fear politics work very well. That's what this is about. I'm a residential alien of the United States, the land of the free and the home of the brave, and we are brave, and we're gonna stand, and we're gonna fight this to the end, and if y'all haven't took a look outside, please do. We are out here, and we ain't going nowhere. Thank you. There might be 2,000 or 3,000 of you outside, but there's a million more just like me. Bring it. Thank you. >> Stewart: Thank you. Next speaker, please. It was sons of the illegal immigrant that went to Iraq. I fought for this country there. Across here, which one of you guys fought for this country? And now you're sitting down there trying to pass a bill that will -- you know what? Si, se puede! My paper just expired. I can show you here. Ain't nothing I can do. I got three children. I clean sewer pipe. You know what nasty job is that, right? If I can't drive tomorrow, I'm gonna lose my house. I paid this house for four years. I paid almost $40,000 for it. This is my baby's money right there. This is my heart here. I can't handle it. You guys have a family. I -- this is my heart here. If they deport me, how? I can't go all the way to El Salvador. How can I come back? I'm being -- >> Park: People were looking around at each other for support and wondering "Are you my enemy or are you my friend?" For the immigrants, it really felt like suddenly people were screaming at them to leave. Many of the immigrants were asking their children to speak for them. This was like the hardest part of the whole day for me is, like, watching kids breaking down in tears because they were under so much pressure. I mean, can you imagine? I mean, it's scary to go up for anyone, but you're 10 years old, and your parents are depending on you. >> Boy: My parents are immigrants. I am a citizen. I think all the time about if they will deport my family, but now I just say, "No, don't approve the law." My dad is a roofer. We pay taxes. I don't care about anything except my education and family. Just think before you act. Thanks. That's it. Thank you. >>Garland: I stand here today because I am the descendant of my great-great-great-grandparents, who happened to be slaves in the United States of America. I stand before you today not as a black man. I stand before you today not as an educator. I stand before you today not as a professional. I stand before you today as what I was when I came into this world, and that's a human being. Because it doesn't make a difference if you come from Nicaragua, Mexico, El Salvador, the Dominican Republic, Peru, anything else. All of these people here tonight are human beings. And it really doesn't make a difference what decision you make here tonight, because the truth of the matter is that the seeds of change have already been planted. If anyone out here tonight is affected by the ruling that you guys are trying to implement tonight, it does not matter, because their children are still here. And one day, Mr. Stewart, the very people that you are trying to oppress today, their children may rise up tomorrow and stand in judgment of you. In the United States of America, we have a representative democracy. Biut I cannot help but feel that there are many of you tonight before this board who do not represent this democracy. What a great land it is when you can be laying in bed at 11:00 at night and have an issue come on television that you feel passionately about and get up and take a shower and come on down and sign up and get a chance to be on tv. Um... I came here tonight to thank the thousands of immigrants who found their way to Northern Virginia to help us accomplish the growth and prosperity which we have enjoyed in the last 15 years. I think I would like to take a point of personal privilege to speak to some of my friends out there in the audience that may not understand some of the things that have been going on. Somos un comunidad muy cosmopolita, y somos oriosos de los controbusiones de la gente de varios paises que tenemos aqui in nuestra comunidad. Y vamos a trabajar juntos para educar a toda de la comunidad que no tienen nada que temer por esto resolucion. Y gracias por la participacion de la comunidad en la renuion esta noche. Gracias. Thank you for nothing! Now I need the public service of your adoption services! Thank you very much! I'm sorry, ma'am... Now I need to leave my child behind when you take me back. Thank you for taking care of my children when they are motherless, fatherless! Thank you for doing that! You are gonna burn in hell for this! >> Jenkins: Mr. Chairman? Mr. Jenkins. I'm just not happy with the way that this process has been handled. I'm gonna have to support this resolution whether I like to or not just so I can vote in the majority. So that if some opportunity comes down the road that we reconsider it that I can make that motion. So I'll support it, but it's with the understanding, you know, that I'm forced into that situation. You're forced into it? >> Barg: We're not going to be stopping someone just because their skin color is different. That is not going to happen. >> Man: Yes, it is! I trust the chief that we will respect all people, and you work with us, and we will get through this together. >> Stewart: Thank you, any further comments? Please vote. >> Man: Vote unanimous. >> Letiecq: It feels good to go 3-0, another 8-0 decision. So a long day, 13 hours or so of meetings, but the citizens won on this one. I'm happy. >> Byler: Were you surprised? No. I pretty much heard that this was gonna happen about six, seven hours ago. >> Barg: Do I regret my vote? Probably not, because it wouldn't have made any difference. I wish I would not have had to vote that night. There was a lot of people who were afraid to speak out. A lot of people, to this day, are afraid of retaliation because they'll speak out on an issue. I figured, "At my age, I have nothing to lose." It was probably harder for me than any board member, but there were a lot of people who really had compassionate hearts and cared. And I know there were other supervisors that were hurting. My heart was going one way, and I was listening to all of these other things on another side. And I just didn't want to deal with it anymore. I think Marty was gonna -- yes, Marty was gonna try to do something. And I think that it would have been Marty and me and John and... maybe it was Mike May. I just can't say, 'cause I don't want to do anything to harm Marty, who, to be honest with you, he's our best shot for bringing something back. >> Boykin: When we can call on God, who is a God of forgiveness. Who is a God of reconciliation, and I do believe that God will hear us and God will heal our name. Healing is a process. Part of that process is extremely painful. And I think that's one of the challenges we have to deal with in talking about healing. There's no healing in this community. There will be none until you take the knife out of the back that has been put into the immigrant community -- to take it out of their back and get off of their throats! There will be no healing anywhere in this community! People are being spit upon. You talked about that. We are getting eggs thrown at us. We are treated like dirt because this resolution has given people in this county permission to treat people of color like dirt! It has driven a rich division in this county like this county has never seen. And until we address this resolution as being an immoral law, there will never be healing in this county. Amen, sister. The problem is that's not gonna happen. And we need to come up with a strategy of what to do because -- No, that's what they said... >> Byler: How old are you and what's your name? I'm 12 years old, and my name is Daniel Fernandez. Done. Is there anybody at school who is against the sign and doesn't like you because of the sign? No. Nobody talks that way about it. They feel the same way, like me. They feel supportive with me. They just want everything to stop so everybody can get along. You're legal. Your family is not in jeopardy of being separated. No. So why do you feel like it's important that you speak up? Yeah, I have to speak up for everybody, because most families are in danger of being separated. And I don't want that to happen, and I don't think it's right. >> Park: With input from his children, Mr. Fernandez crafted another message for liberty wall. At the height of racial tension in the county, the words of Dr. Martin Luther King would soon reminds us "Darkness cannot drive out darkness. "Only light can do that. "Hate cannot drive out hate. Only love can do that." Whoo! >> Man: We're twins. You know, it's kind of like manna from heaven when people come into your life, come into the campaign, and infuse this new energy, and hopefully it will pay off tonight. Results here -- 55%-44%. >> Stewart: I think the difference tonight is that Prince William county addressed the biggest issue that it's facing, and that's illegal immigration, and that is why we are bucking a trend >> Reporter: Immigration remains a hot-button issue across our area. >> Reporter #2: In Prince William county, some filmmakers are taking the county's heated debate onto the web, and their audience keeps growing. Filmmakers behind the interactive documentary say its popularity reflects the complexity and deep-seated concerns about immigration. It has sparked outrage. Now stirring debates with this documentary on YouTube. The online movie made the weekly top-20 list on the popular video-sharing site. One clip generated 40,000 views in just a couple of days. The film "9500 Liberty" claims its name from the location of this wall. The filmmakers would normally take months to put together a feature-length documentary, but decided to start posting on YouTube immediately. Three weeks ago, we realized that we really should be sharing this information with people sooner. >> Reporter: They've uncovered a very impassioned audience and an atmosphere of fear and violence. One comment in particular that we received said something like, you know, "Annabel Park will be dancing from a tree." This is a way for people to learn about the issues without going to a place where there's bound to be conflict. And I think that's the thing that's really missing here is hearing many voices. >> Reporter: The filmmakers say the online format provides a venue for thousands of unheard voices. >> Miroff: I saw some of their first few videos, and I was really impressed, and I loved the idea of a interactive documentary, putting up non-narrated web clips. The site was an important visual for people who, you know, had been reading about what was going on, but for the first time, could really kind of see it unfolding. And they were able to capture not only, you know, some of the key players, but also the site was almost an encyclopedia of what was happening here. They say this is a political issue and this is about our country. But, you know, he immediately pointed the finger at you and wasn't sure whether you spoke English or not. It's so sad. He says, "All of a sudden, our whole community was turned on its head. When you begin to look into the history of the resolution, you find a lot of backroom dealing out of the public eye. What can we do about this?" People were giving us input and becoming part of the story. We became a magnet for people who really wanted to find out what was going on. There was clearly a need for these people to talk to one another. But I asked any number of them if I could interview them for the channel, and they just couldn't do it, because they lived near Help Save Manassas members. People were afraid to speak. It was interesting to see them go from being web documentarians of the debate to playing a role, because this is a debate and a battle that's playing out online. And they have a very strong online presence. >> Park: The real turning point was when we were invited by the Washington Post and the United States Commission on Civil Rights to speak up. We decided to do it, you know, in part 'cause we felt that we owed it to the people who were contacting us with the very simple question, "What do we do?" Because we were actually saying, "Hey, you have to start speaking up." So we felt like the stakes were really high in coming forward. >> Chavez: The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights looks at the enforcement of federal civil rights laws and makes recommendations on legislation to the Congress and to the President. >> Park: What we didn't realize at the time was that we were about to become participants in a kind of courtroom drama in which the immigration resolution, John Stirrup, and Corey Stewart were essentially put on trial. Our purpose today is to gather facts on the extent to which the civil rights of residents of Prince William county, Virginia, may be adversely affected by measures taken by the county board of supervisors. >> Passel: To my mind, these numbers are the single numbers that explain a lot of what has been happening. In 1990, there were 4.5% of the county's population was latino. That doubled between '90 and 2000, and it's doubled again to the point where about 20% of the county is now made up of latinos. >> Stirrup: Thank you Madame Chairman for the opportunity to offer remarks about illegal immigration and illegal aliens, issues that I believe will dominate the domestic agenda in the 2008 campaign election. Having just concluded a successful re-election campaign here in Prince William county... A Prince William county police officer followed her for quite a while and then pulled her over and asked if she had weapons and drugs in the car. He told her that he had pulled her over for "making a sharp right turn." Later that same night, the Manassas police pulled her over. This time, the stated reason was that her license plate was a little bent. The community was told that the resolution would be enforced after the police have been trained, and in accordance with the constitution and laws of this land. >> Chavez: The wording of the resolution here in Prince William county says, "Whereas the Prince William board of county supervisors has determined that illegal immigration is causing economic hardship and lawlessness in this county." And I want to know how it is the board went about determining that. Because it seemed that there was very little fact-finding prior to the board's consideration. And I just want to know what the empirical evidence was of that impact, not people's feelings, but what empirical data did you pull together to determine this lawlessness? I'm looking at a chart that suggests, for example, that crime has gone down. Was it the facts that were motivating you, or was it something else? You're trying to say that John Stirrup and myself simply went about this without -- No, I'm just asking a question, Mr. Stewart. Perhaps you could answer it. I'm trying to lay the -- we did look at the impacts on the community. And the thing to remind yourself here is that the community identified this issue. The community identified the problems in terms of crime. The community identified the issues in the neighborhoods with housing overcrowding. >> Park: It was very revealing that Chairman Stewart couldn't offer any facts. He could only cite the claims made by what he referred to as "the community." When they described the population that they wanted to remove, they would use these kinds of reasons -- speaking Spanish, playing latin music, owning a chicken, growing corn, not having health insurance, or living in crowded conditions. These are not a sign of your immigration status. This is a sign of a particular immigrant community that is struggling to overcome poverty. >> Park: But the true revelation came with the testimony of Mike Hethmon, lead attorney for FAIR, and Dan Stein, its president. FAIR is a national lobbying organization classified as a hate group by the southern poverty law center, and as a nativist extremist group by the Anti-Defamation League. Foreign appearance, foreign language can be considered in the totality of the circumstance analysis. You can't enforce immigration laws without inconveniencing some people. But nevertheless, this idea that because we lack certain facts is therefore an argument not to act is kind of a self-fulfilling prophecy. And I am the drafter of this ordinance. It's on our website. Professor's little book here that he passed out yesterday about this problem nationally, if you go through that, all the statutes cited in there, they do come out of our shop. So to the extent that there is some kind of mad scientist behind all this, we'll be happy to take credit for this. >> Park: So, this is a laboratory right here? I like to say it. I mean, I didn't set it up, but it's -- or maybe it's a field study. I don't know what scientific metaphor you want to use. The Republican Party is really -- is very worried, you know, in the coming-up election. And, you know, a year ago, they were even more worried -- in the middle of the Iraq war, and Bush's ratings plummeting. Some of the Republicans said, "We've got to win out there in the heartland, you know, district by district, and we can't be too closely associated with this President." Help Save Manassas, Mr. Letiecq, called us up and said, "We want to do something." So we said, "Okay, here's what we suggest." They approached Mr. Stirrup in particular. And I think at that point, we heard Mr. Stewart and Mr. Stirrup talking about, "Well, there seems to be a political interest in this. "But is this really a problem?" And they started looking around and saying, "You know, well, what do we know?" At that point, they became interested in the idea as a political issue. >> Park: You mean election related. As election-related. You are clearly able to offset, to a large degree, that expense by reducing funding for this health clinic. Thank you very much. Thank you, Mr. Letiecq. Mrs. Almeda? Hi. I just wanted to give this. Okay. This is who you've driven out of the county. She's gone back to Guatemala. She has a U.S. Citizen brother, 25. She'll be allowed to come back. But it's a question of how much of her high-school career is she gonna miss because of this resolution? You know, your political aspirations, these are the people that you're stepping on to get there, and for those of you who don't know, my husband was one of those that adjusted his status here. He's been pulled over twice, both times in Prince William county, both since October, and for us, it's, you know, very suspicious. I mean, he's probably been pulled over twice, you know, in the last decade. And for him to have been pulled over twice in the last, you know, three months sends up red flags. The second time he was pulled over, he was told that the hitch on the truck was obscuring his license plate. The rhetoric that's being spouted by the people that participate in that blog site is frightening. Some of the posts on there I think are borderline incitement to violence. One poster said "The next time that Hispanics have a rally, he's gonna go pick a couple off." She would just call, and we would commiserate about how bad things were, and she would go on a Tuesday at least twice a month. And she would speak, and she would be ignored, and she'd just go right back the next Tuesday. I think we've got a blogger that is driving county politics. He's concerned that his neighbors that play loud salsa music are illegals when, in fact, they're Puerto Ricans. 20 years, I've never cast a vote for a Democrat, okay? This is gonna be the year. That is perseverance, and most of the time, she would go alone. >> Child: I need some food! I just fed them 10 minutes ago. Okay, maybe 20. But not mine on it. When I had a fundraiser for Corey, it was the first time he ran for chairman. At that point, he'd been a really good Occoquan supervisor. I mean, I had high hopes for him. And then, nine months later, when the whole immigration issue reared its ugly head, what I said to Corey was, he was making a huge mistake to align with Greg and that I couldn't support him. And that although I agreed that if you're a criminal, you should have your status checked, the idea that you're gonna be pulling people over and just asking them for identification was very disturbing to me. I was a little wary of Greg, and I have to tell you, some people very close to me were very wary. "What are you gonna do if people know who you are?" And I thought, you know, "Will I lose supporters? Will I lose friends? How will people react?" And I thought, you know, I just -- sometimes you just have to do what's right. I have to direct this at you, because you were in my home for a fundraiser. I feel like I knew you, and I don't know the person you are anymore, Corey. I don't. The person I know would never have a relationship with somebody who would post vileness like this -- suggesting that people are dog food? Or how about this one? "Up until now, I could not understand why the educational community was not entirely behind our efforts to repel this invasion of parasites. "Now it's clear. "For each parasite... The school gets some chump change." They are talking about children. And you have not taken a leadership role to stop this. These are all comments that Greg doesn't censor. He'll censor mine, but he won't censor these. "I'm thinking that maybe this raid is having an effect. "This morning, instead of the usual 25 to 30 kids waiting at the K-through-6 bus stop, there were only 8 kids. "The usual suspects were missing. Not a brown face." What I am saying to you here is, you people need to stand up. And I know who you are. You have got to stand up and stop this. Thank you. >> Park: As we got closer to the day that the immigration policy would be implemented, it was clear that it was really testing the character of many people in Prince William county. It was especially challenging for police chief Charlie Deane, who would soon become the executor of a policy about which he had many reservations. And in the end, he got caught in the crossfire of the fighting. He is very humble, and he will tell you that there are smarter people around and all that kind of thing. But I can tell you that I feel that he is extremely smart in terms of leadership and trying to run a very diverse organization, but also one that has changed a tremendous amount. I mean, when he came here in 1970, this was a 43-person department, and we're now 600 officers and 900 employees. And I've been painted with being opposed to the resolution. Well, you know, the truth is, I really didn't get a chance to oppose it or take a position on it. I was asked to react to it, and I did. Prince William county, which, over the past few decades has established an outstanding reputation for inclusion, will be painted as a racist community intent on driving out a single population. You cannot keep a community safe unless the majority of the community has trust in the police and will call, will bear witness when they need to. So it's vital that we retain the trust of all elements of the community in realizing this is a very diverse community. And the way this has been moved on a fast schedule has made it more challenging for us, I'd say. You don't have enough money to put enough police officers on the street on every street corner. Don't you think we need to prioritize based on the risk to our community? Did you ever consider resigning in protest? No, but I have jokingly, and maybe not so jokingly, told people that if I had seen this coming, I might have retired sooner. >> Hudson: We've had a great reputation of professionalism within our ranks, and we haven't had to fight too many allegations of racial profiling over the years. However, this issue, the immigration policy in particular, puts us in a precarious position. I think we're gonna see more and more challenges to the integrity of our officers and allegations of racial profiling. I have never supported cameras in all of our cars until now because they are very expensive. I think I'm over that now. This issue is what pushes me over. I'm going to suggest that we not fund the car camera program suspension of $3.1 million. I don't think it's necessary. Have you spoken with the chief about that? >> Woman: Is language a factor in the so-called probable cause to determine whether someone is illegal or not? The lack of language skill can be used as a factor. It's certainly not the sole factor related to any kind of decision. El simplemente no hablar bien ingles puede ser un factor. Pero un factor, no todos. La policia tiene el direcio de la preguntarle por algune identeficacion a un pasaher tambien. Probably not, unless -- let me answer the question. My house is legal. The transaction is legal. Three hundred eighty thousand is legal. And I will be living in my home in Prince William. I don't trust, on this policy, no or you. You, at the end, you are gonna to be the victim too. Polici were, his intentions is to get rid of Latino people in this community. Everyoe should make your own decisions, but this is no fair. >> Park: The third message posted at 9500 Liberty included references to the genocide of native Americans, government collusion with the KKK, and addressed Prince William county as the capital of intolerance. We were afraid that the new sign would endanger the immigrant community, Mr. Fernandez, and his family. Whereas the second sign was really a gesture towards bridging the division in the community, the third sign reflected tremendous anger and sense of defeat. And from that point on, the immigrants refused to participate in the process. The possibility for dialogue between the immigrants and the government was abandoned. I think the biggest impact has been in the local housing market. You know, the housing crisis is a national phenomenon, and it's largely caused by factors that are much bigger than Prince William county politics. You know, that said, Prince William county, you know, has the highest foreclosure rate in the region. >> Fuller: The negativism that's emerged is creating long-term damage to those economies. People who have felt threatened and unwelcome have left, and there's evidence of that in declining retail sales. These stores generated a BPOL tax. They generate sales tax. They generate jobs. The housing markets where these people have lived, those houses generate real-estate tax. A deteriorating house generates less real estate tax than one that's up and running. Those were the houses that were the first to go, and that did improve. But at the same time, it's pretty desperate to look down the street that you've lived your whole life and see almost half of it empty. When you drive by and you see grass up to their hips, every time you see that, your house is going down in value. >> Settle: There are foreclosures everywhere. A friend of mine who's a real-estate agent said he hasn't shown a house to anyone except an investor looking for foreclosures in the last month. You know, businesses are failing, but to me, it's more of a human thing. My grandson has lost all of his friends. I mean, literally everyone in the neighborhood that he used to play with except for one child has left. Mailbox Junction, may I help you? I'm two-thirds off. I should have had 50 customers today, and I had 15 or 18 customers all day. >> Fuller: These predominantly Hispanic shoppers shopped in stores that weren't Hispanic. These stores operate at a very small margin. If you lose 10% of your sales, that may be the difference between success and failure. Investors avoid controversy. A controversial company loses its investors. It happens in local economies, too. The slowdown in the economy is happening because of a national slowdown in the economy. In Prince William county, they made it worse by targeting a portion of their low-income population and making it feel less welcome. They took that spending power, that tax-generating power, that economic benefit out of the solution. There's gonna be fewer workers, less spending, fewer resources, less investment behind the recovery, and some of that will have shifted to other places that seem more accommodating more friendly. >> Tribbett: I allow anonymous comments on my website. I think it adds a lot to the discussion. Probably half of my comments are anonymous, and I think I've had about 90,000 comments left on my blog since I started it in 2005. Some of them have probably been defamatory. Most of those have been towards me. You say you wanted to hear the question. The question is, is it unethical for a blogger to be reporting on certain crimes committed by Hispanics and not be reporting on crimes being committed by other people? The bloggers just decided, "I just want everybody to know all the bad things the Hispanics are doing," and they just say, "we know other people are doing things. We don't care about that. That's not my focus." I don't think it's wrong to have a focus. >> Tribbett: And so we have total unanimity on this panel that bloggers can pretty much do whatever they want. Thanks for coming. Drive safe. His viewpoint, I don't like it. Sometimes it even offends me, and I'm not easily offended. But I've never attacked him for it, because I think he has every right to say it. If I lived in Prince William county and I really wanted to take him on directly, I'd start a blog and mock every post he did, you know? Every time he did a post like that, I'd do a post making fun of him. It was like a light bulb went off in my head, and very quickly, the thing just took formation. I mean, I was able to register a domain name the next day. It was just genius, and it was great, because so many people had been denied a voice at BVBL. People wanted to have a place to bring their voices. And the comments, the users that are using it, you know, very intelligent people have very well-thought-out responses. Some days I just stand in awe. The first test of the blog was the incident where Greg was attacking Chief Deane, saying that he was committing treason. And I think that the commenters on anti-BVBL were able to use the blog to kind of organize behind the scenes and show support for Chief Deane. >> Bogert: I was probably talking with someone, and they said, "Did you hear that someone's accusing the Chief of treason?" And I was like, "What?" And then they said that it was coming from the board of supervisors. Chief Deane was going to meet with someone from another government, and he was doing it without the approval of the Department of State. And if he did that, that it would be treason and he should be removed from office and fired and arrested. >> Woman: Chairman Stewart was absolutely correct in addressing the concerns citizens like I had with the meeting held by Chief Deane. >> Woman #2: The citizens in my neighborhood certainly do not like agents of foreign governments meddling in our local government affairs. These are laws of the United States, the State Department. It came from Condoleezza Rice. Violations of the Tenth Amendment, I understand, to the constitution, and maybe the Attorney General should get involved in it. We had a lot of ugly, ugly e-mails that came in. They were terrible e-mails -- I've saved them all -- critical of the chief, critical of me, critical of board members, anybody who has supported Chief Deane. You know, an inter-office e-mail was sent to the chairman by four of us not agreeing with saying that the chief did not have the authority to do what he did last Thursday night. That immediately went to Save Manassas. And I think that it is unfair for anyone on this board for any of our information to go to Save Manassas, where it reached the blogs, the criticism, what we said, what we didn't say. So I hope that that is going to stop. Greg Letiecq also sent out an e-mail telling everybody to come and to support the chairman and to get out there and support this illegal immigration. It really has to stop. Let's let our chief do his job. Tell your friend to stop it. It was a very, very hard thing for me to decide to leave Help Save Manassas. It really was, but I just... For people who have lived here a long time, they know what Chief Deane means to this county. I think these newcomers that wanted to call for this, they got a rude awakening, and they got a taste of what real Prince William county's about. And that's a sleeping giant nobody wants woke up. I had to get it out of my craw. When I'm sitting on the board, there's things I can't say, but when I'm sitting out here as a citizen... Good afternoon, board members. It's a little different being on this side of the fence. I am appalled that you, Corey Stewart, publicly attacked our chief. I've been a citizen of Prince William county for over 28 years, and I'll tell you, Corey Stewart, I talked to a lot of people this last weekend after the article came out in the Washington Post. Bar none -- bar none -- every single person I talked to was angry, disappointed, and very upset at your flippant, arrogant remarks. They do nothing more than add poison to this situation, and it is disgusting. As members of Unity in the Community, we stand in support of Chief Deane. I'm here to support Chief Deane. You owe Chief Deane a huge apology, Mr. Stewart. I am convinced that we have one of the country's finest law-enforcement leaders. He is a man of integrity, knowledge, and intelligence. He is not to be insulted like you did. The accusations of treason have been particularly vile. I want to take just a moment to commend you, Maureen Caddigan. I admire a woman who will stand up and fight back. Frank Principi, I commend you, John Jenkins and Marty Nohe, for speaking out and showing your support for our chief. I'm Admin. And I'm a blogger now. You know, we originally thought, "Well, we could be "Help save Manassas from Help Save Manassas," but we can think of something else. I am really excited to be here, because this is the color of our community. But I'm just so excited. I'm really excited to see supervisors here tonight. And I'd like to ask supervisors Nohe or Supervisor Principi if you'd like to come up and say something. Our chief of police, who I honestly believe is one of the finest law-enforcement officers in this country, had people in this community demanding his firing because he went out to talk to people. That, to me, was a tremendous wake-up call. You only need to count to five to influence some change. With five votes, we can make a change, and I believe you got two of them right here in this room. And I can tell you there's others very willing to revisit this whole issue, but it's not gonna happen unless we hear from you. We need to deal with this issue right now, this month, and it's all of you that can help make that happen. We need to count to five. That's what I've heard tonight. We need five. We got Principi. We got Nohe. I'm hoping Jenkins would be three. Caddigan would be four, and number five boils down to either Mike May or Wally Covington, so I think we need to look in those two districts. >> Park: When Supervisor Principi said there was an opportunity to make changes to the resolution, people really started taking action. There was organization almost immediately after he said that. Carlos Castro, who had created the Ayuda Business Coalition, really focused on direct talks with Mike May and Wally Covington. Unity in the Community, the faith-based group, they were able to get their members to write really compelling, informed letters. Alanna and Elena, through their blog, were able to coordinate action, really clearly arguing, "We only need five supervisors, and we can focus on eliminating the probable cause mandate." The policy is that they must inquire if there's probable cause, so on the one hand, they had no discretion. They must inquire. The problem is, if a judge later determines there was not probable cause, that officer ends up on the hook. A better defense against the racial-profiling issue was "We've arrested you for something that you shouldn't have done -- a criminal code violation. "Now you're in custody. "We're checking everybody." A bald, bearded white male who's 53, they're gonna run a check on me if I end up in the back of a cruiser or at the police station. >> Principi: We're gonna come back with policy language, which effectively will have police officers asking for documentation of illegal immigration after arrest, rather than before arrest. We need to avoid racial profiling. We've always done that well as a county. I said, "We need to avoid even the perception of racial profiling." That's what the cameras are about. >> Principi: Without the cameras, the police chief and Craig Earhart and Ross Horton, the county attorney, said, "We really cannot go on implementing this program." Basically, we gave him the rope, and he's hanging himself. But is he aware that's what's happened? I don't know. See, now that's the interesting question -- what will happen between now and next Tuesday, when he gets back with his buddy Greg Letiecq. >> Park: By selecting freshman Democrat Frank Principi as the new target for vilification, Greg, Chairman Stewart, and their outraged supporters hope to convince the board to raise taxes enough to pay for the police cameras. And keep the resolution in place. If we remove the probable cause portion of our resolution, then these illegal aliens... -illegal. -illegal. -illegal. -illegal. -illegal. -illegal. -illegal. -illegal. -illegal. Illegal aliens. If someone breaks into your home, how long must they escape detection before you are required to recognize them as a member of your family? This resolution was our answer, the citizens' answer. But I hear that one misguided supervisor... -Mr. Principi. -Mr. Principi. -Mr. Principi. -Mr. Principi. Mr. Frank Principi. Mr. Principi. -You, Mr. Principal. -Mr. Principali. -Persipi. -Supervisor Principi. Mr. Principi. One newcomer to the board of county supervisors, Frank Principi, is wanting to make changes or possibly eliminate completely the policy to rid Prince William county of all the illegal Mexican aliens. Just who is Frank Principali trying to protect? Does he have family members who are United States illegal? >> Woman: Immigrants do not wear signs around their necks stating that they're out of status. The only way a police officer can determine whether someone's out of status is to question them on account of their skin color, their accent, basically indicia that constitutes racial profiling. >> Park: By this point, the immigrants had decided their voices would not be heard. So whereas in October, the battle line was between Help Save Manassas and Mexicans Without Borders, this time around, you had Chairman Stewart, Greg Letiecq, and Help Save Manassas on one side, and on the other side, a coalition of people that included the county executive, the county attorney, the chief of police, and many citizens who had been silent in October, but seeing the impact of the resolution on their county, had decided to speak up. >> Schlossberg: When I went to look through many boxes, what I noticed was the majority of these e-mails did not come from Prince William county citizens. They didn't even come from Virginia residents. They came from people that weren't even on this side of the United States, so I'm wondering who's really in control here. Add to this equation the falling property values of homes in our county, a direct consequence of the resolution's authorization, and its destructive effect upon the county's tax base. I believe that the board's fiscal responsibility should be clear. Please remove probable cause from this hateful, costly resolution. It has divided this county like nothing else I have ever seen, and I've been here a long time. "A large majority of them can neither read or write, do not understand our language, "and have natural tendencies to live crowded among their own race and to continue their customs brought with them. "The time has come when the American people must call a halt" -- and you might think I got this off of Greg's blog, but let me just finish. "American people must call a halt to the Italians." This was published 1906 in the Baltimore Sun. It's completely wrong on so many levels, and I hope that we just don't fund the probable cause portion of the resolution. Thank you. I think this resolution is vitally important. If I didn't believe that, I would never support a tax increase in order to fund it. But in order to fund it, we cannot leave our officers exposed. I think we need to fund those cameras. Just in order of procedure, can the chairman make a motion such as that? No. I have not made a motion of it. I just told you where my position was. I move my gavel to Mr. Stirrup, and I make that motion. And now I take it back. I second that, Mr. Chairman. Further discussion? Okay. Please vote on the rate of 98.7 cents. It's a tie vote, 4-4. Supervisors Caddigan, Covington, Stewart, and Stirrup voting aye, supervisors Jenkins, May, Nohe, and Principi voting nay. The motion fails as a tie. All right. The board's gonna take a recess for 15 minutes. >> Park: This was the last we saw Chairman Stewart for quite some time. During this unscheduled recess, the chairman negotiated, one by one, with his fellow board members in the back room to either save the resolution or at least to save face. We waited for two hours for the chairman to come out and finally face the music. Oh, my gosh. So, what are we gonna do? I mean... I've never seen him so desperate. Illegal immigration, I hope we're doing the right thing. He's trying to figure out somewhere... He ain't never gonna get out of it if these guys stick with me. To avoid admitting defeat, Chairman Stewart joined the unanimous vote repealing the probable cause mandate. Now immigration status is checked uniformly, and Prince William county is less likely to be sued for racial profiling. I was pretty happy with it. I looked at it and said, "This is actually a pretty reasonable policy." There were some board members who weren't comfortable with it. But what's interesting is, it's amazed me how many people have, maybe not immediately, but eventually gotten to the point where they've said, "You know what? "This really is a dramatically better policy, irrespective of the angst and struggle that the board had to kind of go through in order to get there." >> Principi: I think we've made great strides last month in correcting the policies of the past. If you don't live in Prince William, move here. If you know of someone that has moved out, ask them to come back. This is a great place to live, work, and play. Bravo! Hello, Prince William! >> Obama: We tried to communicate that we can't afford the same political games, the same tactics that pit us against one another and make us afraid of each other. All of us are in this together. Tomorrow, you can put an end to the politics that would divide a nation just to win an election. Tomorrow, at this defining moment in history, Virginia, you can give this country the change that we need. It starts here in Virginia. It starts here in Manassas. This is where change begins. >> Park: The next day, Barack Obama won Prince William county by 16 points. He also won the state of Virginia and the White House. Hispanic voters in Virginia and around the country played a decisive role in the election. >> Martinez: Senator McCain did not deserve what he got. He was one of those that valiantly fought for immigration reform. But there were voices within our party, frankly, which, if they continue with that kind of rhetoric, anti-Hispanic rhetoric that so much of it was heard, we're gonna be relegated to a minority status. >> Park: Looking back, there is one thing that Supervisor Stirrup said with which I particularly agree. We're talking about the very identity of and the soul of our country. It is about America. It is about our identity, who we are and what we believe in. Prince William County's 15-year pattern of falling crime rates was reversed during the year of its immigration controversy. But as public trust in law enforcement rebounded, the crime rate resumed its downward trend. Two complaints of racial profiling were filed during the eight weeks the "Probable Cause" mandate was in effect. The Prince William county police department investigated and determined both to be unfounded. With the repeal of the "Probable Cause" mandate, the Virginia Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights decided not to file an official report. Under pressure from angry residents, the Manassas City Council took a series of steps to outlaw the Liberty Wall. The wall was torn down on September 4, 2008. In 2010, "The Immigration Resolution" resurfaced in Arizona as the "Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act." Better known as SB1070, the law had its key provisions halted in a temporary injunction issued by US District Judge Susan Bolton on July 28, 2010.

Video Details

Duration: 1 hour, 19 minutes and 54 seconds
Year: 2010
Country: United States
Language: English
License: All rights reserved
Producer: Chris Rigopulos
Director: Annabel Park, Eric Byler
Views: 527
Posted by: mnovak on Apr 1, 2012

9500 Liberty documents the first time in U.S. history that an Arizona-style immigration law was actually implemented—and the surprising grassroots opposition that led to its repeal.

Racial tension and threats of violence erupt when Prince William County, Virginia adopts a law requiring the police to question people who appear to be undocumented immigrants. Supporters of the law ride a wave of hysteria to an election victory. But many reconsider when the local economy feels the impact of a sudden exodus of workers, consumers, and business owners. Despite fears of reprisal, a group of concerned citizens launches a “virtual resistance” using social media, setting up a final showdown with the law’s ferocious advocates.

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