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Ignacio Martínez Mendizabal - Las personas y organizaciones del futuro

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The mechanism of natural selection, Ignacio Martínez Mendizabal Renowed Anthropologist the struggle for survival, the survival of the fittest in the struggle for resources has had enormous influence beyond biology. It has affected other fields of society, such as sociology, economy. Because there is a parallelism between human activities and natural selection in nature, and that is struggle. That is to say, in natural relationships, to struggle for the resources and all those who have the characteristics that make them fitter to catch hold of those resources survive distinctly, and thus their characteristics are passed on from one generation to another. It is often said that natural selection— and I say it these days with the problems we have now, we say, well, the fittest will survive this disease, because many times it is said that evolution, this is what Darwin said, is the survival of the fittest, but, is it always the fittest that survive? Natural selection is not a demiurge, it is a natural process. And it also has its little issues, things that don't work quite well. One of the problems of natural selection is that it can't predict the future. Natural selection works based on the present. In natural selection there is no anticipation. Natural selection is reactive. It takes place once the trees have changed colors. And the other thing is that natural selection produces adaptations and behaviors— Because also our behaviors, a huge part of human behaviors and virtually all animals', are instinctive, they are fixed in the genes and they are the object of natural selection's action. So, as I say, these are very rigid. Natural selection is very slow changing things. And this is so in all species in this planet, except for one. There's a species that has discovered a new way, a new algorithm, a new expert system to interact with the changes and modify its behavior. Obviously, that species is ours. Darwin began from what, for him, was a fact. And that is that human beings are helpless creatures. We don't have claws, we don't have fangs, we aren't within the biggest animals, we aren't too fast, we don't climb trees fast, we don't have a good sense of smell, neither do we have a fine ear. And so? If we are such a mess, how come we have won the World Cup? Because we are the ruling species of this planet. We are the species that has triumphed in the history of evolution. What is it that we have? What is it that makes us so different? In the end, as I say, the winners, the champions, the victors of the race of evolution. And Darwin believed there were 2 things, and frankly, you don't have to be a genius to realize about those 2 things. One is our extraordinary technological capacity. There are many people— I'm frequently asked: Professor, professor, will technology control people? Is technology a threat to people? And I can't help answering always the same: Technology is not something unrelated to people. Technology is the result of our imagination and our brain. Technology is our daughter. People are technology. It's one of the keys of our evolution. If we hadn't developed technology, the most primitive one, we wouldn't have got as far as we did. As I say, one is technology. And the other is something at which we truly are the champions of the world. And then no one. And then no one. We are on the podium. There's no one comparable to human beings in our capacity to cooperate with others, the capacity to form extraordinary teams. People are unique animals that live in the future. We habitually live in the future. Since we wake up in the morning, we're already thinking what we are going to do but not in a while, where we are spending our vacations in some months, which job we would like to have in a few years, if we are young, what we would like to study. We are continually imagining possible futures, like a pointed stone is a future possible for a rounded stone. And we don't just imagine it, we aren't just capable of travelling to that possible future to see what we want. We're capable of taking hold of that future and making it happen. This is marvelous. Not just imagining it; it's the capacity of making our dreams come true. And for that we have to imagine which things need to be done, and in which order, for them to happen. And that isn't different from what we now call strategy, or what we call planning, that we take for granted, but it is a unique human capacity, it is an extraordinary cause. And we often forget, I don't know if it happens to you, but in my case, it is not just once that I arrive at school, meet my team and I'm asked: Nacho, what are we doing today? And I say: We'll see on the go. Those days there's no planning. Those days are terrible. Because when a team that works this way, deciding on the go, encounters a team that know where they want to go and have an idea of how to conceive a strategy or a plan, you wouldn't bet your money on the first, because of their "let's see what happens." Do you know what all animals do? When they give birth, if you'll excuse me the expression, when they notice that something has gone wrong, they get rid of it. No one in nature devotes time and energy on a newborn that won't make it to adulthood and won't pass on the genes. That's called natural selection. It's ruthless. There's only one species alive in this planet and now we know there was another in the past capable of doing something extraordinary, capable of leaving no one behind, capable of taking care of the helpless, capable of taking care of the fragile, even if they think they are hopeless. And when we didn't know about medicine, we were capable like today, when we didn't know about medicine, we were capable of caring. We were capable of comforting. We were capable of accompanying. If there's some that distinguishes the current human species, Homo sapiens, not from animals, but from the rest of the human species that have lived in the past, is that we die for beauty. We can't live without beauty. Beauty is even more important than food for some people. And if you don't believe me, think of the last time you went on a diet. How much have you suffered to be pretty to go to the beach, what in Spain we call "bikini mission"? Think about the money we spend at the gym, and the time and suffering of cosmetic surgery, clothes, accessories. For us, is it fundamental to be beautiful, but also to be surrounded by beautiful objects, the cars we buy. You may not believe this, but many people choose their partner, with whom they will spend all their lives, just because they are beautiful, beyond other abilities or virtues, because we can't help it. We die for beauty. And just like people are slaves for beauty in the physical world, I call that aesthetic feeling, people also have the same feeling towards ideas. Just like that people we fall in love with, there are ideas we fall in love with. Just like there are objects that we regard wonderful, there are ideas we regard wonderful or revolting. And that crush we have on ideas, if we are capable of making beautiful those ideas we have a crush on, poetically beautiful, to transmit them to others, we will make them vibrate with the same love we feel for them. And that is how we have a language to communicate values. Because those are the values that strengthen all societies, but not just at this moment. Those values are the ones that connect us with the older people. They are the ones that connect us with the ones to come, and what strengthens the bonds are normal crushes on ideas, told and transmitted poetically. We all get up from bed in the mornings because of attractive ideas. We live for attractive ideas, for our values, the ones that give life a value, a sense. When someone is depressed they say it is horrible because nothing has a purpose, nothing has a value. Attractive ideas are the ones that form societies. Attractive ideas are the ones that allow us to go through crisis. Attractive ideas are the ones that brought us here. And, of course, useful ideas. Attractive ideas are the ones worth living for. Useful ideas are the ones that help us live, and live better.

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Duration: 8 minutes and 47 seconds
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Language: Spanish (Spain)
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Posted by: wobi on Apr 7, 2021

Ignacio Martínez Mendizabal - Las personas y organizaciones del futuro

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