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Changing Education Paradigms

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Beginning Sir Ken Robinson. Changing paradigms. Every country on Earth, at the moment, is reforming public education. There are two reasons for it. The first is economic. People try to workout. How do we educate our children to their place in the economies of the 21st century? How do we do that? Given that can't anticipate what the economy will look like at the end of the next week. As the recent turmoil is demonstrated. How do we do that? The second is cultural. Every country on Eatrh is tried to figure out How do we educate our children? so they have their sense of the culture identity and so, we can pass our culture genes of our communities. Well, been a part of the process of globalisation. How do we square that circle? The problem is that trying to meet the future by doing what they did in the past. And on the way that alienating millions of kids. We don't see any purpose to going to school. When we went to school, we were kept there with a story where if you work hard and did well, and got a college degree. You will have a job. Our kids don't believe that. And they are right not by the way. You are better having a degree than not. But it is not a garantee anymore. And particularly not if the route to it marginalies... the most you think is important by yourself. Some people say we have to raise stands. Is it a brave true. You know. Like really? Yes! We should. Why would you lower them? I haven't cross an argument to bestrave an ignorant way. (???) But raison, i'm across we should raise in. (???) The problem is, the current education was designed ... and conceived and structured for a different age. It was conceived in the Intellectual culture of the Enlightenment. and in the economic circumstance of the industrial revolution. Before the middle of 17th century, they were no systems of public education. Not really, you get educated by Jesuits if you had money. But public education paid for by taxation, compulsory to everyone, free at the point of delivery. That was a revolutionnary idea. And many people objected to it. They said it is not possible. For many street's kids what class education can benefit from public education. They are incapable of learning to read and write. Why we are spending time on this? This is also build on assumptions social stuctures and capacity. It was driven by an economic imperative of the time. Running right to it... It was an intellectual model of the mind. What was essentially an Enlightment view of intelligence. The real intelligence consist on capacity of certains types of deductive raisoning. In the knowledge of classics originally. That we want to think about, it was academic ability. And this is deep in the gene pool of the public education. There is really two types of people: academic and not academic. Smart people and not smart people. On the concept of that, many brilliant people think they are not... because they are judge in this particular view of the mind. So, we have twins pillars: economic and intellectual. My view is, this model has caused chaos. many people lives. It is been great for some. They were benefit wonderfully from it. But most people have not. Instead the stock of this, This is the modern epidemic, it is as misplaced and it is as fictitious. This, it is the playgolf ADHD. Now, this is a map of the instance of ADHD in America or prescriptions for ADHD. Don't misake me. I don't mean to say there is no such thing as Attention Defficit Desorder. I am not qualified to say there is such of thing. I know there is great majority psychologists and pedetricians think there is such a thing. But it is still a matter of debate. What I do know for a fact is not an epidemic. These kids are been medicated as routunely as we obstencial are taken at. (???) On the same rule basic and on the same metical fashion. (???) Our children are living in the most intensive stimulating period in history of the Earth. That is been beceive information and pulse their attention on every platforms... computers from iphones, from advertising hoardings, from hundreds, from hundred of television channels. And what penalizing that for getting distracted. From what? Boring stuff. At school for the most part. It seems to make an coincidence totally with the increase of the ADHD parallele to the standardised testing. (???) This kid are been getting ritaline, adril (???) and other matter of thing, often quite dangerous drogs to get them focus and calm down. But the cause of this, ADHD, increase as you travel East to cross the country. People start to lose interest in Oklahoma. Ha... They can hardly think straight in Arkansas. And by the time to get Washington they get lost completely. And there is certainly a raison for that, I believe. It is a fictitious epidemic. If you think of it, the Arts. And I don't say it is exclusive to the Arts. I think it is also for the science and of the maths. But let me... I said the Arts particularly because they are the victims of this mentality currently. The Arts, especially adress the idea of aesthetic experience. An Aesthetic experience is when senses are operathing at their peak. But you are present at the current moment when you are resumathing but their exciting moment of this thing... that you are experiencing when you are fully alive. Anaesthetic is when you shut your senses off. And deaden yourself to what is happening. An a lot of this drugs are that. We are getting our children through education by anaesthetising them. And I think we should the exact opposite. We shouldn't put them asleep. We should be waking them up to what is inside of themselves. But the model we have is this. I believe we have a system education modeled on the interest of industrialisation. and the image of it. I give you a couple of examples. Schools are pretty much organised on factory lines. Ringing bells, separate facilities, specialize in seperate subjects... We are still educating children by batches. We put them into the system by age group. Why do we do that? What is the assumption, the most important thing the kids have in common is how old they are? It is like, is it important the date of manufacture? What do you mean? Well I know kids from much better than others kids in different discipline or better in an different times of the day. or better in small groups than in a large groups or even better on their own. If you are interested in the model of education, you don't start from production line mentality. It is essentially by conformity, increasily about that. If you look about standardize testing or standardize curriculum. It's all about standardisation. I believe we need to go in the exact opposite direction. That was a mean right change of the paradigm. There is studies recently publish of divergent thinking. Divergent thinking is not the same thing as creativity. I difine divergent thinking as the process of having original ideas that have value. Divergent thinking is not a synonym but it is an essential capacity for creativity. It is the ability to see a lot of possible answers to a question, a lot of ways to interpret a question. To think what Ed de Bond (???) or think laterally. To think not just linear or convergent way, to see multiple answers not one! I mean a test of it. I mean a... One cod example will be. You make be to ask to say... How many uses can you think of for a paper clip? Most people can find 10 to 15 answers. People who are good at this - 200. And to do that by symbol, it could it be 200 ft tall undmade of foam rubber. You know, it doesn't have to be a paper clip as we know, it's a paper cup Jim... The test gave 1500 people called Break point and beyond. ??? On the pratical(???) of the test, if you score on the second level, you will consider a genious of divergent thinking. So, my question to is what % of people tested of the 1500 scored the genious level for divergent thinking. I need to know more one think about them. This was in the garden children. What do you think? What percentage of genius level? ...80%... The answer is 98%. Now, the thing about was a longitudinal studies. So they retested children five years later. Age 8 to 10. What do you think? ...50%... They retested again five years later, ages 13 to 15. You can see a trend (???) in common. Ha! Now, this child has an extraordinary story because you could imagine in an other way. Could you? You start to be not very good, you got bader than you get older. But this shows two things, 1- we all have this capacity and 2- it is mostly deteriorates. Now, a lot of things happened to this kids till they are growing up. A lot. But the most important thing that I am convinced by now is they are become educated. The spontanious at school, they say There's one answer at the back. And don't look! Don't copy because that is cheating. But outside school that is called collaboration. No but... Ha! Inside joke. This is because teachers want this in this way or because it is happened that way. It is beacause it is in the genical of education. We have to think diffently about human capacity. We have to get over this old conception of academic and non-academic. Abstract, theoretical, racational(???). And say what it is... a myth. Second, we recognize the great learning happens in groups. Collaboration is the stuff of growth. If we atomize people and we separe and judge them separately, we... form a kind of disjunction between them, and then you are learning the environment. And thirdly, it is crucialy about the culture of our institution. The habits of our institutions and the habitats they occupy. End

Video Details

Duration: 11 minutes and 42 seconds
Country: United States
Language: English
Genre: Animated
Producer: RSA animate
Director: The RSAorg
Views: 437
Posted by: matdess on Feb 2, 2011

Thinking about education system yesterday, now and what we want for tomorrow.

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