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Choosing the Right Programming Model

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[Microsoft ASP.net] [www.ASP.net] [Choosing your Programming Model] Hi, I'm Scott Hanselman. Let's talking about choosing your programming model in ASP.NET. [ASP.NET: Web Forms MVC, and Web Pages] ASP.NET is a flexible web platform that enables you to build great web applications using three different programming models. Those models are ASP.NET Web Forms, ASP.NET MVC, and ASP.NET Web Pages. All three of these programming models are fully supported options and are used by millions of developers. Let's take a look at how these fit together and why there are three choices. Now all of these models build on top of the same core ASP.NET web platform. Each model sits on of ASP.NET and each model is ASP.NET. At the same time, though, each model creates and structures a web application using a slightly different approach. Just like people, each of the approaches values different things. We offer these different approaches because we've found that some developers prefer one set of values and other developers prefer another set of values. All these programming models are good ones, and they solve real problems. We'll continue to add features and innovate with all of them. The programming model approach that's right for you depends on what feels most natural for you and which set of values most maps to what you're looking for. [What does ASP.NET Web Forms value?] If you're coming from a client application development background or perhaps you're familiar with UI controls and wiring up event handlers that respond to user actions, you'll find a comfortable programming model in ASP.NET Web Forms. ASP.NET Web Forms provides a server-side web programming framework that enables you to use server-side controls within your HTML markup. Server controls in Web Forms encapsulate some of the complexities of HTML, Javascript, and CSS. They support rich features like data-binding and templating. Web Forms includes dozens of rich user interface controls out of the box. You'll be able to retrieve data from databases, wire up controls to display, and edit data in datagrids or charts. The controls will help you achieve common tasks easily. Differences between browsers are handled by controls. You may be familiar with Microsoft SharePoint. It builds on top of WebForms. If you're a SharePoint developer or intend to be, that is another reason for you to use Web Forms. [What does ASP.NET MCV value?] ASP.NET MVC is a slightly lower level web programming model. It doesn't have higher level abstractions like controls, but rather asks that you know HTML and HTTP a little more deeply. If you're someone who comes from a traditional web development background, ASP.NET MVC will probably feel very comfortable to you. MVC gives you total control over the HTML markup that you render and the URLs that you expose within your application. It enables you to have the full power and the flexibility of CSS and Javascript. ASP.NET MVC also has great support for unit testing and test-driven development for your web Applications and is often used alongside Agile methodologies. MVC encourages strong design patterns and prescriptive applications architectures. It's very flexible and can be extended in any way that you like. [What does ASP.NET Web Pages value?] ASP.NET Web Pages is a simple model built around individual pages, similar in ways to PHP or Classic ASP. It uses the same Razor syntax that MVC does but with inline script rather than separate controller classes. However, you have the full power of the .NET runtime and all the flexibility of C# and VB.NET at your fingertips. Web Pages gives the developer full control over the generated markup. The reusable methods and libraries used in webpages are called helpers. They're like Web Forms controls in that they encapsulate reusable functionality. However, Web Pages doesn't have a page lifecycle like Web Forms does, so there's no hierarchy of page load and page render. You can generally think of an ASP.NET Web Page as executing top-to-bottom. Web Pages is a powerful tool that you can use within your WebForms and MVC applications. You can add a Web Page here or there to existing apps and extend them in new ways you perhaps hadn't thought of. Remember that choosing your programming model isn't a fork in the road that you can't turn back from. Underneath each of Web Forms, MVC, and Web Pages is ASP.NET itself, and all these models share nearly all their libraries with a core runtime. This includes authentication, authorization, membership, role security, output caching, session state, configuration, deployment, AJAZ, support, and more. The skills and APIs that you'll learn in these core libraries are used interchangeably between Web Forms, MVC, and Web Pages. Learn one, and you're well on your way to learning them all. Because it's all ASP.NET underneath, you can even choose to have hybrid applications that are built with any and all of these programming models. It's up to you. Pick the right tool for the job. As an example, some programmers use Web Pages for rapid prototyping and then they move to MVC. ASP.NET makes it all possible and gives you lots of flexibility. You can download everything you need to start developing, right here on the ASP.NET website. A great way to get started if you're a new developer is to start with Web Pages. Click the Web Pages tab and click "Install Web Matrix." This friendly IDE will get you started with your first website in minutes. You can even download and run popular open source applications directly from within Web Matrix. Or if you're ready to move up to a more powerful tool and start creating web forms or MVC applications click the Downloads tab and download Visual Studio Express for free. Visual Studio can be used to create ASP.NET websites of any type. I'd encourage you to spend some time learning a little about all these models, so that you can get a feel for each. Each tab on the ASP.NET website includes a short video that will show you what building a simple application is like with ASP.NET. There are also extensive text tutorials and walkthroughs to get you started. Visit the Web Forms, MVC, or Web Pages tabs on the ASP.NET website and learn more about each programming model approach. Each section has sample applications, tutorials, videos, and walkthroughs to help you not only get started but to handle advanced scenarios as well. Thank you. I'm looking forward to seeing what you'll create. [Microsoft ASP.NET] [www.ASP.net]

Video Details

Duration: 6 minutes and 37 seconds
Country: United States
Language: English
License: All rights reserved
Genre: None
Views: 7
Posted by: neudesicasp on Oct 3, 2013

Microsoft's Scott Hanselman gives you the information you need to decide if ASP.NET Web Forms, ASP.NET MVC, or ASP.NET Web Pages is right for you.

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