Watch videos with subtitles in your language, upload your videos, create your own subtitles! Click here to learn more on "how to Dotsub"

TEDxSeeds-ToshioOhi-12/12/09

0 (0 Likes / 0 Dislikes)
Now I will start speaking Since the previous performance was dancing, I wondered what I should do as a potter today And I do performance all over the world making Chawan = tea bowl and other potteries. What I made today is "OHI YAKI", in which all potteries are made by hand without using almost any tools. This bowl is molded by hitting with a palm like this and all potteries starts here. By molding this materials, well I will skip the details because of the time, the clay is made into an original form of a bowl like this. Once it's shaped, you can find an interesting property of clays, which is its shape-memory. therefore, initial form you give them become essential. This tool created by my grand father is used to form and trim the edge. but the clays are also used over hundreds of years. The clays are also used over hundreds of years. My family has made pieces by this method, "Tebineri", form and shape one by one with hand. And finally it become a piece like this. This "KODAI", a pedestal and bottom of a tea bowl, is very important. Once it's dried, it will kilned with 800°. After it's glazed it is burned again in the fire of red pines. When it turns red, the bowl is removed out of the kiln. This unique method is called RAKU ware. This Japanese "RAKU" is now used as a common word around the world like "Judo" and many potters use this method. Therefore, I am invited from all parts of the world to introduce this methodology. Why do I make it like this? Now, thing are based on Chado. Before Chado was developed, what did people live with? Probably with Buddhism, Shinto and before that was, Koshinto or Feng shui, which was imported from China or Korea. In the period of Sen-no-Rikyu there was no medical and transportation system like today. Therefore, it wasn't easy for a person to meet someone again in his life. Once you meet someone, it's likely you will never see him or her forever, so people always lived with some kind of sorrow. It seems to me that this emotion created the method of this bowls, and I start feeling like we can do anything not only making bowls but anything under this spirit. Now I would like you to see this screen. From a childhood, we use the word "HAIKEN(拝見) the expression of watch with reverence and modesty. As my family does tea ceremony, I often use this word and I believe you do too. When you see this word in Kanji, it's formed by two Kanjis, "pray" and "watch". Why do we use this word in a everyday life? I think this is the origin of Japanese "DO(道“)" (Way) such as creating potteries or doing the tea ceremony. Even a Kodai is a last part of HAIKEN(拝見). Now I would like to think about the meaning of "pray" and "watch" with you. In the old days people watched the sunrise from the top of Mt. Fuji standing with the posture of Kanji "大"(=big). "大"(=big) ‰is formed with "一"(one) and "人"(a person) If you don't agree with me, please try to believe me today. This is not related to religion at all. Some things are easier to understand by believing these things. When you watch the sunrise from the top of Mt. Fuji alone, you will find the place much higher than that. It is written by "天"(ˆTEN = Sky or Heaven). There is a wall in the precincts of Zenko temple in Nagano you see many floting things in it. This is a metaphor that there are many Buddhas gathering at the place of sunrise. The "Torii "鳥居"…", a traditional Shinto shrine gate, is originally structured by hanging the rope between the trees. The "Shimenawa", a straw rope also came from this rope. When you imagine the sunrise coming under Torii and a person standing to watch this sunrise as Kanji "大", you can find a Kanji "宮"(Shrine palace) which relates the meaning of birth "子宮" ˆwomb. I think this kind of interesting secret is hidden between the back and front, or light and shadow and also in "Fu-sui" (fortune by moving wind). This is the "Seimei jinjya" enshrines "Abe no Seimei", who was a master of Onmyodo (a traditional Japanese esoteric cosmology) and probably a first cosmology including Fusui master in Japan. In this shrine there is "Gobosei", a pentagram motif. You can find this in the internet but this is the golden ratio, 1: 1618... When you draw a square in 5:8 rectangular, another rectangular is found in it. And when you draw a circle in the square, you find another rectangular. This continuous drawing creates a golden spiral. The Edo-jo, a edo castle, and Edo is created under the same method of Golden ratio. I am wondering why people create Edo, Kyoto and Nara. "奈良"(Nara) is written with "一"(one) &"人"(person) &"示"(indicate) & "良"(good). When you think this way, the number of "3" becomes very important as well. This is a display with Amitabha or Sakyamuni, the (Buddhist) Goddess of Mercy (Guan Yin) and Mahasthamaprapta together. Please shut your ears if you don't agree. We see a sun and a moon. This shows the same kind of relationship between light and shadow or front and back. But there is one more, "where I am". A person who discovered this fact, called a wise one in an ancient time, understood uneven number and knew that "I" exist on the earth. Therefore, like an Azteca drawing or some kind of information has to be transmitted from the ground to the person in the sky. The clays I use now is the one my grand father created with different kind of clays. If the clays are not mixed and well molded, it will crack when it's removed from the kiln. Therefore, I mold and create everything by myself. This is not a story of religion. I became 50 recently and noticed that when you imagine you only have one chance to meet this person, you thank this opportunity and make the best of it. Also when I find things that I cannot do alone, I will find others who will collaborate with me. I like the word "Haiken" and think this work is truely important. It seems that drinking a single cup of tea with this black tea bowl implies everything. We watch a "Kodai" (a bottom of the bowl) with respect. This black Chawam is the best piece I've ever made, but by the end of my life, I wish to create and set another best piece of work. 3 mins over and I would like to finish my speech.

Video Details

Duration: 26 minutes and 52 seconds
Country: Japan
Language: English
Genre: None
Views: 381
Posted by: translators on Feb 3, 2010

About TEDx, x = independently organized event In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)(

Caption and Translate

    Sign In/Register for Dotsub above to caption this video.