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Turning Points in History: The Industrial Revolution

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At the end of the 18th century the majority of people lived of agriculture in lands belonging to aristocrats, owners of large estates. Owners and farmers were dependent on each other in a system which remained for centuries. A series of changes that would affect the lives of the people for the next 150 years were taking place in cities of England and United States. The inventors have still managed to draw the energy of nature, of water, steam or coal. The new machines replaced hand tools and produce the same only more cheaply and more. Much work was done outside the home. Buildings designed specifically for the work were: the factories. Mechanization was implemented in the textile mills of England. A machine attached to a wheel could do the work of 50 people. Many products such as food or clothing became more affordable. Thanks to the development of the railway and steam ships, goods could distribute half of the world. Families left their villages and migrated to industrial cities. A new social class was created a new social class: workers. Industrial entrepreneurs employed thousands of them. They made huge profits. But not everything was positive. Pollution caused by factories caused black cities, the lack of housing originated "slums". The demand for more goods of consumption and more benefits brought labour exploitation, including children. The worst cases occurred in the textile mills of New England (USA). A 10 year old girl describes their working conditions. "I was paid US $2 a week." Working hours are extended from 5: 00 to 19: 00. "We had two breaks of half an hour a day." The use of children up to 5 years old outraged the public. Reformers and workers protested. They formed trade unions and associations. They struggled to get the Government´s laws which reduce working hours and protect children. We live the technological revolution now. We live in a "global village", because we can connect with the world without time or space problems

Video Details

Duration: 3 minutes and 30 seconds
Country: United States
Language: English
Views: 685
Posted by: olgalavado on May 24, 2011

Pequeño documental sobre la revolución industrial. Los subtítulos no son literales.

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