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Otitis Media Final video

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This Video seeks to examine Otitis media, through describing its characteristics, rate of incidence and prevalence among the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations of Australia, and how it impacts this group. Finally, this video will compare and contrast the lived experiences of Celeste and a mother with a child diagnosed with Otitis media. This video seeks to understand the importance of the early detection of Otitis media and the importance of access to care in minimising future implications such as learning and language delays affecting the transmission of culture. Otitis media (OM) refers to the inflammation and/or infection of the middle ear, caused by a build-up of fluid in a normally air-filled middle ear space. Otitis media can also be referred to as Glue ear or middle ear infection and represents a broad spectrum of diseases. Otitis Media can be caused by bacterial or viral infections which proceed an upper respiratory tract infection such as a cold. Otitis media is caused by a blockage of the auditory tube which creates a vacuum-like seal, causing fluid to pool in the middle ear located between the outer and inner ear. If the fluid is not removed it may become thick, preventing ossicles from vibrating consequently causing hearing impairment. The straighter and shorter anatomy of the Eustachian tube in children, which is still developing, means the tube is less effective at draining and ventilating as it does in adults. In some cases, Otitis Media may resolve itself, however, if not treated may cause perforation of the ear drum leading to a permanent hearing loss. Factors which may contribute to the development and transmission of early Otitis media include Otitis Media can impact on many aspects of a person’s health and lifestyle throughout the individual's life. Otitis media can cause temporary hearing impairments and if left untreated can lead to permeant hearing loss, speech delays, learning difficulties, delayed social development and behavioural problems. It has been found that in the ATSI populations, Otitis media can lead to disengagement with school and family life affecting both learning and social development causing irritability, social isolation, and depression. Sudden disengagement, irritability or aggression at home and school can often be interpreted as bad behaviour however, it may be the warning signs of infections associated with Otitis media. Engagement with Elders, aunties and uncles and the community among the ATSI population is very important. It allows for the transmission of culture and beliefs from one generation to the next. Elders from the Wongutha Tribe commented on how those with hearing impairments showed little respect for their Elders. This proved problematic for their teachings of traditional dance, language, stories and traditional healing techniques. However, this was due to hearing impairments caused by Otitis media being misunderstood by community members. Social exclusion may cause the individual with hearing loss to feel disconnected from their community and even affect their ATSI identity. The low level of childhood development can lead to not only lower educational attainment but also future employment outcomes. This results in both economic and social disadvantage to a population already marginalized in Australia. Furthermore, an inability to attain employment may increase the probability that some individuals may encounter the criminal justice system. Otitis media is more prevalent in young children than adults, globally affecting approximately 65 to 330 million people. Additionally, Indigenous children worldwide are found to experience higher rates of Otitis media than non-Indigenous children. The peak rate of infections occurs between the ages of 6 and 18 months. This is due to the developing Eustachian tube, incomplete childhood vaccinations and children’s developing immune system. The prevalence of Otitis media in Australia’s ATSI communities is 2.8 times higher than that of the non-aboriginal Australia population. On average ATSI children suffer from Otitis media infections, and inflammation for two and a half years of childhood compared to non-aboriginal children who will experience Otitis media for around three months. Additionally, approximately 40% of ATSI children experience Otitis media immediately after birth. The second part of this video will examine two different lived experiences of Otitis Media in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population.

Video Details

Duration: 10 minutes and 2 seconds
Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
Genre: None
Views: 0
Posted by: trantpn1998 on Oct 7, 2017

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