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D56_9 (16a) (1)

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Using a graduated cylinder and taking care to avoid wetting the cup above the final liquid level, measure 50 plus or minus 0.5 milliliters of the sample into the cup, both the sample and graduated cylinder being pre-cooled when necessary so that the specimen temperature at the time of measurement will be 27 plus or minus 5 degrees Celsius, 80 plus or minus 10 degrees Fahrenheit, or at least 10 degrees Celsius, 18 degrees Fahrenheit, below the expected flash point-- whichever is lower. It is essential that the sample temperature be maintained at least 10 degrees Celsius, 18 degrees Fahrenheit, below the expected flash point during the transfer from the sample container to the cylinder and from the cylinder to the test cup. Destroy air bubbles on the surface of the specimens by use of knifepoint or other suitable device. Wipe the inside of the cover with a clean cloth or absorbent tissue paper. Then attach the cover with a temperature measuring device in place to the bath collar. Light the test flame. When used, adjusting it to the size of a small bead on the cover, operate the mechanism on the cover in such a manner as to introduce the ignition source into the vapor space of the cup. And immediately bring it up again. The time consumed for the full operation should be 1 second, allowing equal time periods for the introduction and return. Avoid any hesitation in the operation of depressing and raising the ignition source. When a flash is observed on the initial operation of the mechanism, discontinue the test and discard the result. In this case, a fresh sample shall be cooled an additional 10 degrees Celsius, 18 degrees Fahrenheit, below the original specimen installation temperature. Exercise care when using a test flame. If the flame is extinguished, it cannot ignite the specimen, and the gas entering the vapor space can influence the result. When the flame is prematurely extinguished, the test shall be discontinued and any result discarded. When the flash point of the sample is known to be below 60 degrees Celsius, 140 degrees Fahrenheit, apply and adjust the heat so that the temperature of the portion will rise at a rate of 1 degrees Celsius, 2 degrees Fahrenheit, per minute, plus or minus 6 seconds. When the temperature of the specimen in the test cup is 5 degrees Celsius, 10 degrees Fahrenheit, below its expected flash point, apply the ignition source in the manner just described in 9.2 of the written standard. And repeat the application of the ignition source after each 0.5 degrees Celsius, 1 degrees Fahrenheit, rise in temperature of the specimen. If the flash point of the sample is known to be 60 degrees Celsius, 140 degrees Fahrenheit, or higher, apply and adjust the heat so that the temperature of the specimen will rise at a rate of 3 degrees Celsius, 5 degrees Fahrenheit per minute, plus or minus 6 seconds. When the temperature of the specimen in the test cup is 5 degrees Celsius, 10 degrees Fahrenheit, below its expected flash point, apply the ignition source in the manner just described in 9.2 of the written standard. And repeat the application of the ignition source each 1 degrees Celsius, 2 degrees Fahrenheit, rise in temperature of the specimen. When the application of the ignition source causes a distinct flash in the interior of the cup, as defined in 3.1.1 of the written standard, observe and record the temperature of the specimen as the flash point. Do not confuse the true flash with the bluish halo that sometimes surrounds the ignition source during applications immediately preceding the actual flash. Warning, for certain mixtures containing halogenated hydrocarbons, such as methylene chloride or trichloroethylene, no distinct flash as defined is observed. Instead, a significant enlargement of the test flame, not halo effect, and change in color of the test flame from blue to yellowish orange occurs. Continued heating and testing of these samples above ambient temperature can result in significant burning of vapors outside the test cup and can be potential fire hazards. See Appendix X1 and appendix X2 of the written standard for more information. Discontinue the test and remove the source of heat. Lift the lid and wipe the temperature measuring device bulb. Remove the test cup, empty, and wipe dry. If at any time between the first introduction of the ignition source and the observation of the flash point the rise in temperature of the specimen is not within the specified rate, discontinue the test, discard the result, and repeat the test, adjusting the source of the heat to secure the proper rate of temperature rise, or using a modified expected flash point, or both, as required. Never make a repeat test on the same specimen of sample. Always take fresh specimen of sample for each test.

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Duration: 5 minutes and 35 seconds
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Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
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Views: 5
Posted by: abuckmaster on Jul 17, 2018

D56_9 (16a) (1)

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