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[MUSIC PLAYING] All the planning and organizing in the world won't help improve ship security if you can't apply and implement what you've analyzed and planned. Security threats come in all shapes and sizes, with different intents, agendas, and motives. Not everyone who wishes to do us harm is a terrorist. Any unauthorized person with unauthorized access to a vessel has the potential for harm. Thief, hijacker, stowaway, vandal. Crew members and officers may be asked to modify their duties once a vessel security plan is in force. In general, they should heighten their awareness of security threats and issues, inspect and report malfunctioning security equipment, look for suspicious persons, objects, and activities, and perform any additional duties required by the vessel security plan. My advice is to be alert, vigilant. Make sure you have a good security plan on board. Make sure your people and your staff know who they're shipmates are. There will be different security measures required, depending upon the security level, which is set by the Port Authorities. The security plan will have a graduated table of responsibilities and duties which are appropriate to each security level. The three security levels are; level one, normal, everyday security measures that are maintained all the time. Level two indicates that terrorists may be active in a specific area, against specific types of targets, with no specific threat. Level three means that the risk of a specific attack is imminent. Another critical implementation is establishing restricted areas and controlling access to those areas. --that's where the steering is. That's where the steering gear is. That's really another place on a ship that you need to watch, is the steering gear, because people can actually steer the ship from back there with one radio on deck, telling them which way to go. These restricted areas may include, but are not limited to, the following; the navigational bridge, machinery spaces, including propulsion machinery, generators and electrical machinery, main and auxiliary steering gear, ventilation, and air conditioning systems, spaces with access to potable water tanks, pumps or manifolds, the cargo pump room. All restricted areas may be marked, indicating that the area has restricted access. These areas may also be monitored by patrolling security inspectors, electronic surveillance equipment, or automatic intrusion detection devices. A third set of protective measures involves controlling access to the vessel. When implementing protective measures, consider the following access points; all ship's ladders, gangways, and side ports, the adjacent piers and aprons, and any other particular access points identified in the ship security assessment. Depending upon the security level in force, various protective measures can be taken to limit access. For instance, at security levels two or three, increasing patrol and surveillance and tightening access procedures. Other heightened protective measures include locking weather deck access vents, storage lockers, and doors to normally unmanned spaces, limiting entry to the vessel to a minimum number of access points, coordinating with the waterfront facility to extend access control beyond the immediate vicinity of a vessel. Be cautious that you don't restrict access for emergency escape routes and other critical pathways into or out of the ship. Heightened security requires constant monitoring of deck areas and all areas surrounding the vessel. One highly effective aid to monitoring is simply putting more light on the subject. Vessels can coordinate improved lighting plans with waterfront facilities. So crew members not only can see better what's going on their own vessel, but also its surroundings. At level three, heightened protective measures for better monitoring include deploying security lookouts and patrols, the use of waterside boat patrols, and using divers for underwater inspection of the pier structures prior to the vessel's arrival, and/or upon arrival. Anybody that does not belong on a ship, you should challenge them. Ask them for their identification and the purpose of being on board a vessel. Controlling embarkation requires vigilance not just over who comes aboard, but especially, what comes aboard. Areas should be designated to inspect baggage, carry-on items, and personal gear. Protective measures for embarkation include verifying the reason people are coming on board, through a system of tickets, boarding passes, work orders, or other means. Positively identify all crew members, vendors, passengers, visitors, and other personnel prior to each and every embarkation. Inspect persons, baggage, and all carry-ons for prohibited weapons, explosives, and flammable materials. Assign personnel to guard all designated inspection areas. Finally, escort all vendors or other personnel providing essential services. Some of the times, they will escort you all the way from this point. They'll call and they'll get another able-bodied seaman, and he will escort you up to the house, so he knows you go directly to the house. You don't stop. You'll go down the engine room. You don't go to aft, to steering, and places like that. Because that's where it's basically off-limits to you. Supervising the handling of a vessel's cargo and its stores is crucial to identifying vulnerabilities and taking protective measures. If it was a security boarding, we would be walking amongst the containers and checking the seals. Because-- The Coast Guard is concerned about cargo security, especially since only a small percentage of the containers that come into the United States are physically inspected. Most of the time, we'd like to know more. Not only exactly what's in them, but also where they've been and where they're going. The critical part of that is actually when somebody takes it off the ship. When you see it in that truck, that truck driver-- that's when it becomes critical, because we don't know where it goes after it goes in a truck. Cargo operations, especially containerized cargo, are getting a lot of attention lately. New legislation is in the works to require so-called smart seals on containers, which allow better identification and tracking. For the time being, always verify non-containerized cargo against the manifest, verify container identification numbers of both loaded and unloaded containers against the manifest, and regularly inspect the vessel's stores and provisions. Verification and inspection can be accomplished by visual and physical examination by the use of scanning and detection equipment, from mechanical devices to specially trained dogs, and by coordination with the shipper, through established agreements and procedures. Essential communications include receiving security level status from port state authorities, notifying the authorities of security threats, breaches, or incidents, responding to port state instructions at security levels two and three, completing a declaration of security with a facility security officer, security communication links must be well maintained and interoperable, readily available for use and able to communicate at any time within the vessel itself to the waterfront facility and with the appropriate law enforcement agencies. The ISPS code requires a program of security training, exercises, and drills. Everyone, including the company's security officer, the ship security officer, personnel with security-specific responsibilities, and the rest of the crew, must have an appropriate level of training. All shipboard personnel must be aware of the three security levels, must know emergency procedures, how to recognize and detect weapons and dangerous substances, how to recognize suspicious behavior and techniques used to circumvent security procedures. Drills and exercises will ensure that shipboard personnel can perform their assigned duties. Drills, which focus on a specific element of the security plan, must take place at least every three months. Exercises, which test the ability to execute the entire ship security plan, must take place at least once every calendar year. These drills or exercises may be live, tabletop simulations, or combined with other emergency exercises. The United States Coast Guard has stated that it will vigorously pursue security inspections, including compliance with the new codes and procedures, as well as requiring records of training, drills, and exercises. Our control-- our Portside Control Program will be aggressively looking for problems in the security arena, and we are capping the ports around the country. We'll be analyzing each and every vessel that comes to the United States, looking for anomalies and security deficiencies. And if we find them, we're going to exercise control over that vessel, which will undoubtedly have an impact on the delay of the vessel, and undoubtedly cost the owner and operator of that vessel some money. So I would encourage the vessel security officers to make sure they revisit the requirements under the new international code and make sure that they comply before they head towards the United States. Although many of the challenges that threaten shipboard security are new and highly publicized, much of security is old business. Mariners have always treated safety as of the highest priority. Many of the procedures we've discussed in this program go beyond issues of protection or prevention. They're simply good seamanship. If crews and officers maintain an atmosphere of constant vigilance and continuous improvement, they can ensure both security and success.

Video Details

Duration: 13 minutes and 33 seconds
Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
Genre: None
Views: 6
Posted by: maritimetraining on Apr 23, 2018


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