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of God and gods

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If the general picture of a wherever Big Bang followed by an expanding universe is correct, what happened before that? Was the universe devoid of all matter and then the matter suddenly somehow created? How did that happen? In many cultures the customary answer is that God or gods created the Universe out of nothing.

But if we wish to persue this question courageously, we must of course ask the next question: Where did God come from? If we decide that this is an unanswerable question, why not save the step and conclude that the origin of the Universe is an unanswerable question? Or if we say that God always existed, why not save a step and conclude that the Universe always existed? There is no need for a creation that was always there. These are non easy questions Cosmology brings us face to face with the deepest mysteries, with questions that were once treated only in religion and myth. Who knows for certain? Who shall here declare it? Whence was it born? Whence came creation? The gods are later than this world's formation. Who, then, can know the origins of the world? None knows when creation arose or whether He has or has not made it, He who surveys it from the lofty skies. Only He knows. Or perhaps He knows not. These words are 3,500 years old. They were taken from the Rigveda, a collection of early sanscrit hymns. The most sofisticated ancient cosmological ideas came from Asia, and particularly from India. Here there is a tradition of skeptical questioning and unselfconscious humility before the great cosmic mysteries. Amidst the routines of daily life inside the harvesting, and the windnowing of grain, people all over the world have wondered Where did the Universe come from? Asking this question is the hallmark of our species. There is a natural tendency to understand the origin of the cosmos in familar biological terms, the meeting of cosmic deities, the hatching of the cosmic egg, maybe the intonation of some magic phrase. The Big Bang is our modern scientific creation, It comes from the same human need to sove te cosmological riddle. Most cultures imagine the world to be only a few hundred human generations old. Hardly anyone guessed that the Cosmos might be far older. But the ancient hindus did They, like every other society, noted and calibrated the cycles in nature, the rising and setting of the sun and stars, the phases of the moon, . the passing of the seasons All over South India an old ceremony takes place every January: a rejoicing in the generosity of nature in the annual harvesting of the crops. Every January , Nature provides the rice to celebrate Pongal. Even the rough animals are given a day off and garlanded with flowers. Colourful designs are painted on the ground to attract harmony and good fortune for the coming year. Pongal, a simple porridge with a mixture of rice and sweet milk, symbolizes the harvest, the return of the seasons. However, this is not merely a harvest festival. It has ties to an elegant and much deeper cosmological tradition: The Pongo festival is a rejoicing in the fact that there are cycles in nature. But, how can such cycles come about if it is not because the gods rule them? And if there are cycles in the years of humans, might there not be cycles in te eons of the gods? The Hindu religion is the only one of the great faiths dedicated to the idea that the Cosmos itself undergoes an inmense, indeed infinite, number of deaths and rebirths. It is the only religion in which the time scales correspond, no doubt, by accident, to those of modern scientific cosmology. Its cycles run from our ordinary day and night to a day and night of Brahma, 8.64 billion years long. Longer than the age of the Earth, or the sun and about half the time since the Big Bang. And there are much longer time scales still There is the deep and appealing notion that the Universe is but the dream of a god who, after a hundred Brahma years disolves himself into a dreamless sleep and the Universe disolves with him until after another Brahma century, he stirs, recomposes himself and begins again to dream the great cosmic dream. Meanwhile, elsewhere, there are an infinite number of other universes. Each with its own god dreaming the cosmic dream. These great ideas are tempered by another, perhaps still greater. It is said that men may not be the dreams of the gods , but rather than the gods are the dreams of men.

Video Details

Duration: 8 minutes and 33 seconds
Country: United Kingdom
Language: English
Director: Carl Sagan
Views: 200
Posted by: lolaceituno on Sep 26, 2012

Carl Sagan tries to explain the diffferent beliefs about the origin of Universe.

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