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CMC July18_Positive Psychology Well-being_Final

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>> Welcome back. In this lecture, we'll discuss another core concept of positive psychology, well-being. As coaches, we talk a lot about well-being from a health perspective like eating a well-balanced diet, getting a good night sleep, managing stress, and finding time for physical activity. But in this lecture, we're going to be looking at well-being from a psychological perspective. You can think of this as the roots of primary food. In positive psychology, there are two main types of well-being, hedonic and eudaimonic. Hedonic refers to a high level of positive emotion and life satisfaction. Simply put, hedonic well-being is gained through attaining pleasure and avoiding pain. Eudaimonic well-being involves feeling of self-acceptance, growth, mastery, life purpose, autonomy, and positive relations with others. Eudaimonic well-being is the joy and contentment that comes from the pursuit of meaningful fulfillment. A person who wins a poker tournament, for example, experiences hedonic well-being, while the glowing feeling of joy a person might experience after a deep meditation session is representative of eudaimonic well-being. Both of these types of well-being are important components of happiness as they complement one another to create a balanced life. Martin Seligman, the founder of positive psychology, put together, what he calls, the Well-Being Theory, also known as the PERMA model. The five components of this model which make up the acronym PERMA are positive emotions, engagement, positive relationships, meaning, and accomplishment. This model encompasses both hedonic and eudaimonic types of happiness. Let's take a look at each of these five building blocks of well-being in closer detail. One, positive emotions. This needs little explanation. This is that natural high you get from taking pleasure or enjoyment in something. Positivity is the best medicine. It builds resiliency and creates harmony in the mind, body, and spirit. Yet, negativity is so pervasive in our modern culture, and many of us are so busy with work and life responsibilities that we forget to create time for play and happiness. We can't be happy every day and every second of every day nor should we expect ourselves to be, but we can learn to embrace life with a positive attitude, which opens the door to experience more positive emotions. How can your clients experience more positive emotions throughout their day, even on a stressful day, especially on a stressful day? According to Barbara Fredrickson, an award winning professor and researcher, a mindset of positivity is created by being open, curious, kind, appreciative, and genuine. It's up to your clients to identify how they create more of these elements in their daily lives. Your job as their coach is to remind them that while they can't always control what happens in their lives, they can control how they respond to things. Well-being isn't just about enjoying the good times, it's also about finding hope and the silver lining in difficult times. You can teach your clients to practice gratitude, employ alternative perspectives, practice coping strategies, and look for the upside of every situation. Two, is engagement. This is about being mindful and living in the present moment. Anyone with a meditation practice will tell you that this is a vital part of well-being, but engagement is something that can't be practiced throughout your day. Have you ever read a book that was so good that you couldn't put it down? Hours would pass by, and you were so absorbed in the story, that you didn't even realize it or maybe you've experienced a time when you are exercising, and you were so focused and in the zone that it was as if the rest of the world had melted away. This type of phenomenon is what's referred to as a state of flow in positive psychology. When in a state of flow, a person is fully immersed in whatever activity he or she is doing, existing in a state of energized focus, enjoyment, and complete involvement in the activity. Basically, you're so completely absorbed, in a good way, that you lose sense of time and space. Researchers have identified 10 factors involved in the flow state. These are having a clear goal that's a challenging but attainable, intense focus and concentration on the activity, merging of awareness and action, loss of self-consciousness, a feeling of a mastery over the activity or situation, a feeling of timelessness or distorted experience of time, an intrinsically rewarding experience, lack of awareness of physical needs, a mechanism for immediate feedback, and a balance between level of ability and challenge. Note that not every factor must be present for an individual to experience a flow state. Anyone is capable of experiencing a state of flow at any time. You'll find that some of your clients find themselves in this space daily, whereas, others will have no idea how to connect to it. This list of factors can be useful for helping these disconnected clients identify activities that can be flow-inducing for them. Help your clients connect with this state by asking them to identify the things that they love to do and encourage them to do these things more often without guilt. You can even challenge them to schedule time into their calendars for these activities on a regular basis, treating them as legitimate priorities. Flow can be experienced in play but also in work. So you can encourage your clients to find ways to get into the zone at their jobs, so they can also enjoy their work more. Positive relationships. There's a strong connection between well-being and meaningful relationships. This holds true for both introverts and extroverts. You'll have clients who are social butterflies and clients who prefer to socially isolate. In either instance, it's important that they have positive relationships with people. This doesn't mean they have to have lots of close friends who they talk to and spend time with frequently, though it certainly can at its core, this is about having a social support, a feeling of social integration, and positive social connections. Spend time getting to know your clients on this level. Do they have at least one person in their lives who is a positive source of encouragement and support, someone that they can confide in and count on? Not everyone does. And in this case, you can teach them what these kind of relationships look like by demonstrating it with them while they're your client. You can be a positive support for them. This is powerful. Think about it. You may be a person still a mentor, cheerleader, or confidant. This is a tremendous experience to help another person and make a significant impact. And it's a reminder of why your authenticity and unconditional positive regard are so important. Do your clients feel like they have a place in this world? Do they feel adjusted to social situations and participating in society? You can teach your clients about the benefits of fitting out while encouraging them to find a group or community in which they do feel a sense of social identity and belonging. This can be anything from a religious or spiritual institution, sports team, book club, support group, political group, hobby club, gym really the possibilities are unlimited. Meetup.com can be a great tool for finding like-minded groups of people in your client's hometown or in nearby cities. Lastly, you want to check in with your client about his or her day-to-day interactions. How do they interact with people on the street, in line at the bank, with coworkers? Do they greet the people, they come across, with a smile and a hello? Or do they pass by people with little to no interaction? Are they warming conversational with store clerks, health professionals, and wait-staff, for example? Or are they often distracted by their phone or scowling at people? It's been shown that taking a positive attitude and interacting warmly with strangers can increase feelings of positivity throughout a person's day. A fun homework assignment can be to challenge your clients to flash a big smile to every person they come into contact with for one day. Then notice how they feel at the end of the day. You can help shy and socially awkward clients sharpen their social skills and practice putting themselves out there by modeling and role playing with them in a session, challenging them to make small talk with cashiers and receptionist, and teaching them all of the great active listening skills you've learned as a Health Coach. Four, meaning. You know the old saying, "Money can't buy happiness." Well, more specifically money can't buy eudaimonic happiness. There's no doubt that things like vacations, new clothes, fun, thrills, and nice things can bring you joy, but even a never ending abundance of hedonic pleasures will not bring a person complete overall well-being and satisfaction. A person in this position may feel very content at first, but eventually, they'll crave something deeper and more fulfilling. A sense of meaning in one's life is a critical component of overall well-being. It doesn't matter what that meaning is, just that it exists. Creating and finding meaning in life is a critical component of true happiness. Without purpose, complete fulfillment isn't possible, no matter how much material wealth or superficial joy a person may have in his or her life. What we're talking about here are things like loving and being loved, inspiring and being inspired, caring for other living beings and connecting with a higher power or spiritual belief system. What are the sources of meaning in your client's lives? How can you help them identify with, connect to, and expand these sources of meaning? Achievement. The final piece of the puzzle when it comes to well-being is about setting goals and experiencing accomplishments. Well-being isn't about coasting through life on the easiest path. A sense of mastery and the joy of overcoming challenges is an important part of creating overall life satisfaction. Working towards goals increases one's self-esteem and feelings of self-belief as well as building resiliency. Coaching is such a great form for your clients to satisfy their needs for achievement. A person doesn't need to complete a triathlon or write a bestselling book to experience a sense of accomplishment. Even little goals like cutting out soda or taking a 15-minute daily walk can help a person feel a sense of achievement. The size of the goal is less important than the frequency of having something intrinsically rewarding to work on. What do your clients want to achieve that will help them obtain more meaning in their lives? Be sure to also point out and help your clients recognize their achievements. Constant striving without recognition can have the opposite effect and create a feeling of unfulfillment. How can your clients start taking more credit for an acknowledgement of the wonderful things they do in life? A great little exercise to get them started thinking about their achievements is to challenge them to write down, in a journal, one thing they're proud of themselves for accomplishing at the end of each day. We've covered a lot of great information in this lecture so let's recap. According to positive psychology, there are two types of well-being, hedonic, which is based on the pursuit of pleasure and avoidance of pain and eudaimonic, which comes from a deeper sense of fulfillment and meaning. Both are necessary for a person to fully flourish. Well-Being Theory, commonly referred to as the PERMA model, explains the five aspects of happiness that comprise overall well-being. This model, created by positive psychology pioneer, Martin Seligman, consists of positive emotions, engagement, positive relationships, meaning, and accomplishment. Now let's consider your own happiness and well-being. Which components of the PERMA model do you feel fulfilled in? Which could use some more love and attention? Head on over to the Facebook group and let us know the source of your joy and fulfillment. We can't wait to read your comments. Thanks for tuning in, and we'll see you next time.

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Duration: 12 minutes and 9 seconds
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Language: English
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Posted by: integrativenutrition on Aug 21, 2018

Positive Psychology Well-being_Final

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