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NHT Day 07 04 SPP

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Well hello everyone, I'm just finishing up my afternoon snack if you'll pardon-- Oh my gosh, this stuff's infested. Ah! It's gonna be a mess to clean up. We're gonna need a mop, and a broom in here Aubrey. Wow. So, you know folks... My little play acting there-- sort of get a feeling for how some of your customers might react if they open a box of cereal or some snack mix, or something like that, and they find it totally infested with some product. I mean like, eww, gross. I wanna start off with a short video. Let's take a look. This happened to be somebody here at the learning center who opened a cabinet and found some stuff in it. Let's watch. So, again that was somebody here at the learning center. They put a jar of something-- those were nuts, some sort of nuts, in the back of their cabinet and forgot about them. And it was in a sealed glass container as you saw, but it was some low-level population that was in there. Got going. Now-- Ah, very good Eddy, I was going to ask that very question. So what were those things? Indian mealmoths was the correct answer. So, one of the things that we have to understand is that the stored product pest can affect-- infest, almost any plant product. Even some things that we normally wouldn't think of and I'll chat more about that in just a bit. And they can infest anywhere along that entire food chain. From the manufacturing, to the distribution, to the warehousing, or even in the home environment. Now they also will contaminate much more than they actually consume. Let's think about this. Suppose you buy a bag of dog food at the grocery store. You get the bag of dog food home and you find some little critters crawling around there, what are you gonna do? You take that bag back to the grocery store, get your money back. Well the grocery store then says "I don't want that lot sold." So they'll pull all of that lot there, because they don't want any more customers getting it home and finding it infested. So they'll pull all that lot of dog food and send it back to the distributor who then goes "You know I can't afford to have this stuff out there." So they'll recall that whole lot, and then it winds up being destroyed. Maybe it was just that one bag that was infested. Maybe not. So no one's gonna take a chance. They'll pull all of that shipment from the distribution chain. So let's look at our objectives for this module. We want to identify these different stored product pests and critical areas for locating them. And then we want to look at that customized IPM. By this point in time, this should be nothing new to you. And then review the service plan with the customer. Now, one of the things that you need to understand is that the stored product pests for the most part are really, really small little critters and sometimes they're hard to ID. So, it may be necessary for you to have a little hand lens, a little loop, usually ten to fourteen power. Just a little magnifying glass basically. But sometimes it may be necessary to collect some of them and take them back to the office. Please do not, do not, do not stick them on tape. You put something on some Scotch tape or something like that, it is just gonna break apart and make it really, really difficult, if not impossible to ID. I recommend that you get some of the little plastic containers like I'm showing here. And some rubbing alcohol and a Q-tip. Here's what you do. You leave the rubbing alcohol in its original container. If you put it in here, this is not airtight, it will leak and evaporate out of here. So when you need to, you put a little bit of alcohol in there maybe up around half way. And you get a Q-tip, because most of these things are fairly small, and you just wet the end of a Q-tip, and you just touch it to the little critter that you're trying to ID. It'll stick to the wet end of the Q-tip and you just swish it off in there and it'll fall right in there. Okay? So, don't stick them on tape. Coffee bean-- most of the time larva does a lot of the damage, that is correct Cory, they can. So please don't stick them on tape. Now I know when you were growing up folks, I know when you were growing up you all use to sit around and play this game. I-- you know, most everyone did. I think it's still a very popular game, and so I'm gonna give you an opportunity to revisit your childhood and play, the game called Name That Pest. Yes we all played it. We all loved it. Let's play Name That Pest, shall we? So, our first round in Name That Pest, is identify the Flour Beetle. Is it critter A, B, C, or D? Okay, let's see what you think. Most people think it's critter D and that would be correct. That is the Flour Beetle. Flour Beetle sort of has this tubular shape. Now there's a couple of different ones. There's the confused Flour Beetle and the Red Flour Beetle. A little entomological trivia for you. The look-- they look very similar. The beetle wasn't confused, to be called the Confused Flour Beetle, it was the entomologist who were confused as to whether or not it was a different species from the Red Flour Beetle. Well they just called it the Confused Flour Beetle, because they were confused. The beetle knew who it was all along. It wasn't confused in the least. So, a little bug trivia for you there. Now, the Confused Flour Beetle doesn't fly, where the Red Flour Beetle does. That's another way to identify those two. So that comes into play when we start our monitoring as to whether some of these things can fly or not. Okay, so, Cory in Forth Worth, do you have a question for me? Who's this thing? Okay, apparently Cory didn't. Okay, sometimes people accidentally hit the button. So, let's-- let's do round number two of Name That Pest. So let's take a look and tell me-- Identify the Saw-Toothed Grain Beetle. Is it A, B, C, or D? Hint, it's not B, that's the Flour Beetle. Don't choose B. It's not that one, so don't choose it. I hope that hint was helpful for you. So, Saw-Toothed Grain Beetle, most of you think that was D. I hope you're all using your pest ID guide and pocket references guides to ID these things. But, D would be correct. The Saw-Toothed Grain Beetle. Now the Saw-Toothed Grain Beetle is sort of interesting. It-- because it's fairly easy to identify. It's got these saw-like teeth on each side of its thorax. Remember it has a head, thorax, and abdomen. Those are the body parts on an adult insect. Head, thorax, and abdomen. Head, thorax, and abdomen. So... those little teeth, they look like the teeth on the saw, hence the very clever name. These bug guys are incredibly clever. They named it the Saw-Toothed Grain Beetle because it looked like it had the little saw teeth on it. Okay, Saw-Toothed Grain Beetle. Okay. You know I'd say the Saw-Toothed Grain Beetle, along with the Indian Mealmoth, are one of the ones you'll find most, in-- that you're gonna be dealing with. Okay? So, Saw-Toothed Grain Beetle. Now we're gonna go to the Cigarette Beetle. Hint, it's not A, that's the Saw-Toothed Grain Beetle. Hint, it's not C, that's the Flour Beetle. So don't choose A or C, it's not either one of them, so don't choose them. Again, I hope my hints are helpful for you. Looking at our results, oh two people-- One person chose A, and one person-- Two people chose C, in spite of the fact that I said it's not that one. Most people think it is B. Let's find out if you are correct. Yes, it is. Now the Cigarette Beetle and it's close relative the Drugstore Beetle, have the head pointed straight down. Straight down. So the mouth parts, you see the eyes at the very bottom. Its head is pointed down. Very unusual type of thing. Now the Cigarette Beetle and Drugstore Beetle look a lot alike. Except you notice those golden hairs all over the Cigarette Beetle? It sort of has that golden sheen about that. You will not find that on the Drugstore Beetle, but they're fairly common. Now, we call it a Cigarette Beetle because it would be feeding on tobacco, so it's commonly found it tobacco. Now Drugstore Beetle, interestingly enough, many of our early medicines were plant extracts. Plant materials. So, the Drugstore Beetle fed on a lot of these, hence the very clever name Drugstore Beetle. See, and you thought this was going to be boring. I give you all sorts of little trivia things. So, honey do you know where the Drugstore Beetle got its name? See? You have to do that voice. You know, you go home and tell your significant other, honey do you know-- gotta do that voice to go with it, it's all important. Okay, so, we've done a good job IDing the stored product pests. So, let's look at a couple of questions. Which statement about stored products pests is true? Most of them. Live and reproduce best at warm temperatures, infest during processing and storage, require food with high moisture content, or cannot survive at extreme temperatures? That's right John, insect Trivial Pursuit. Let's take a look at our results. Well most of you think that it's everything except C, and that would be correct. So, when we think about these things, they live and reproduce best at the temperatures we live at. So at the temperatures we're comfortable at, they're comfortable at. And as I mentioned earlier they can infest anywhere along the food chain. From processing or manufacturing, the storage, the transportation, to distribute-- to the grocery store, or the home environment. Anywhere along that food chain. They cannot survive at extreme temperatures, so heat and cold will kill them. And we'll chat more about that in just a couple of minutes. And they require food with a high moisture content? No, that is incorrect. Thinking about what they infest, they will infest things like flour, they'll infest cereal, they'll infest pasta products. These are not food-- foods with a high degree of moisture in them, so they-- most of them, do not require high moisture content. There are a couple that prefer that high moisture content, because they like food which is in bad condition, decaying condition, so... But most of them, do not like it. Now, let's say a homeowner is experiencing small beetles flying in the kitchen. The homeowner says that the beetles are seen most often, near a couple of specific cabinets. Okay, so we've got these near a couple of specific cabinets. What would you inspect next? Would you inspect the containers on the back of the shelves, older or open containers, inside sealed plastic containers like a Tupperware type of container, or products in the refrigerator? Where would you inspect? Let's take a look. Most of you say it is A and B, and that would be correct. So A and B would be correct. So if we're seeing some beetles flying around the kitchen or doing something around the kitchen, we would wanna look at containers on the back of the shelves, or older or open containers. But they would not be coming from inside a sealed plastic container such as a Tupperware type of container, or products in the refrigerator. Remember they do not do well at low temperatures, as you would find. Now, interestingly enough, we have to be aware of strange things. Now we often think of stored products pests just around the kitchen. And that's where we're going to find most of them, but sometimes they show up in unexpected places and we have to be a bit of a detective. For instance, around the fall of the year a lot of people will put decorative corn, ornamental corn, on their front door. Now, suppose towards the end of that season, they decide to take the corn down and go you know this stuff doesn't look that bad. I think I'll keep it for next year. I'll put it in a bag. If there was a stored product pest in that ornamental corn, well guess what, it could be coming from the area-- the stored product pests could be coming from the area where they store their holiday decorations. Some people have ornamental wheat in their home or dried flowers in their home. Guess what? Those are plant products. You could have stored product pests coming from a dry flower arrangement. I'll go you one better. Sometimes you'll find them in bathrooms and bedrooms. You think, why would they be in bathrooms and bedrooms? Well, some people have potpourri in their bathroom or bedroom. Something to make it smell nice, yeah, okay. Nice flowery scent. Yet guess what? Those products are plant. Those-- that potpourri is a plant product. Hmm. Yup. So sometimes you'll find them in strange things. One time when i was still with the Department of Agriculture, I got a call that I needed to go to the governor's mansion. The governor of the state of Georgia, because they were dealing with an infestation of a stored product pest and they didn't know where it was coming from. They asked me to come out and look at it. So I did. Turned out that the, first lady of Georgia, the governor's wife, had been collecting rose hips and dried flowers to make into little potpourri sashes so that they could give visitors to the governor's mansion a little, you know, going away gift. Just a little potpourri sashae. They were all infested with a stored product pest. So, key there was get rid of the stuff. Hmm. So strange things like that. So you have to play a bit of a detective from time to time. Now, what if a grocery store was having an infestation of Indian Mealmoths, and they're trying to pinpoint the source of the infestation, as well as get rid of the problem? So, Indian Mealmoths in a grocery store, where would you inspect next? The damaged items storage, dumpsters, dry goods, or under the shelving? Looking at our results, most of you say it is A, C, and D, and that is correct. So... Damaged items storage. So that bag of dog food that you remember, I started off talking about? Brought it home and it was infested. You took it back. Well they're going to take it to the damaged items storage area, where the store will then return it to the distributor for a refund. So you got your money back, well the store wants there money back too. They're gonna send that back to the distributor, to be credited. The dry goods area-- thinking about things such as beans and peas and pasta products, and you know, rice, all those things. Any of those cereals, can be infested as well. Now, under shelving, you think why under shelving? So let me explain what happened. So Stormy was in the grocery store the other day, and she picked up a bag of rice and dropped it, accidentally, and it bust open, rice everywhere. Well Stormy just went walking off. I'm making this up, but work with me. So Stormy went walking off-- this didn't really happen. So, she goes to the end of the aisle and looks back and goes, "Oh, someone dropped that." So, eventually the store management notices this, so somebody complains about it and they send Skippy the stock boy to clean it up. Well Skippy's you know, sort of in a rush, because he's suppose to get off in just a few minutes and you know, just does really sort of a quick cleanup. So he sweeps up most of it, but some of that stuff gets up under the shelving unit. And you can have infestations occurring like that. Again, that really didn't really happen with Stormy, but let's say it did. So, the shelving units in many grocery stores-- next time you're in the grocery store, bend down and look at the bottom of the shelving unit. They usually will have a kick plate in place, to prevent things from working their way under, but a lot of times the kick plate is damaged or doesn't fit quite properly. So when Skippy the stock boy was sweeping up that rice, some of that rice got up under that shelving unit. So, be aware of that. That can lead to an infestation. So go ahead and chat in, and tell me, what are signs of stored product pest infestation? Go ahead and give me a couple of signs. How do we tell if we have stored product pest infestation? Based on your pre-work. Oh Travis was ready. Holes in packaging. Damaged products. Webs or cocoons. Seeing the pests. Holes in products. Frass damaged products. Webbing. I think we have a good list. So some of the signs include seeing-- actually seeing them, live or dead pests, body parts or cast skins. Remember, insects have an exoskeleton. Their muscles are attached to their outer body wall. Ours-- we have endoskeleton. We have, you know, bones that our muscles attach to. But, they can only grow inside-- grow so big inside this, this little crunchy thing. So they cast that off and grow a new one, so the muscles can expand and grow. That's what cast skins are. And obviously their droppings, or holes in packages, spillage, damaged products, cocoons, or webbing. All of these things, all of these things can be, can be problems. So I wanna go back. Let me just-- bare with me a second. I wanna show you that video again. I wanna show you the video again. Let's take a look again, and I want you to pay attention to what's going on in here. So let's watch. So you're seeing a lot of webbing on top of what-- on top of the nuts. They had-- have a lot of webbing in there. They were flying around. You saw some of the larva. So, what happened really, it was just a very, very low-level infestation, and it got started and grew. Now, we just came from the holiday season a few months ago, and suppose during that holiday season you made grandma's special secret fruitcake. You know, our family recipe passed down from generation to generation, and you had a little bit of stuff left over from that, because it's stuff you normally don't use. Dried fruit and certain types of nuts or whatever, that goes into grandma's secret fruitcake. Well, you had a little left over and you decide "Well I don't wanna throw it out, I might use it for something," so you'll stick it on the back of a shelf, in the bag that it came in. Well if it had that really, really low-level infestation, that infestation is gonna keep going and going and going, and that's what happened with those nuts, in that video. So it just kept expanding be-- and then they started flying around getting other places that they normally wouldn't get. So, that's how these infestations get started. Now, one of the other-- I love to cook. Cooking is something that I enjoy doing, and I have a lot of spices. Now, Stormy thinks that butter is a spice and gravy is a beverage. That's how extensive her cooking is. Not really, I'm making that up too. So, I have a lot of spices. And spices if you cook, you know that, they can be rather costly. So you may have a customer in a home environment, a residential situation, that says "How do I know it's infested, should a throw it out?" Here's what you can do. You could throw it in a freezer for a week or two. If there's anything in there at a low level, it would be killed out. And then you would always store it in a tight container, something with a friction lid, a glass jar, or something like that where they couldn't get in or out. Okay so, butter is a spice and gravy is a beverage to her. Mm, delicious. So-- So you can freeze things. You could also heat them up, but heat can damage some products or alter their characteristics. For instance, you would not want to heat a bunch of dried corn. Why not Jim? Because you'd make popcorn out of it. Poof, you'd have popcorn all of a sudden. So, keep that in mind. So, you know, some of the things that we have to do, some of the things that where-- there's too many to name Brad.There's too many to name. So, one of the things that we have to understand is this concept of searching out the source, SOS. Now for the commercial folks there's another SOS called-- Scope of service, that's something different. But here, with stored product pests, we have to find what they're infesting, where these things are coming from, and get rid of that, okay? So when we look at these things, we have to have customer involvement. So customer involvement includes things such as-- let me get to the slide. Customer involvement includes things such as looking for things that are infested. So cultural tools, this is something that we have to have the customer involved with, if we're going to have a successful IPM plan. So, we look for damaged product. And this is on the commercial end of it. It's on the residential end of it. So shake the package and see if anything falls out or holes as you see here, looking for odors or moisture or something. You know, webbing in products. Hopefully you'll never see something this heavily infested. This is actually a bag of cornmeal that is at-- here at the learning center in our demonstration house out back. Fully functional house. You've seen videos of it. You saw a video of it this morning. It's an actually fully functioning house that no one lives in. But we have stored product pests in there that we let live. Looks like someone took a load of bird shot and just fired it at that package. Yeah, a lot of, a lot of little pinholes in there. Yup, that's exactly it. Looks like bird shot in there. So, so any holes in the packaging-- Hopefully you won't see something this infested in somebody's environment. But, you know, what do you do with this stuff? Well get rid of it. If there's something infested, you don't try to salvage it, you get rid of it. You take it to the dump, you put it in a plastic bag, and take it to the dumpster. In a residential environment, you do the same thing. Wrap it in a plastic bag and out it goes. So, sanitation and prompt cleanup, is important. And spillage is important whether it's that-- that bag of rice that worked its way under the, the shelving unit in a grocery store from, you know, Skippy the stock boy not cleaning up adequately. Or you know, suppose if you've had kids at home, you know that kids can be-- food can wind up in strange places with small kids at home. You know, all of a sudden, the little bowl of Cheerios that they were eating suddenly gets flung across the room or some crackers gets flung across the room and can wind up behind a refrigerator or stove. So cleanup might involve pulling appliances and things like that. It could also involve removing everything from a shelf in a home-- home environment. And you know just, vacuuming those shelving units out. And the same thing can apply in a commercial setting. That grocery store, we might have to disassemble that shelving unit and get, get it cleaned. Now... So when we look at the commercial end of it, we need to inspect things before we store them. So, I don't know why we're showing insulated cups here. Food products, you know, if there's anything infested we look at it before hand before it goes on the shelf, okay? Before it goes on shelf. So, some of you have chatted in about first in, first out, and rotating products. That's exactly what you need to do. Product rotation. They-- there you see the science behind the why. We know that these things don't progress that fast. They're not that fast developing. So if something can get, in and out of the food chain quickly by rotation, it never becomes a problem, but if that one bag of dog food sits on the back of the shelf and new product is stored in front of it, something that might be a very, very low-level infestation, not really noticeable, could become a big problem within a short period of time. So this concept of first in, first out-- So our understanding of the life cycle teaches us that it takes time for these things to develop. And the longer something sits on a shelf, the more likely it is that the pest could complete it's life cycle. So, first in, first out. So, again, if anything's infested, it needs to be thrown away. Put in plastic bags and discarded. Salvage is not an option in this case. So salvage is not an option. You can't recondition this stuff, so it's not gonna happen. Okay. Okay, now, one of the things on the commercial end of it that we can do to, to help alert us when these things occur, is the use of monitors. Now monitors can tell us certain information. They can tell us, what we're dealing with, and some other things. Now, here you see some diamond traps. Why are they called diamond traps? Has nothing to do with the Orkin diamond in this case. But, it really is just a little glue board. Does have that diamond shape. Again, very clever name. Okay, so these are going to be useful in trapping some critters. Okay. Now, those things are usually not used in the home environment. They look sort of ugly. And I don't think too many customers want to see this thing, even though we think-- they think "Oh, diamond on it." Yeah, red, okay. No, they're large and unattractive, no one wants them in their home, so-- Now traps, like we talked about when we were talking about cockroaches, these monitoring devices are not going to eliminate an infestation by themselves. Okay, they will not. Now I mentioned earlier about... the Confused Flour Beetle and the Red Flour Beetle, that ones flies and one doesn't. Obviously, if you're trying to capture something that doesn't fly and we're hanging it up high, it's not gonna work. They can't get there, so we would need to hang it down low. Low, okay. So, understanding which critter we're dealing with, can have an impact on where we hang something, and where we place our monitors. Okay. Okay. So, a lot of times we are going to use pheromone lures. Now pheromone lures-- and we talked a little bit about pheromones in the ant class. So chat in as a refresher, to help me catch up, and tell me, what is a pheromone? Okay, animals communicates and traps, to communicate. Yeah, so that's, that's good.. So it attracts insects. Okay. So, sex-- the most common type is a sex pheromone. Now sex pheromones-- here's the problem with them. They're really good, but there's two limitations with them. They attract only the male, so therefore you're only seeing half of the pest population. You are not seeing the full. Remember, you're only attracting males, therefore you're only going to see half of them. And they are specific to each pest. So, you must correctly identify which pest you're dealing with if you're gonna use the correct pheromone. Aubrey, can we go over to the document camera please? So here we have some pheromones. These bullet lures as they're commonly called. Most of these are for stored product pests. There's a couple for fabric pests, like the Clothes Moth and Hide Beetle and things like that, but they're different. So if I am trying to find, one of a Rice Weevil and I use one for an Indian Mealmoth or you know, an Almond Moth, it's not gonna work. So they are very, very specific to the individual pest that you're dealing with. Now there are a couple out there that are-- let me just do this. Hold on one second. Okay. This is a multi-species lure, so it attracts several different pests. So, it'll attract a couple of different ones. If you're not sure exactly, you can use these things, the multi-species lure, but they're not that common. Most are specific to an individual pest. So, even if you're using a multi-species lure, it has to be one of the ones that is in there, so be aware of that. Now there's, another limitation on these things, they only last for about ninety days, so they do have to be replaced periodically, it's not, you know, they last forever. Now there's another concept called mating disruptors. Now mating disruptors work a little bit different. A mating disruptor overwhelms the ability of the males to find the females. Here's what I mean by that. Suppose you were-- had a visual impairment, you couldn't see, and you were able to walk into a room, and find your significant other by the cologne or perfume that they were wearing. You could go, "Ah, they're over there," and you could find them. Now suppose you walked into a room, looking for your significant other, and everybody in that room had on that same cologne or perfume. You wouldn't be able to find them, based on that, because it would overload your ability to locate your individual someone, okay. So Micheal says, "where would you place it?" Micheal you would place it in the trap itself. So it'd go right in the bottom here and it would attract them that way. So you have to understand that, that these sex lures, these pheromone lures are useful, but they do have limitations. Hold on one second. Here's what I was talking about Micheal. Let me get back to that picture for you. There you see that, that-- the pheromone lure. The, little bullet lure, right there at the bottom of it, okay? Hopefully that answers your question for you. Okay, let me get caught up here. Now, when we place things out to monitor, we have to understand that we place them in a grid strategy, okay? They are placed in a grid strategy. Here's how it works. The pest are-- pardon me. The best are gonna go to the lure that is nearest to them. So, stored product pests are gonna travel to the nearest one. So if we place them out in a grid strategy, and only a few have pests trapped in them, then the chances are very good that the infestation is going to be near those traps. So in order to do that, we see that the one in the middle right, has activity. We would then go in and place additional monitors around that site. Now one of the things that you have to see, that you see there, conduct detailed 3D inspection. We've chatted about this before-- is, we like to look for pests and inspect form eye level down, it's easy. We look eye level down. We get tired, our head drops. Okay, it don't go back up, it takes more energy, our head drops. So naturally we like to look for pests from here down, it's easy. Harder to look up., it takes more energy. But a lot of pests can be up high, so we have to learn to think in 3D. So if we had this situation, we would want to place in a 3D mindset, additional monitors around that. Again, depending on what pests we're dealing with. Now your self study guide detailed instructions for using monitors and setting up trap grid placements to help you pinpoint these areas, so make sure you look at that. So, if we were to do this, here's what we might find. We might find that they would be to the right of that original placement and perhaps up a little bit. So our control efforts would be aimed at those locations. So again, refer to your self study guide on how to use these things, okay? Now... I want to get to one thing, as we're running out of time, why do we use chemicals as a last resort? Chat that in for me. Why do we use chemicals as a last resort? Could contaminate the food of the customer, yeah. Could contaminate-- food contamination. IPM, you're right, they taste bad. Oh, I don't know what you mean. Toxicity, okay. So when we look at these things, remember... We have to-- we're gonna be applying this stuff around food, and we have to be very, very careful. We have to be very, very careful when making applications around food. So in a commercial setting we would want to remove product and clean the shelving. We want to treat with IGRs. And then we can also, if labeled, treat with some sort of residual product. So we have to again, understand what we're dealing with, what these things are going to be in, and the best place-- ways to control them. So clean-- and this applies to the home environment was well. So you remove all the food out of the cabinet, have the homeowner vacuum the cabinet out, get that vacuum attachment out-- and you know the one that, you know, can clean small areas, and you're cleaning that shelving. You're getting all the cracks and crevices in there. And then you can treat with IGRs and residuals. So again, you know, some things you can freeze... if it's a, you know, home environment. But again those shelving units really can be a problem because things tend to, get up under them. Now, one other caution, you need to pay very close attention to it, I've mentioned this before, make sure that the product that you're using is labeled for that purpose. So make sure that you can use this in a grocery store setting, whatever you intend on using. So, you should have talked to your branch of service manager about individual products that you are using, in your environment, for stored product pests. So, if you're looking at controlling an infestation in the grocery store are, are focus is a little bit different than in a food processing plant. So in a grocery store, obviously you're trying to locate the source of the infestation and control it. So is it in that bag of cereal or is it in a bag of dog food? Is it in a bag of flour or a bag of rice? So you need to find out what they're coming from, and control the problem and then monitor regularly. But in a food processing facility we have to understand that the-- the pressure, the pest pressure, is a continuous issue. There you're trying to limit the introduction, and then treat with IGRs and sex pheromones, so you can monitor the situation. So you wanna limit the introduction and then, you know, have this monitoring program, that you will know if something gets in there, and catch it early so that it does not become a big problem You know one time I had the experience, after I retired from the Department of Agriculture, to spend the day at a frozen food warehouse looking for stored product pests, in cheese cake. So I was dissolving, restrainer cheesecakes, under running warm-- running water. Frozen cheesecakes under roll-- warm running water, in an attempt to find a stored product pest, because one person in a restaurant, had reported stored product pests in there. So this whole warehouse full of frozen cheesecakes sat there and could not be used or distributed, because one person reported an infestation. So, that restaurant did not want to get a reputation of serving cheesecakes that was infested, with this. So, you can have people come in, and we can provide a service like that under certain conditions to examine this to see if there's something there. Oh, can I put the slide back up? Okay, surely. So you wind up with these things, you know, one reported stored product pest can tie up an awful lot of food. An awful lot of food. And result in lawsuits. "You sent me infested stuff." "No it was baked in there." "No, it was from the menu." Yeah Lee, whatever, okay? So hopefully that's, that's got the information for you now Lee. Okay, let's look at a couple of review questions as we wind up our hour together. Is this true or false? One type of sex pheromone Lure can be used for all types of stored product pests? I do not Eddy... although I was in this business up in New York many years ago. Looking at our results, yeah most people are saying it's false. Remember, they are very, very specific to the individual pest. So the answer would be false. One type of sex pheromone lure is not going to work on all of them. So remember folks, you have additional assignments in your self study guide to practice. So communication with a customer, like we were talking about this morning during the flea module, it's very, very important in order for them to understand their part in this IPM process. So let them know what they can expect as a result of it, of dealing with this. When you're dealing with this situation, communication is the key, as it is for all of our ser-- you know, that's again, going back to, what we originally talked about. The customers expect us to be informative. That's one of the key characteristics that our customers expect for us. So they want to know what you saw, what you did, what they need to do, and what they can expect as a result of this situation. Now, when you think about this, you know we go in there and we advise them to clean up and clean out. And maybe they do a good job of that and we go in there with our lures and perhaps some residual material. But you know, it could be possible that they might continue to see a few of the pests for several days after the service, since maybe some of the adults have not yet encountered the product that we might have put out. Okay, so again that communication is so, so important, when you're dealing with these pests. Okay, now, as we wind up the module-- let me get to something here. If we had an infestation in a grocery store, where would we focus our attention on? Infestation in a grocery store. Would we look under the gondola shelves? Those are the shelving units, for some reason they're called gondola shelves. Older Products on the back of the shelves, checkout lines or stockroom where the items are stored? Well most people agree, it would be everywhere except under the check-- except the checkout lines. And that's true to a great extent, however you can have pest infestations around checkout lines and we're gonna chat more about this on Friday. The commercial folks, when we talk about, you know, do our virtual inspection, our almost live inspection. But remember checkout lines have impulse purchases at the end. You can have, you know, candy and gums and chips, and things like that-- "Mommy, mommy, I want this." "Okay, throw it in the cart." Okay, then give the little kid some crackers or something like that. You can have those impulse purchases, they can there, but you would be more focused on other items such as the stockrooms, older products, and under the shelving units themselves. Okay. Okay, so what are some signs to look for, when you're dealing with these pests? Is it live or dead pests, body parts, frass, packages in hole-- packages in holes, holes in packages, or webbing? I think most of you are in agreement that it's a little bit of all of them, and that is correct, so it is a little bit of all of them. Okay folks, that is it for today. I will be back with you tomorrow morning at ten o'clock eastern time for bees and wasps. And I'll give you information about. what goes on from there for our residential folks and our commercial folks. So, go solve somebody's problems and I'll see you tomorrow morning at ten. Bye.

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Posted by: rbanderas on Dec 20, 2016

NHT Day 07 04 SPP

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