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Ethics and Animal Rights with Sônia T. Felipe

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Now we are going to begin our lecture about Ethics and Animal Rights with Dr. Sonia Felipe The title of this lecture is Ethics and Animal Rights We are used to hear that we need ethics in government, in politics, in our society, in the family. But, until recently, we haven’t heard that it was also not necessary to have ethics in the way we treat animals or ecosystems. Therefore, this subject is something quite new in our culture and also something new in our mind and in our concepts we have in our mind to deal with them. There are roughly 200 years since philosophers began to address the issues of ethics in practical life and the question of "how to be ethical?" They proposed the following question: does it make sense, or is it possible to argue that we are ethical in relation to human beings and, at the same time, defend that we do not need to be ethical in any way with respect to any animal? This was a practical question that philosophy put for us and in the last 200 years we have a production quite intense and mature trying to find answers to this question. The human choices on food, leisure, entertainment, consumption and medicaments, for example, have implications in the quality of life of all species on the planet, risking that life even ceases to exist. In a kind of innocence that no longer fits, we deal with the conditions of life of others and the conditions to continue life on this planet as something that we can manipulate, use, exploit, for the benefit of human affairs. Neither of these practices, nevertheless, demonstrate the ethical respect for life. They reveal an unacceptable inconsistency: what we do with the lives of others we do not allow to do with ours. Thus we have two weights and two measures to deal with the same valuable object: life. There is no ethics, no justice, when we have two weights and two measures to deal with the same issue. The moral in which we were brought up is very old. It came at a time when we felt right to enslave humans to accumulate wealth. It continued to be modulated over time when it was considered right to deprive women of freedom and to deprive them to learn and perform activities that were not related to procreation and house care. his same morality continues to be held in our time, in which we judge to be correct to destroy ecosystems and enslave animals, or even exterminate their lives, to accumulate benefits for humans. Following this path, morality eventually become full of what I have been calling wrinkles, folds, creases and folds. I'll talk about some of these creases that end up distorting our moral conception. To get out these folds or creases is a challenge that our human trajectory present to us. Using the veil of traditional morality gives us the illusion of protection against evil. We just think: if our ancestors judged this or that as right, it can not be true that they were wrong, so who must be wrong are those who question such values​​. In this logic, we continue to follow them morally without thinking about building a strong argument to justify what we do today, regardless of the justification that our ancestors had to do things the way they did. To use the argument that "we do certain things because so did our ancestors” makes us fall into the traditionalist fallacy. A mistake of the mind that appeals to authority and puts in place the authority, in fact, just the repetition of the same habit. Not even the authority is there. It's just repeating a repetitive habit just by saying that, if has been repeated for so long, it can not be wrong. Then we conclude that must be wrong who is questioning these values. Appeal to the ancestors can be misleading because they also did many abhorrent things. For example, they kidnapped Africans and sold to owners of crops and marketers in America and Europe. Killed the occupants of the lands that we occupy today. They forced intelligent women to spend their lives without being able to make any political or economic activity. They killed those who did not profess their faith. They forbade their sons and daughters to marry youngs from other countries, other races, other religions. They killed, hunted, prepared traps, and tortured animals to test products and, never, any of these practices served to benefit the animals affected by them. Deforested the largest areas of the planet to plant soybeans and cereals to give food to imprisoned animals. Contaminated soil, water and air and destroyed the ozone layer that protects us from the sun's rays causing thawing of the polar ice cap. Fabricated animals as if they were plastic cups reducing their lives to a few days, or months, and gave them to eat a prepared food so that they would gain body mass in a short time at the expense of their health, destroying a normal biological cycle. Our ancestors did horrible things, didn’t they?

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Duration: 2 hours, 48 minutes and 21 seconds
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Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
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Views: 8
Posted by: leoh on Apr 2, 2015

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