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Nanofactory Animation

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Productive Nanosystems from molecules to superproducts on a production made possible by a Challenge Grant from Mark Sims and Nanorex Inc. future advances in molecular nanotechnology will enable desktop appliances to manufacture products far better than today´s best the cartridges to the left supply simple raw materials to the machinery inside here shown in schematic form products emerge from the top of this box which holds the hardest in manufacturing system each product is built from beneath, layer by layer by billions of tiny machines all working together near the top suface is the productive machinery itself organized into layers the machines in the lowest layer process molecules into building blocks passing it upward to machines that assemble them into larger components and then to machines that add these components to the product from a milimiter scale, one million nanometers, our view zooms in to the ten-nanometer scale each box is one tenth of the size of the one before here, at the molecular scale, nanomachines make small building blocks from molecular raw materials the first machines sort molecules by their size and shape passing some, rejecting others only molecules of the right kind can enter the processing machinery these molecules contain four atoms two of carbon and two of hydrogen the molecues bind to a device that carries them to the next stage then, a rotating mechanism swings tool tips into contact with the bound molecules each tip presses a molecular tool against the molecule, binding it firmly the tools shown here have been analysed using advanced quantum chemistry techniques another tool moves in from the left to remove the hydrogen atoms leaving a pair of carbon atoms exposed and ready to use the tools then carry these atoms to their destination where each pair bonds to a nanoscale building block making a tiny bit of crystaline carbon a bit of dyamond motions happen quickly at this scale this scene shows motion slowed by a factor of more than a million a conveyor carries the blocks passed through the machines which build the blocks step by step to full size elsewhere, other specialized machines build blocks of different kinds a system of conveyor belts and transfer mechanisms carries completed blocks from where they are made to where they are needed this transfer mechanism moves blocks from one belt to another the transportation system carries many different kinds of blocks different shapes, different materials, different functions it delivers them to the next stage of manufacturing here, a programable machine lifts and places small blocks to make larger blocks the small blocks bond on contact to form components containing millions of precisely arranged atoms these can be simple structured bricks or intricate components from mechanical and electronic systems the completed components are delivered to the final assembly stage where many machines work together to build the final product motions at this larger scale are still quick this scene shows motion slowed by a factor of ten thousand at the base of each machine a transfer mechanism grabs components and lifts them from a conveyor each is flipped around then carried up to the under side of the product under construction finally, machines lift the components and plug them in place adding layer after layer to the bottom of the product when the last layer is finished and construction is complete the product is ready to be removed and used the result of this production run is an atomically precise multiprocessor laptop computer with a billion times more processing power than today´s best the only waste products are warm air and pure water

Video Details

Duration: 4 minutes and 56 seconds
Country: United States
Language: English
Genre: Animated
Views: 211
Posted by: saulo on Aug 26, 2010

A nanofactory is a proposed system in which nanomachines (resembling molecular assemblers, or industrial robot arms) would combine molecules to build larger atomically precise parts. These, in turn, would be assembled by positioning mechanisms of assorted sizes to build macroscopic (visible) but still atomically-precise products.

A functioning nanofactory could create virtually any product at the cost of only the input raw material and energy.

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