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He began his career as a Baptist preacher, but went on to lead a sweeping grassroots effort to end racial discrimination, known as the Civil Rights Movement. Along the way, Martin Luther King Jr. made history and emerged as one of the most influential leaders of the twentieth century. Before the Civil Rights Movement began, segregation policies known as the Jim Crow laws kept African Americans in a separate and generally inferior world from Whites. African Americans went to separate public schools ate in separate restaurants and even had to use separate public restrooms. They had to sit in the back of buses and give up their seats to any White people standing. But in 1954 Jim Crow suffered a stunning defeat: The Supreme Court declared that separate schools for Blacks and Whites were inherently unequal in a case called “Brown v Board of Education.” The following year, in Montgomery, Alabama, a tailor’s assistant named Rosa Parks refused to give up her bus seat or a white passenger. Parks was arrested, but Martin Luther King organized a full-fledged boycott of the Montgomery city bus system. Thirteen months later, the buses integrated. The Montgomery boycott inspired more efforts to end segregation. In 1963, King and other Civil Rights leaders organized the March on Washington. More than 200,000 people came to the nation’s capital to demand equality for Blacks and to urge Congress to pass pending Civil Rights laws. Standing at the base of the Lincoln memorial, King spoke the words: "I Have a Dream today" describing his hope for a future in which all men would be brothers. The Civil Rights movement was changing the nation In 1964 Congress passed the Civil Rights Act which made racial discrimination in public places illegal. The same year, King was awarded the Nobel Peace prize On April 4th, 1968, Martin Luther King was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. But the movement he helped to lead lived on, inspiring other groups, such as Hispanics, women, and the disabled to fight for equal treatment under the law and completed King’s legacy of a greater social justice for all Americans.

Video Details

Duration: 2 minutes and 34 seconds
Country: Andorra
Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
Genre: None
Views: 21
Posted by: babygurrl37 on May 19, 2016


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