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Fire In Port - The Ship Shore Interface

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[WAVES LAPPING] Team One, Fire Team One, from the ship inside of their area, of we still have reports of two people missing. A shipboard fire is among the most severe emergencies mariners can face. And if that fire erupts in port, officers and crews face added challenges. You have more resources to help fight the fire. But you also have new roles and new responsibilities. We have crews coming out to assist. Is that our only access? Yeah, that's only access. Other side-- [MUSIC PLAYING] Fighting fires in port tests more than your knowledge of fire safety. This program is about the communications process too. Both the ship and the shore want to put fires out quickly and safely. But sometimes, they have different ideas about how to do it. I think the captain, at this point in time, has to be aware that the firefighting resources from the local departments will be very, very anxious to help, but won't have much of an idea of how they can help. You'll have a much better firefighting evolution if you can get the people on the ship to share their information with the people on the shore. And that's really a critical link. Fire in Port, The Ship-Shore Interface, is in four parts, communicating effectively, the fire plan and its importance, the incident command system, and coordinating the ship-shore response to the fire. There not a whole lot of firemen that want to be a marine firefighter because they're not the friendliest fires that we can face. Do you have a mate who can help him? We'll follow the action in an actual ship-shore fire exercise, and hear expert commentary from some of the key players, including the United States Coast Guard, which monitors fire safety practices in American ports. I think it was Teddy Roosevelt that said that certainly in a crisis, the best decision is the right decision. The second best decision is a wrong decision. And the worst decision is no decision. Our focus here is on the ship side of the ship-shore interface. What's different about fighting a fire when you're in port? What's the same? And what should you do? A fire emergency on a ship at sea is different from a fire emergency on a ship in port in two important ways. First, in the case of a fire in port, the local community may be able to offer additional resources, search and rescue, medical assistance, and firefighting from both the land and water sides. Second, the fire on your ship endangers that community, the dock facility, and the navigation channel or waterway. It's smoke. In any fire emergency, immediate reporting of the fire and sounding of the alarm are critical. Within minutes, the crew should be mustered, assigned stations, and begin their standard firefighting procedures from size up, through search and rescue, and ultimately attacking the fire itself. What's different about a fire in port is that, for the captain and the other officers especially, reporting the fire is only the beginning of the communications process. Yeah, this is the Captain on Vessel Belinda. We have had an explosion. And there's a huge fire raging in the four [INAUDIBLE] store right now. Incident notification should be immediate. Inform the proper authorities onshore. Seek out additional resources for help. And respond to the concerns of the shore-side officials. When you're in port, your list of emergency contacts expands dramatically, beyond the usual owners, operators, agents, and insurers. You should have a current list, or quick access to a list, of the local contacts as well, fire and police agencies, emergency service agencies, port authorities, local governments. Chief [? Endina, ?] come in. OK, can we send the fire department up to the cargo office, please? Depending on the severity of the incident, you may need other resources as well, cleanup companies, towing companies, salvage companies, the Pilots' Association. Chief Officer of the Belinda from Longview, Engine One. Yes, go ahead. We have arrived on your ship and we would like you to meet with us and tell us what your problem is. When we're fighting fires in buildings, the buildings basically stay in place in one spot. When we're doing a ship vessel fire, that vessel can move on you. It can list on you. It can sag on you. It can hog on you. It does a lot of things that buildings aren't going to do. The fire is still out of control. As critical as a shore-side firefighter's lack of experience with maritime fires is a lack of specific information. That's where the true interface between the ship and the shore must begin, with communications and teamwork. Communication is a real big thing. And the vessel crews have just a wealth of knowledge. They know the vessel. They know the spaces. They know the equipment they have on board. They know what products they're carrying. And the major hurdle that we need to overcome is to get the communication between those people on the ship and the people on the shore. Communication, it sounds so simple, doesn't it? The shipside talking to the shoreside. But try it in a real emergency. That's why there's already a piece of communication in place to help you. It specifically tells the shoreside firefighters how to come aboard your ship and help you fight a fire. It's the ship's fire patrol plan. That's the entrances. We have got an entrance. Shoreside firefighters like to know what they're getting into even before they board your ship. This has got ventilation. Give us a mental picture of where that fire is and then where the crew is. And they meet us at the gangway. That would be the greatest help of any crew that we could get. A well-prepared crew should meet the shoreside firefighters on the gangway with a copy of the fire plan in hand. The fire plan should be weather-proofed and stored in a clearly-marked container in case you're not there in person to deliver it. Is that ventilation on right now? The fire plan gives firefighters the layout of the ship, location of fire stations and fire suppression systems, hose stations, ventilation systems, and the structural features built into the ship to keep fires at bay. Few things you do during a fire in port are as critical as simply meeting with your shoreside counterparts as soon as possible, briefing them as fully as possible, and reviewing the fire control plan. When you meet with the shoreside firefighters, be prepared also to give them a crew list and status. Is everyone accounted for? Inform them of any hazardous or special cargo, where the extinguishing systems are and their status, and the location of the International shore connection. It is a good practice to keep a copy of the latest crew list, stability condition, and hazardous cargo list, along with the fire plan outside of the crew accommodation. You have commenced boundary cooling. Make sure your onboard training incorporates the fire plan, the international shore connection, and all the other communications that need to go from ship to shore during an emergency. Most shoreside firefighters, and that's who we're going to call on, do not know their way around ships, do not know the complexities of it. And of course, then you have to integrate the firefighting operations side into the incident command system. And firefighting is certainly a big part of that. But you also have the potential for major pollution case. You have the potential for loss of life. You have the potential for catastrophic failure of the vessel. And firefighters aren't used to dealing with that. They're used to, in this area, dealing with structural fires. At this point, we have a fire in the engine room on this container vessel. In a United States port, shoreside firefighters will use the incident command system, or ICS, to manage their emergency response activities. To understand the interface between the ship and the shore in an emergency, you need to understand the Incident Command System. ICS helps create order out of disorder. And even in a small emergency, the principles of incident command can help you organize your people and organize your effort. We use the Incident Command System in the Unified Command for all of our major incidents now. And it doesn't make any difference if it's a search and rescue case or a pollution case or a fire. That system is very good at putting the trained people in the key section chief job. And it does a very good job of feeding the right information so that you can make the real timely decisions. The Incident Command System organizes the crisis response into five key areas. Command, which makes all response decisions. Operations, which carries out the action plans. Planning, which collects information and allocates resources. Logistics, which provides facilities, services, and material. And finance, which handles financial and cost analysis. The Coast Guard and most of the emergency response agencies in the United States are going to the ICS. If they know that, then they know all they have to do is look for the incident commander or the operation section chief. And if they can contact those people-- it may be chaotic with a lot of people running around, but they understand the ICS system and they know who to ask for, chances are that they can establish communications a lot better. Often, the shoreside incident commander will form a unified command with the leaders of the other agencies and the ship's captain to better manage the fire emergency. The unified command will meet together at a central command post, which may be on the ship or on the shore. You may find it hard to leave your ship in an emergency. Likewise, the local fire chief may want to control his team from the shore. I think it's realistic that the captain probably would not want to come off, at least not initially. And so for the land-based firefighters, that creates another communication challenge. They have to communicate with that master. But at the same time, they're probably going to be staging their operation on the shore. Operations requesting assurance that-- Key players from each involved agency or interest gather quickly and agree on common objectives and individual duties. Our priority may not be the port's priority. And then that's where the Incident Command System comes into effect, even on a small vessel fire is that when we go there and the support guy's saying, I want that thing moved and I want it out of here, and we're saying, no, we're going to fight it, we have to come to a discussion and an understanding of, we have the people and the product to put this out without harming our port. You don't want people making decisions in a vacuum. And if you don't have some sort of system to organize all these different agencies together and have them communicate, share ideas, and share plans, then otherwise, you get people acting independently and possibly not support each other's efforts. Or they might do things that counteract the other person's efforts. And so by doing a coordinated effort, that's the key to the ICS. And that's why it does work. OK, so it's been an hour from the start of the fire till now. The response to the fire is where all your training and preparation are put to the test. Typically, fires are either attacked directly or isolated and smothered indirectly. Both the ship-based and the shoreside firefighters should have the same priorities. First, protect human life, search and rescue. Next, exposure. Prevent the spread of the fire. Third, confinement. Control the fire. And finally, extinguishment, suppressing the main body of the fire. There are a variety of ways to respond to a fire. For the incident commander and his team, the process of determining how to attack is called the size up. Sizing up the fire begins when you gather facts and assess the probabilities. What are the likely scenarios and their outcomes? You determine what resources are available, and apply firefighting principles. And you decide on a course of action and a plan of operation. Certainly, you want to cool down the fire, and use water as much as you can to get the fire out. But at a certain point, you have to consider stability. And if you're putting a lot of that weight, especially up high in the vessel, at a certain point, it's going to become unstable. And so you need to be aware of that. The firefighters need to be aware of that. One firefighter said, you fight fires on ships with information as much as with man power. Because there are confined spaces on ships and ways to seal off these spaces, it's not uncommon to simply shut off the fuel supply, isolate the fire, and let it smother, or use an in-place extinguishing system. The key is to protect what's around the fire. Boundary cooling is one method. Keeping water on the adjacent areas. But there are cautions in this procedure, too. No matter what method you choose to put out the fire, there must be constant status reporting and good communication among the team. [INAUDIBLE] out. And he is badly burned and unconscious. Communications are often the weak link in any sort of emergency response. And those problems are compounded on a ship because your two-way radios and walkie-talkies and stuff don't work well down in the engine rooms and in the holds. As you can see, fighting a fire in port requires training, communication skills, and flexibility. So by way of summary, here are four tips on how you can make the interface between ship and shore firefighting work. First, make sure you assign roles and responsibilities for communication and not just for firefighting. It's just critical that you know what you've got and what your capabilities are so that you can mitigate the impact of the incident. Second, set up exercises, training, and orientation that bring the ship and shore together. When you're in port, invite them aboard to get to know you and your ship. The future is drilling together so everybody knows what each other's doing. Because then you can add extra people into your complement. Third, emphasize the importance of your fire safety plan, and use it as an integral part of your training process. Fire safety plan, that's number one. And that's specifically for the shoreside people to go on board and know where the firefighting resources are, know the way out of the ship. So it's critical that the shoreside people get that fire safety plan. Finally, there is absolutely no substitute for realistic, hands-on training. For fire safety, it should be at least once a week. There's an old military maxim that says, as you train, so will you fight. And because we do a good job at preventing disasters, we really do have to find a way of keeping up to the step, ready to go, for the rare times they occur. Training is the only way. If your ship has regular ports of call or you're on an extended stay, make an effort to learn about the land-based fire facilities. Get to know the fire crews. Invite them on board the ship for a tour. That familiarization and communication could save lives and property in the event of a real fire emergency. [FIRE WHOOSHES] [MUSIC PLAYING]

Video Details

Duration: 17 minutes and 49 seconds
Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
Genre: None
Views: 7
Posted by: maritimetraining on Apr 25, 2018

Fire In Port - The Ship Shore Interface

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