Watch videos with subtitles in your language, upload your videos, create your own subtitles! Click here to learn more on "how to Dotsub"

ESOcast 69: Revolutionary ALMA Image Reveals Planetary Genesis

1 (1 Likes / 0 Dislikes)
  • Embed Video

  • Embed normal player Copy to Clipboard
  • Embed a smaller player Copy to Clipboard
  • Advanced Embedding Options
  • Embed Video With Transcription

  • Embed with transcription beside video Copy to Clipboard
  • Embed with transcription below video Copy to Clipboard
  • Embed transcript

  • Embed transcript in:
    Copy to Clipboard
  • Invite a user to Dotsub
A new ALMA image has revealed extraordinarily fine detail that has never been seen before in the planet-forming disc around a young star. These are the first observations that have used ALMA with its antennas at almost their maximum extent. This has resulted in the sharpest picture ever made at submillimetre wavelengths. The new results are a huge step forward in the observation of how protoplanetary discs develop and how planets form. This is the ESOcast! Cutting-edge science and life behind the scenes at ESO, the European Southern Observatory. ALMA, the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array is the world’s most powerful telescope for observing the cold Universe. It consists of 66 high-precision antennas that can be placed in different configurations. For the first time, the ALMA array has now been configured with the antennas up to 15 kilometres apart. This is close to the maximum possible baseline of 16 kilometres and allows ALMA to discern much finer detail than has ever been possible up to now. For ALMA’s first observations in this powerful new mode, researchers pointed the antennas at HL Tauri — a young star about 450 light-years away, which is surrounded by a dusty disc. The resulting image exceeds all expectations and is sharper than images routinely obtained by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. It reveals unexpected fine detail in the HL Tauri protoplanetary disc, which consists of material leftover from the birth of the star. The image shows a series of concentric bright rings with enigmatic dark patches. These structures are clear signs of the presence of multiple planets, as they sweep up material from the disc. HL Tauri’s disc appears to be a lot more developed than would be expected from the age of the system. This suggests that the process of planet formation may be faster than previously thought. Young stars like HL Tauri are born in clouds of gas and fine dust, in regions which have collapsed under the effects of gravity. Dense hot cores form and eventually ignite to become young stars. These baby stars are initially cocooned in the remaining gas and dust, which eventually settles into a protoplanetary disc. Through many collisions the dust particles will stick together, growing into clumps the size of sand grains and pebbles. And ultimately, asteroids, comets and even planets can form in the disc. The young planets will then disrupt the disc and create rings, gaps and holes such as those structures now observed by ALMA. The investigation of these protoplanetary discs is essential to our understanding of how Earth formed in the Solar System. Observing the first stages of planet formation around HL Tauri may show us how our own planetary system may have looked during its formation more than four billion years ago. By operating in its close to final configuration, ALMA has demonstrated its enormous observational potential. This starts a new era in our exploration of how stars and planets form. Transcription by ESO; translation by —

Video Details

Duration: 5 minutes and 25 seconds
Country: Germany
Language: English
Producer: ESO
Views: 575
Posted by: esoastronomy on Nov 5, 2014

ESOcast 69 presents the result of the latest ALMA observations, which reveal extraordinarily fine detail that has never been seen before in the planet-forming disc around the young star HL Tauri.

This revolutionary image is the result of the first observations that have used ALMA with its antennas at close to the widest configuration possible. As a result, it is the sharpest picture ever made at submillimetre wavelengths.

More information, full credits and download options are available on: http://www.eso.org/public/videos/eso1436a/

Caption and Translate

    Sign In/Register for Dotsub to translate this video.