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STCW_A Common Sense Approach

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[MUSIC PLAYING] SPEAKER 1: Just like any business, the maritime industry faces both opportunities and challenges. Do more with less. Reduce costs without compromising quality. Operate more efficiently, but also more safely, and continue to improve our people. The STCW are more than just rules. They're a closer focus on people, how we teach them, evaluate them, and keep track of their progress. SPEAKER 2: STCW can be confusing. Different people have different interpretations. Our purpose here is to find some consensus and give you a common sense approach to complying with STCW onboard your ship. MIKE HALL: I think the key thing to remember is it sets a base standard that we want all of the professional mariners to comply with. ROBERT NELSON: What STCW code is asking for is a slight raising of the standards. They're going to find that the company has a little bit more responsibility to assure that certain things are happening onboard a ship. Assure that their crews aren't being overworked. Assure that they're getting familiarization training, and that when they're onboard, that they are competent at the abilities that they are supposed to be competent at. It's asking for an extra level of oversight to make sure that things are operating OK. PETER L. RICHARDS: None of the new regulations require that a vessel float in a sea of paper. They require that responsibility and authority be tracked. And how you do that is up to your own company procedures. SPEAKER 2: We've divided this program into eight major areas of compliance with comments from company officials and the United States Coast Guard. Their port state control officers may examine you in any of these areas to make sure you're in compliance with STCW. So let's get started. SPEAKER 1: The first area of STCW compliance is that you have appropriate certificates and endorsements. STCW 95 clearly defines your training and shipboard responsibilities. You must ensure that the seafarers on your ship hold valid and appropriate national certificates of competence and endorsements from the issuing government certifying that they meet STCW standards. Individual flag state endorsements for seafarers whose certificates are issued by other governments are also required. ROBERT NELSON: The company that may own and manage the ship no longer has a tight control over who's onboard. Maybe they're in question, also, as to whether or not they're actually getting certified people. SPEAKER 1: Under the revised convention, your company can ask governments that issue certificates to authenticate any certificate they find questionable. Port state control will inspect for valid certificates and appropriate flag endorsements, as well. A second area of STCW compliance concerns manning. Companies must ensure that chips are manned according to the minimum safe manning document issued by the flag state. This document specifies the number of people needed to safely man the ship and their certified qualifications. Record keeping is our third major area of STCW compliance. ULRIK PETTERSON: One of the most important items in this is to keep records of things so they are able to document things. And that is why seamen, by tradition, lack experience. They were not used to document everything. They knew what they were doing, and the only document they had was the logbook. And whatever was in the logbook, that was right. And everything else was, well, seamanship or seaman's life. SPEAKER 1: STCW states simply that you must document the experience, training, medical fitness, and competency of your seafarers. SPEAKER 3: Some companies will have a difficult time with this, probably because they make their tracking procedures too difficult to follow. Our procedures are rather simple. We track the certifications that the semen have when they come to us. We track the training that we give them before we send them to the vessel. We track their initial orientation onboard the ship. And we also track the follow-up safety training and orientation that we give to them while they're on board the vessel. And it's for us, all tracked on one document. SPEAKER 1: Companies and seafarers have a dual responsibility here. The signature must be authorized, and the training record book must be updated and kept current. Remember, keeping records is not enough. Companies will be not only responsible for this documentation, but also for the ability of their people to demonstrate the skills they claim. MIKE HALL: You're going to have to be able to document and show that, not only in writing in that, but in competency, that you meet these standards. SPEAKER 1: The fourth area of STCW compliance is shipboard familiarization. SPEAKER 2: First of all, the master must have written instructions for familiarization of all newly assigned seafarers. Port state control inspectors can and will ask to see these instructions. SPEAKER 1: You must allow joining seafarers time for orientation to become familiar with the equipment they'll be using and the ship specific watchkeeping, safety, environmental protection, and emergency procedures they must know to perform their duties properly. ROBERT NELSON: Too often you hear of stories where a crew member will come onboard a ship only to meet the person that he's relieving as he departs the ship with his feed bag. This person, then, is left unto himself to find his way around, discover what his duties are, find the safety appliances that he needs to be aware of to operate properly. STACEY MUNN: When they join, they are required to go through a familiarization tour, showing them where the firefighting equipment is, which lifeboat they're assigned to, where the personal lifesaving equipment is. And then they sign a safety declaration form, proving that they have been through this tour. SPEAKER 2: Familiarization may start with a tour of your emergency and routine duties, All familiarization activity must be documented. And those documents can be checked. But once is not enough. Thorough familiarization means more than this initial orientation, especially when it comes to safety. SPEAKER 1: Familiarization should include elementary safety communication, symbols and alarms, emergency actions, muster and embarkation points, using fire extinguishers and life jackets, operating fire and watertight doors, and actions to take in case of medical emergencies. ROBERT NELSON: Ideally, it would be setup with a mentoring process, where a knowledgeable individual would take the new person around, show him the parts of the ship that he needs to be familiar with to perform his duties. Items, such as where lifesaving gear is, firefighting gear, certain basic procedures, the routine of the ship, that sort of thing. SPEAKER 1: Crew coordination is the fifth area of STCW compliance. The ship's complement must demonstrate they can effectively coordinate their activities in emergency situations and in safety and pollution prevention. As ship's crews continue to reflect more diversity in language, culture, and experience, basic communication, especially in a crisis, cannot be taken for granted. An effective crew must have command of a common language for coordinated effort. ULRIK PETTERSON: Communication is key to many things. It has been lack of communication, and many accidents or incidents is caused by lack of communication. SPEAKER 6: [INAUDIBLE] because we are overflowed. ANDREAS THEOHARIS: There are special difficulties that present themselves because of the international nature of the business. And in that environment, people need to be extra qualified to deal with issues. SPEAKER 1: The best preparation, practice, drill, not just the containment, but the communication. And as always, documenting the training and the results. SPEAKER 3: Most of the severe marine casualties that occurred in the past didn't occur because of a lack of policy and procedure. They occurred because those policies and procedures were not followed. SPEAKER 2: Port state control inspectors may require you to do one or more drills to demonstrate effective crew coordination. If your code doesn't perform well, your ship can be detained in port. SPEAKER 1: The sixth area of STCW compliance is fitness for duty. Companies are now required to comply with mandatory minimum rest periods for watchkeeping personnel to prevent excessive fatigue, except for emergencies, drills, or overriding operational conditions. Watchkeepers must be given 10 hours of rest in 24 hours. STACEY MUNN: It's probably the most difficult one of the STCW requirements, especially in a trade where you have a line or service and you're hitting 8, 9, 10 ports. And you have maybe 12 hours, maybe less in the port. Everybody's really pressed for time because they want that cargo loaded or discharged as quickly as possible. Therefore, people don't get the rest that they deserve and the rest that's necessary to prevent fatigue. SPEAKER 1: Port state control inspectors will detain ships which cannot demonstrate that upon sailing, their crews are rested and fit for duty. Watch schedules should clearly show rest periods and must be posted and easily accessible. MIKE HALL: Typically, in a port like this, it will either be your chief mate or master will supervise the loading of cargo. And then, when they depart, one of those two is going to be on a bridge. And we want to make sure he hadn't been loading the ship for the last 12 hours and then driving it down the river for 12 hours. Because that's how problems happens. ROBERT NELSON: Immediately, there are some basic things that we're looking for onboard the ship, such as the training programs, the crew abiding to certain work hour standards, and that sort of thing. We are checking those immediately. SPEAKER 1: The seventh area of STCW compliance is evidence of basic safety training. Before you assign any seafarer to safety or pollution prevention duties, you must have evidence of their competency in four basic safety areas. These include personal survival techniques, fire prevention and firefighting, elementary first aid, and pollution prevention, safety, and emergency procedures. This requirement applies to most officers and ratings assigned duties on the muster list. If a crew cannot demonstrate emergency duties in their operational drills, port state control inspectors may review your basic safety training evidence. The final major area of STCW compliance is ongoing training and assessment. MIKE HALL: We're getting away from writing prescriptive regulations and trying to look at root causes. SPEAKER 1: Many companies train through regularly scheduled safety meetings, using videos, and practicing drills. The training should be regular, continuous, and well-documented, and like so much of STCW, places as much responsibility on good planning and personnel management as on good seamanship. SPEAKER 2: STCW, challenge or opportunity? Probably a little bit of both. Anytime you change, you get some resistance. But you also get new results. As we conclude this introduction to STCW 95 and its onboard compliance, a couple of final thoughts from people who are making it work. SPEAKER 1: STCW 95 requires more accountability, not just more bookkeeping. SPEAKER 4: It is getting people more aware of safety onboard the ship. It's a burden on everybody now, the paperwork, especially. But I believe that it is producing a safer ship. People are more aware of what they're supposed to be doing for safety and for proper operation of equipment. SPEAKER 1: Proactive companies consider the new requirements a chance to take more control over their own operations. ANDREAS THEOHARIS: Yeah, it is a burden. But it's also for good shipping companies, an opportunity to take control of the issue and make sure that things are done properly. SPEAKER 1: Making it work requires better communication across the board, from top to bottom in your company. STACEY MUNN: The one thing I found that works very well is open communication between the shore and the ship. SPEAKER 5: I believe that you'll be coming onboard, that-- SPEAKER 1: And in an era where governments just can't monitor everything, the best companies regulate themselves. To comply with STCW 95, be sure everyone can perform their duties, routine and emergency. Do the training. Do the drills. And remember, STCW is both a challenge and an opportunity, a chance to build individual excellence together. [MUSIC PLAYING]

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Duration: 15 minutes and 29 seconds
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Language: English
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Posted by: maritimetraining on May 1, 2018

STCW_A Common Sense Approach

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