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Slips-Trips-and-Falls

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[MUSIC PLAYING] From the moment of birth, we began a lifelong relationship with gravity. We learn to walk by falling down, and to control our movement through balance. On a ship at sea, this constant balancing act becomes even more challenging. When you think about the slips, trips, and falls on a vessel, those things also happen on land, but unlike a vessel, a building isn't moving. [MUSIC PLAYING] One in three seafarer deaths result from a trip, slip, or fall. This industry-wide issue ranges from small fishing vessels to the largest container ships, affecting all those who step on board. Accidents from slips, trips, or falls can result in serious injury, loss of work time, and hefty medical expenses. A regular occurrence that we had is that the engineers would be working in the crew quarters, and they would leave an open hatch. And the lighting might not have been adequate at the time. And it was not unusual for crew members to go down there, step in, and break their leg. [MUSIC PLAYING] We all have a unique walking pattern. This pattern has to change in order for us to adapt to unusual motion. So when we walk on stable surfaces-- what we've been used to walking on our whole lives, and we just go along-- we have balanced reactions that we've learned at very, very young ages. Now if we're walking on a surface that's moving, our tendency is to go from a narrower base of support, to a little bit of a wider base of support. And then what we start to use, is we use combinations of our ankle strategy and our hip strategy. And we use trunk reactions to prevent ourselves from falling. So our base of support is formed by our feet. Our center of gravity comes from very, very, very low down in the pelvis. And when we lose that, we fall. In this video, we will discuss slips, trips, and falls separately, and point out common shipboard dangers. We will also discuss prevention and safety measures to take, so that you don't become a victim. We will end with maintenance procedures, personal protective equipment, and personal responsibility as a crew member to keep yourself and your shipmates safe. How our body works when we physically slip is that there is some lack of friction that happens between your foot and the ground. Slips cause almost half of the fall-related injuries among mariners. Common areas of danger include-- wet decks, areas with insufficient non-skid or surface texture, incorrect footwear, rushing or running. Wet decks inside of the vessel, particularly people mopping or cleaning up. Simply by a wet floor, somebody spilling coffee in a galley, are always hazardous. Engine rooms are notorious for oily surfaces, and so housekeeping plays a critical role. A little bit of frost on a steel deck is very dangerous. So being aware of the circumstances in your environment at all times. It's best, on a ship, to make sure that you not rush, as you're moving around the ship, even in an emergency situation-- to make sure you're taking enough time to place your feet, and watch where you're going. Because if you do hurry, it could make the situation much worse, where you suddenly become a part of the emergency, instead of being a support member for that. If you spill something you mop it up. If you mop, you put up some sort of signage to warn people that the deck below is slippery. So housekeeping, again, is a critical piece. [MUSIC PLAYING] To avoid slips that could lead to dangerous falls and injuries, keep decks free of slippery substances by cleaning up spills or leaks immediately. And always use signage to make others aware of a dangerous area. Wear the proper footwear any time you're moving about the ship. And slow down. It's always tempting to rush to complete a job or to respond to an emergency, but your safety is paramount. [MUSIC PLAYING] From a physiology standpoint, when somebody trips over something, what happens is, oftentimes, their foot gets caught, and your gait pattern get interrupted. On ships, you're navigating through cramped spaces, so generally they are narrower, and also stowage can sometimes be an issue. So if you're not paying attention, it would be very easy to trip over some cargo, or something that had not been put away properly. Or there are many times when the decks are uneven-- something has a warp to it-- you can easily catch an edge and fall. But one of the most obvious things on vessels are the fact that you have higher thresholds going from compartment to compartment, and from the weather decks in. And so, again, situational awareness, making sure that you're taking the time to walk through safely, and thinking about what you're doing, particularly in a vessel that's moving, and you're carrying objects. You have one hand for yourself, one hand for the ship. Other tripping hazards include-- lines left on deck, hoses stretched out for repair or cleaning, machinery welds, cleats and bits, and tools and equipment dropped or left in a hidden area. To maintain an orderly workplace, put away tools, and clear a work area of debris. Never place tools on a stairway or a place that could be hidden from someone approaching the area. Provide proper storage, making sure all crew know where to stow items not in use. If a court, cable, hose, or line must be stretched across a walkway, be sure to mark it, or secure it, so that it is not a tripping hazard. It is always safer when you can see what you're doing. Whether you're working with tools or walking on deck, make sure the area is well lit. [MUSIC PLAYING] Using situational awareness and maintaining an orderly workspace will protect your crew members from injuries related to trips on your vessel. When we define a fall, just like with the slip or a trip, this is not something that we planned. If you fall down a ladder, you have the effect of gravity now pushing you further and faster. And that momentum can, by itself, lead to greater harm. Slipping causes the majority of falls in the workplace. 70% of falls are from less than 10 feet. And over 30% of workplace deaths in the United States are from falls. On ships or vessels, you're dealing with steel decks-- which sometimes you can have grading, you could have diamond tread, you could have very sharp edges in the middle of a flat deck-- and so that if you fall on to these decks, you could do much more harm to yourself then you would, say, falling from a tree. Also, a number of the ladders or stairs are very steep, and are not quite as deep as your normal stairway would be. And many people on ships-- if they're wearing proper footwear-- there might be bigger shoes than normal. So it's really hard to navigate those ladders. Falling from deck of a ship into the water, from the contextual standpoint, I seaman knows that's much, much more serious. I'm now falling into waters that may be very, very cold, which means that there is the threat of hypothermia. Now my crew members have to be able to get me out of this situation that has a whole load of different contexts. So it has a different impact on the brain. When you are moving around the ship, it's always best to watch where you're walking. Hatches, on occasion, can be left open. And once you step into an open hatch, broken legs, or even more critical damage can occur. You definitely do not want to go into a dark area, thinking that there's not an open hatch. The idea is, for your fall protection there, is three points of contact. And if you get to the top, and you need to use two hands, you need to think about how do you position yourself to prevent the fall in the first place. The safe way would be to face the stairs going down-- and yet, very few people do. And I've been guilty of that myself, over the years, heading down ladders into engine rooms or below spaces. You know, there's a saying now to slow down to speed up, and taking that little extra time to think about what you're doing. It's best that you wear proper protective equipment, whenever working alongside, over the side, or at a specific height. If you're ever working in an elevation of six feet or higher, from water level or from deck level, you need to have a full body harness with the support for the static line that's above you, so that if you did lose your footing that it would support your weight without you falling into the water or onto the deck. Fall protection equipment, if you use it wrong, can actually do more damage than the fall itself. In the busy work on a vessel, it's always a temptation to jump into a hatch and check something out quickly. But what you need to realize is that a person that steps out on deck may not be aware of what you're doing in an open hatch-- is a way to get seriously injured, or even killed. So it's critical that you always prevent people from falling in, by setting up guards around openings in the deck, or on the flooring. [MUSIC PLAYING] Falls onboard a vessel present serious risk. Never jump to a lower level, as a jump can easily become a fall. Ladders are a major cause of falls, and usually occur when an individual uses them incorrectly. Making sure that open holes are properly marked takes little time and can save lives. If you or another crew member is the victim of a fall, there are four actions to take. First, if you have fallen, stay still. If a fellow crew member has fallen, do not move the victim, and tell them to lie still. Second, avoid the space that could be dangerous to you until additional help arises. Third, alert other crew of the danger immediately, using your vessel protocol. Fourth, perform a primary survey, and proceed with recovery and treatment measures. Every merchant vessel should have a maintenance system or program. This will ensure that issues are addressed in a timely manner, logs are kept on maintenance, and dangers are caught and corrected before an accident can occur. In addition to housekeeping for the prevention of slips and trips, also a good maintenance program where you're taking a look at your deck surfaces. You're having non-skid painted where it needs to be painted-- and having a maintenance program that looks for these things and identifies them. [MUSIC PLAYING] Personal protective equipment, or PPE, is critical for your safety. Each company or vessel may have different requirements, but donning the proper PPE for the task at hand is always the responsibility of the mariner. Steel-toed boots or shoes are sometimes a requirement, but always a good idea. A hard hat will protect you from low overheads and angles where hitting your head could cause injury. This is also true of eye and face protection. Flying debris, falling or swinging objects, chemicals, and harmful energy from welding or glare, could easily cause a mariner to misstep and become injured. Hand protection assists in gripping ladders or railings to avoid a hand slip, which could result in a fall. Your personal flotation device will depend on your job, and correct fit is essential. A PFD which is not zippered or fastened will be of little use to you if you hit the water. Fall protection should be readily available. A waist harness or full body harness is required for working over the side or at six feet aloft. [MUSIC PLAYING] A lot of times, it really comes down to maintaining your situational awareness, taking personal accountability for doing your job safely in accordance with good, safe working practices or company policies. And oftentimes, it's workers that trigger latent defects by not paying attention, by not having their mind in the game. And slowing down to speed up-- taking that time that you need to do the job properly and safely. The more physically fit that somebody is-- with regard to muscle strength, with regard to how well they're able to use their body, how flexible they are-- the much more able they are to withstand injury when that happens on the job. One thing definitely to take into account is that if you do injure yourself on the ship, suddenly you are now no longer contributing to the operation of the vessel. They're down one person. There is no such thing as light duty. Any injury, no matter how slight, can limit your ability to perform, and limit the company's ability to deliver goods and services to their customer. Slips, trips, and falls for the most common cause of workplace injury, but can be avoided by following proper safety procedures. Always have one hand for yourself. Block off any potentially dangerous area and report it. Clean up spills or leaks as soon as they're discovered. Use the appropriate fall and flotation protection when working aloft or over the water, and make sure you are trained in how to use it correctly. It is your personal responsibility to slow down to speed up. Watch for dangers before they result in injury, and battle complacency. You know a vessel's an unforgiving environment. There's a lot a hard steel surfaces, and exposed frames, and moving machinery, so with a vessel tossing underneath you, it's really critical to mind your step, and watch where you're going, and how you're going. And move slowly enough that you can prevent those injuries that result from slips, trips, and falls. [MUSIC PLAYING]

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Duration: 15 minutes and 19 seconds
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Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
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Views: 9
Posted by: maritimetraining on Feb 8, 2017

Slips-Trips-and-Falls

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