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PreSonus StudioLive Digital Mixer Webinar Part 2 - CCI Solutions

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♪♫♪♫..............[Music playing] Okay. So, let's talk about getting the best sound with the StudioLive. Uh, you know, I keep mentioning a little bit about how much power is in the mixer to be able to get the best sound. Uh, because we have a bunch of processing and we have a bunch of DSP. Uhm, really the heart of the StudioLive is this this blue section right in the middle. We call it the "Fat Channel." And, basically this is all of your EQ and dynamics for any selected channels. So if I select channel 13, here's all my EQ and dynamics for channel 13. If I select channel 20, here's all of my EQ and dynamics for that channel. Uh, if I select a sub-group, notice there's a "Select" button right here... by the sub-groups...Now I can EQ and compress my sub-group. In fact, uh, there are "Select" buttons all over this board. In fact, if you want to see what they look like... anywhere where you see a blinking light right now, is where you can apply a Fat Channel... the Full Fat Channel, which includes all of these components. And the reason why that's cool is that we really tried to design this board to give you the maximum amount of control and not to limit you with the amount of DSP. You know a lot of times you might wanna EQ and compress a particular channel. And then, you might want to assign that to a sub-group and EQ and compress that. You know? Then assign it to an Aux send. And you might want to make a tweak to your Auxes with EQ and compression and dynamics. You can do that as well with, uhm the Fat Channel. So let's just take a look at what the Fat Channel's made up of... on the StudioLive 24. So if I start all the way over. The first knob is a High-Pass Filter that's variable. So basically it allows me to sweep out lower frequencies and, you know, so if I have it set to 180 Hz, what that means is, everything below 180 Hz is completely taken out of my signal. So it, it really helps you to clean up low end on the stage. And the next component right here is a frequency, uh, tunable noise gate. So this allows you to get rid of, uhm, uh bleed over on microphones. ...Really helpful on drums. So, you've got a key filter... that allows you to, uh, pinpoint what frequency you want to uh, isolate. And then you've got Threshold, Range, Attack and Release settings for the Gate...uhm, "Key Listen Mode" so you can monitor this in your headphones. It has a downward expander as well. It's a really sophisticated, full-featured noise gate. The next component is the Compressor. Compressor, it...very similar to what you'll find on almost any outboard Compressor: Threshold, Ratio, Attack, Release, Gain Makeup... and, uh, we'll take about that and how that works in a second. The next component is a, a dedicated brick wall Limiter with threshold. And so this allows me to set a ceiling at which, you know it basically stops, uh, the signal from getting any louder than whatever I set that threshold to. The next component is a 4 band fully parametric EQ. So i've got low, low-mid, high-mid and high. And on each of these 4 bands I can sweep the frequency. I can control the width of the bandwidth. So I can, you know, do a really narrow notch or a really wide, uh, you know kind of a, a EQ curve. And then I've got Gain control to cut and boost. And I have this on each of the 4 bands. And they're each, uh, each band is individually selectable on or off. Plus I have a master EQ on and off. So it really allows you to hear what you're doing before and after. The next component is the Pan Control. So this allows me to pan left and right. And then it also will allow you right here...the next button is "Stereo Link" button. So if I have, let's say, drum overheads, on channel 7...if I hit the "Link" button in now it makes a stereo pair. Uhm, notice it pans them hard left and hard right. One thing I really like is when you, uh link 2 channels together, you can also adjust the stereo spread of those 2 channels. It's not just fixed hard left and hard right when you link 2 channels together. Kind a cool. Uh, the next section of the Fat Channel is probably on of my favorites. This is a little clipboard section that says "Copy," "Load," and "Save." This allows you to copy a Fat Channel setting to another place. So for example let's look at...down here at the end of the board. I've got 8 tracks of background vocals. So if I select channel 17, I can go ahead and, you know, throw a little EQ on it. I can throw, you know, compressor, a little limiter, uh & once I get the sound for channel 17 I want to copy it over to some of the other background vocals. Well, doing this on an analog board obviously, would be, tedious, you know? ...One channel at a time...Watch how fast it is on the StudioLive...So now that I've got channel 17 set up, I hit "Copy." It blinks saying "Where do you want to copt it to?" I want to copy it to 18, 19, 20 all the way through 24. Hit "Load." Wha-Bam. Done. Try doing that on almost any other board. It's so fast to be able to copy channels. And again, you know the thing about live sound, uh, hopefully everybody watching will, will relate to this...uh, it's a battlefield. Isn't it? It's like going in to war! And, uh, it's real time...stuff is happening. Uh, we tried to make the, the StudioLive...we've tried to design it with that in mind. Uhm, there's no, uh, there's not a whole lot of, like, layering on this board. Channel 17 will always be channel 17. Uhm, and, you know the, there, was made for speed. Uh so, that, that's one thing that you'll see, uh, as the demo goes on. On how fast it is to, uh get around on the StudioLive. So now let's go ahead and uhm, play with the uh the Fat Channel presets. Now, you know, I just showed you this, this whole Fat Channel, and it's know, for, for those of you that are seasoned engineers, you know, you're like "Oh! Great! You know, Frequency tunable gates! and thresholds! and all this...I'm gonna go have fun for, you know a couple a weeks!" Well, for others of us that are not so sophisticated sound-wise, we're like "Ok. Uh, now how do I set the, uh, threshold for this a gym bay? And, uh what what's gonna be my attack setting?" And, uh, you know...a Fat Channel this sophisticated might be kind of overwhelming. Well guess what? We have presets and the board itself comes with, uh tons of preset uhm, Fat Channel settings for different applications. So, let's just take, for example, a snare drum. Okay, so what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna play uh, a snare drum back for you to listen to. And I, we're going to just listen to it dry right now. And then I'm going to, apply a Fat Channel to it. So, here's my snare drum [snare drum sounds begin]. So you hear a lot of bleed over on that snare drum, hear the high hat comin' through a little bit. [snare, high hat, kick drum, cymbals sound]....some cymbals... Okay. The other thing about the snare drum is, is depending on how good your drummer is, he may be hitting at different velocities. So you might need to compress it. Well, let's just load in a Fat Channel setting, one of the factory presets as a starting point, okay? So, make sure channel 2 is selected. Okay? The next thing we're gonna do, once we've selected channel 2, you hit the "Load" button right here. Now, as soon as I do that, here in the screen, I can scroll through a bunch of different presets. So we'll find one called "Snare drum - Fat Snare." And as soon as I hit "Recall" it's just going to basically dump that preset right into the board. So, here we go. We're gonna hit "Recall," [Sound of snare continues playing, but is clearer with less high hat] Okay. Definitely cleaned it up a lot. Now we can go in and kinda fine tune that. So we want to, you know, adjust the gate a little bit. You know, maybe add a little bit more high end, or low end, or something like that. And, uh, and we're able to do that very easily. Uhm...And...The other benefit is, is that I can hit the "Save" control...right here... after I've made some tweaks, and we can save it for later use. So now, it's a custom Fat Channel preset for your drummer, basically. Uhm, the...the other thing that's really cool about this, I showed you how to do this on the board. Let me show you how to do it on Virtual StudioLive okay? Which is the computer control for the StudioLive. So I'm going to.just pull up, Virtual StudioLive...And, one thing that you'll ses here is, you is my channels right here. Here's a Fat Channel preset that I've...I've saved. I...I've customized. And I save it yesterday. So now what I'm gonna do is I'm just gonna grab it... right here from the left...see right here?...I'm gonna grab it. I'm gonna click it and drag it right over to the snare. And...wha-bam...there we go. Now I just drag and drop. So, it's really that simple. Uhm, this is a very very good way for a lot of people [laughing], uh, especially people that are intimidated by a big control surface, you know? So, you know "Hey, go grab the one that says 'Rick's Snare' and drag it to the sanre channel." You know, really pretty easy. Now that, the...the, the other thing that I'm going to show you right now is let's, uh, let's talk about the compressor a little bit. Uhm, compression is one of those kinda mysterious things I think, for a lot of people. Uhm, when I think about uh, one of the biggest problems in church sound I would have to say it is, the fact that you have a, a lot of different singers. Maybe you have different singers every Sunday or different teams. And, you know, some of 'em are probably pretty well-trained vocalists. But a lot of 'em, uh, haven't ever really sang outside of church. And they don't really have great mic technique. Anybody, uh, kinda relate to this? So you got the guy that, you know [speaks in a very deep voice], he likes tos sing like this. You know, way down here. And then you got the "I'm gtonna eat the mic" kind of singer. And then you've got the I'm kinda on and off the mic and it's in and out and in and out. And so, you know, what a compressor will do is help to even out the dynamics of these kind of singers, you know? So what, what is dynamic range? Let's define that. First of all, uh, dynamic range is basically the distance between the loudest note that a singer sings and the softest note. So you've got these singers that'll, you know, sing at barely a whisper and then belt it out! You know, well, from their whisper to their scream...that's the dynamic range. Well what the compressor will basically do it know, compress that distance. And then, using the Gain Makeup, on the Fat Channel, which is this knob right here, once we compress the signal we can bring it back up to the appropriate level. So what that does is allows the softer passages to be heard easier and then when the singer really belts it out it's not going to like, you know, hurt people [laughing] in the uh, in the audience. So, let's uh, let's just show a little example. I've got this uhm, vocal mic, plugged in right now. And, basically, we're going to go to the input right here. And, uhm, you know, you can see, basically, when I'm, when I'm barely hitting the microphone, uhm barely talking into it, you see a certain level right here on the uh, on the meter. [[Rick speaking softly into mic] Okay? And right now just let me take off everything... So now this is just completely flat. So now watch, watch the level on the uh, meter when I go from a whisper to a scream... Okay? So watch the uh, the meter. So here, here's my normal kind of speaking volume. and then, hold your ears, here comes my yell "YAY!" [Shouts loudly] "HEY!" [Shouts again] [Speaking normally] See how it just kind of jumps up like that? Now what we can do is we can go ahead and apply some compression. So I'm gonna go ahead and engage the compressor. We'll come down on the threshold. Okay? And now you, you can look in the upper right hand. The StudioLive shows you the gain reduction. So, as I start to hit it hard...[shouts loudly again] "HEY!!!" [Speaking normally] You, you see that red l, you'll see more of those red LEDS come up. Basically what that is is it's like having a sound guy riding a fader. You know? So when I really hit it hard, it's going to basically, you're going to see more red lights. So here's kind of speaking volume, and here's [shouts again] "HEY!!!" And so it, it basically catches those peaks. Now I can go to the Gain Makeup of that channel and bring it back up and now what that means is my singer is going to be way more audible. You'll be able to hear them at, uh, when, when they're, when they're in more of the subtle kind of the singing, especially if they're kind of on and off the mic. It really helps mixing. ♪♫♪♫............[Music playing]

Video Details

Duration: 13 minutes and 58 seconds
Year: 2011
Country: United States
Language: English
Producer: CCI Solutions
Director: CCI Solutions
Views: 387
Posted by: ccisolutions on Jul 23, 2012

Part 2 of a 6-part in-depth webinar on the PreSonus StudioLive Digital Mixer presented by Rick Naqvi of PreSonus at CCI Solutions' headquarters. In this segment, Rick shows you how to use the Fat Channel on the StudioLive. It includes variable High-Pass Filter, Fequency tunable noise gate, the compressor, dedicated brick-wall limiter with threshold, 4-band fully parametric EQ, pan control, stero-link button, and a clipboard section that allows you to copy settings from one channel to other channels extremely fast. The Fat Channel also includes a wide variety of factory presets for less-experienced sound engineers.

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