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Shipping 101

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[MARITIME TRAINING SERVICE INC.] [In case of any conflict between the requirements shown in the movie and the company's safety management system (SMS),] [please follow the company's SMS requirements] [Shipping 101] So, shipping 101. This is a ship. It has a bunch of parts. [The Hull] The hull is what really make a ship a ship. Since everything goes inside the hull, it's also super crucial [Buoyancy] because it's also what creates buoyancy. When a ship is in the water, gravity pushes down and buoyancy pushes up [Buoyancy = How much water the ship displaces] with an amount of force proportional to how much water the ship displaces. The more space the hull takes up in the water, the heavier the load the ship can take. [Wide Hull] That's why cargo ships typically have wide hulls that take up more space in the water which creates more buoyancy which allows for heavier loads. [Bow] The forward-most part of the ship is called the bow [Stern] while the furthest back is called the stern. Forward means toward the front of the ship and aft is towards the back of the ship. I can see where there could be some confusion here. [Bow & Forward Stern & Aft] Bow and forward and stern and aft mean similar things but they're slightly different. Bow is the literal front of the ship. Forward is a relative term describing the direction. If you are here on a ship and talking about this point, you would describe it as forward. Even though if you were here, you would describe it as aft of yourself. [Port Starboard] The left side of the ship while facing forward is called port while the right side is called starboard. [Forecastle] The forecastle [folk-sol], and yes it's really pronounced that way, is the front-most part of the upper deck and it is where all the mooring and anchoring equipment is located. [Bridge] Up above is the bridge where the ship is commanded. It has all the necessary navigation, communication, and steering equipment needed to move a ship. [Living area] In the same structure as the bridge, cargo ships have their living area. These floor typically include sleeping areas, a galley, a common area with TV, and some ships even have a gym and swimming pool. So we've talked about everything up top. Now we can go down below. Towards the back of the bottom level is the engine room whereas you can probably infer, the engine is located. There's typically one main engine that serves to turn the propeller but often there are a few other engines to turn generators to make electricity for the ship since ships use quite a bit of power for everything from lights and equipment to water filtration and more. The main propeller is all the way at the back of the ship and is absolutely enormous. [30 tons 20 ft (6 m) diameter] It can be as heavy as 30 tons, as large as 20 feet in diameter [120 rpm] and can spin as many as 120 times per minute. [Ships!] Ships! Probably the most easily recognized type of ship is the container ship. [The Container Ship] That's because these transport 60% of the worlds sea born cargo. This type of ship is built to carry intermodal containers. Intermodal containers are standardized size containers that fit onto trucks, trains, ships and even some planes worldwide, with no set-up on conversion. These were only widely implemented in the '60s and their influence was enormous. Before the container, every single piece of cargo had to be loaded onto ships by hand. And therefore, ships were sometimes in port for as many as two weeks. Containers can be loaded in minutes which shorten most port visits to six to eight hours. [1956 $5.86 -> $0.16] That helped drive down the cost to load a ton of goods in 1956 from $5.86 to $0.16 which made intercontinental shipping vastly cheaper. That's a big reason many consumer goods can now be economically produced on entirely different sides of the world from their market. [TEU] Modern ships are measured in size by TEU's. [Twenty-foot Equivalent Units] Twenty-foot equivalent units. [Twenty-foot container 1 TEU] This is a twenty-foot container so this is 1 TEU. [Forty-foot 2 TEU] The other common sizes of container are the forty-foot which is 2 TEU, [Forty-five foot 2.25 TEU] the forty-five foot at 2.25 TEU, [Fifty-three-foot 2.65 TEU] and the fifty-three foot at 2.65 TEU. [19,000 TEU] Ships nowadays carry as many as 19,000 TEU which is, to reiterate, 19,000 of these. [That's a lot of containers] That's a lot of containers. [The Bulk Carrier] Another common type of ship is the bulk carrier. Theses ships have large, wide open holds that are good for carrying loose, bulk goods like grains, coal, oil, timber et cetera. It's quicker in this case to load these goods straight into the ships hold rather than packaging them up in containers. Pretty much every type of ship is specialized to make the time in port as short as possible since the ship can only make money when it's moving cargo. The other common type of cargo ship is the tanker [The Tanker] which is pretty similar to a bulk carrier but is designed to carry liquids or gasses in its hold instead of dry goods. [Cruise Ships] Aside from those, there are also cruise ships which are designed to carry people instead of cargo [Tug Boats] and tug boats which are incredibly powerful small boats which help maneuver larger ships in and out of port by pushing or pulling them. There is a well established chain of command on ships. [The Master (Captain)] The Master, or Captain, is in charge of literally everything. Everyone and everything on-board is both the responsibility of and under the authority of the Captain. [Chief Officer (First Mate)] The Chief Officer or First Mate is the second in command and is typically responsible on a day-to-day basis for the cargo and deck room. That means that they're the one making sure that crew members are properly trained in safety and security procedures. [Second Officer] The Second Officer is the third in command and generally serves as the ships' navigator, planning out routes and keeping the ship on course. [Third Officer] The Third Officer is the safety officer on board meaning that they're responsible for assuring that all safety equipment and procedures are up to date. Pretty much everyone else in the deck department is called Ordinary Seaman or O.S. [Ordinary Seaman O.S.] until they have two years experience [Able Seaman] when they earn the title of Able Seaman. [Engineering Department] The engineering department on board is responsible for the running of the engine room and upkeep of everything below deck in the machinery space. They also will typically be trained in firefighting and first aid in case of an emergency. [Stewards Department] Lastly, we come to the Stewards Department which serves the people on board. They make meals, clean linens, run stores and do everything else that lets people live while living on the high-seas.

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Duration: 5 minutes and 39 seconds
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Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
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Views: 5
Posted by: maritimetraining on Apr 17, 2018

Shipping 101

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