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Food groups are based on foods that contain the same types of nutrients. There are five major food groups: The grains food group for example includes foods made mostly from wheat, oats, cornmeal, barley or other grains, bread, pasta, oatmeal breakfast cereals, and rice are examples of foods in the grains food group. These foods are rich in carbohydrates. The vegetables food group, as you might guess, includes vegetables and one hundred per cent vegetable juice. Vegetables include dark green vegetables such as broccoli, orange vegetables such as carrots, starchy vegetables such as potatoes and other vegetables such as asparagus and beets. The third food group is the fruit food group and includes any fruit and one hundred per cent fruit juice. Which of the following items is not a fruit? raisins, apples, onions and cantaloupe. The onion is not a fruit, it´s a vegetable and it´s in the vegetable food group. Vegetables and fruits are high in carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. The fourth food group is the milk, yogurt and cheese group. This group contains carbohydrates, fats and important minerals such as calcium. The fifth food group contains many different items and it´s called the meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs and nuts group. Meats include beef and pork, poultry includes chicken and turkey. There is a wide variety of fish including catfish, salmon and trout. You may not been as familiar with dry beans but there are many different types such as chickpeas, lentils, soybeans and lima beans to name just a few. Similarly there are many types of nuts and seeds including peanuts, cashews and sunflower seeds. This group is high in protein, it can also be high in fat, so foods should be selected carefully. Now that we've covered the five major food groups, let´s see if I can go about planning a balanced diet based on the food groups.
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