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Inland Vessel & Barge Familiarization

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[Maritime Training Services Inc.] [In case of any conflict between the requirements shown in the movie] [and the company's safety management system (SMS), please follow the company's SMS requirements] [INLAND VESSEL & BARGE FAMILIARIZATION] The inland waterway is home to 25,000 miles of what's known as water highway, an intricate system that delivers 600 million tons of cargo every year. This cargo doesn't get delivered without the help of inland towing vessels and barges. If you are a new member in this unique industry, chances are you'll start as a deckhand with opportunities to advance to the engine room or wheelhouse as you gain experience. This is an exciting, though sometimes difficult, outdoor job that requires a deckhand who is self-reliant and committed to safety. In this video, you will become familiar with [TOWING VESSELS] towing vessels that you will work on, their layout, and deck fittings on board, [BARGES] types of barges that you will work on, and the cargo they carry, [EQUIPMENT] equipment that you will use on a daily basis, [PPE] the PPE that is required, and [EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT] where to find emergency equipment. You will assist your fellow crew members in a variety of jobs such as helping to make and break tows, standing lookout at the head of the tow, and regularly checking equipment. Before you do any work, however, you must become familiar with inland barges and towboats. [TOWING VESSELS] The inland waterways play host to many different vessels, but the one you will become most familiar with is the towboat or more accurately push boat. Push boats push barges and sometimes a group of barges known as a tow. These vessels work mostly on inland waterways and can be distinguished by the square shaped bow and stern. Push boats can come in varying sizes depending on the engine. Line boats are a specific type of push boat you will become very familiar with. These boats are very powerful, making them ideal for pushing tows on long trips down the waterway. Fleet boats, on the other hand, are able to make and break tow due to their small size and ease in maneuverability. Another type of push boats you may encounter are trip boats. They're like line boats, however do smaller trips. Once you come onboard, you will become familiar with the layout of your specific boat. A push boat is made up of the main deck, upper deck, and on the highest deck is the wheel or pilothouse. Inside the wheelhouse is where the captain or wheelman controls the boat's movement. VHF radios and set radios are stored here. Below the main deck is the engine room. This is where the power is generated. Stored in the engine room is an air compressor, fuel pumps, lube pumps, and water and ballast pumps. The front hold which is located below the main deck is where towing equipment, lines, hoses, and maintenance supplies live. These are all protected from weather and damage with a watertight door. Located at the lowest compartment of the ship is the bilge tank. This is where water that does not drain off the deck goes. The galley is where the crew can enjoy good food and decompress from a long day of work. Lastly, the bunk room is where crew sleep and relax. On the deck of a push boat are various deck fittings which are used to secure lines. Deck fittings include bits, kevel, timber head, chalk, and buttons. Another fitting that crew will use on a regular basis is the capstan which hauls in lines that are placed around the barrel. The capstan can be found on the bow of the push boat. [BARGES] Barges are the most economical means of moving large bulk cargo and come in various sizes to carry different kinds of cargo. The hopper barge is used for transporting dry bulk cargo that does not need protection from the weather. However, they are equipped with covers. Cover barges also carry dry bulk cargo like grain and paper but have covers to protect them from the weather. There are also deck barges which are used for storing equipment. The last type of barge you will encounter is a tank barge. Tank barges carry [LIQUID CARGO] liquid cargo like gas, diesel, crude oil, chemicals, and molasses. Extra precautions must be taken on these barges to prevent fires or explosions. When examining a tow, you will notice that the lead barge has a slanted edge, this is called the rake. These barges usually lead the tow and help cut through the water. The box-shaped barges used in the middle of the tow are known as box barges. On the common barge is the cargo hold where the cargo is stored. On the corners of barges, there are numbers marked off in 1 foot increments. [DRAFT READING] This is known as the draft reading. This will indicate how deep in the water the barge is or how much of a load you have. [EQUIPMENT] During operations on tows, you will become familiar with the tools and equipment that you will use on a daily basis. One of the pieces of equipment that you will use regularly is the barge winch. Winches can be located on the four corners of the barge with other rigging equipment such as fore and aft wire, scissor wires, and jockey and breast wires. Winches are manually operated with a large hand wheel that tightens the wire. Do not stand over the winch while operating it. When taking up the slack in the wire with the winch, make sure to plant your feet on the ground firmly and maintain a good balance. Do not ever use your feet on the wheel to tighten the winch. Another tool you will become familiar with is the ratchet. Ratchets are used to tighten wires on a toe. The ratchet is made up of the ratchet handle, the pelican hook which is used to connect the ratchet to a chain or wire, and the keeper, the pole, and the dog. Deckhands will also use a toothpick, cheater pipe, and sledgehammers on a regular basis. The toothpick is a metal rod that is inserted into the pelican hook on the ratchet to prevent it from turning while using. The sledgehammer is used to break a coupling by knocking off the keeper on a pelican hook. Always back off the ratchet before knocking the keeper loose. When tightening the ratchet, make sure to always do so in board. If you don't and there is a sudden slack in the wire, you could potentially fall into the river instead of on the deck. This is a pike pole. This is used to pull in lines or wires that are out of reach. This eliminates the need to lean over water which can be very dangerous. At the center of the head tow is what is known as a jack staff. This signals the front of the tow. The barge that holds the jack staff is known as the jack staff barge. [PPE] These operations are very dangerous. Because of this, deckhands are required to wear the appropriate PPE at all times. While working on barges and towboats, you are at risk of falling or being knocked into the river, hence the reason you must wear a work vest whenever you are on the main deck of the boat and are working on barges. You must always keep all fasteners secured and tightened to prevent them from being caught in lines or equipment. Don't let your vest hang open or hang loosely around your waist. You will also need eye protection, especially when there is a possibility of flying particles from activities like hot work. If you are the one performing the hot work, you will need a face shield. Hard toe safety shoes are a necessity on the tow. These will protect you should any heavy equipment or tools fall on your toes. Work gloves are essential to deckhand workers who work with lines and wires. Your gloves will prevent you from receiving any cuts from frayed wires. Wear heavy-duty leather or leather palm gloves. The following may be useful for a deckhand to use as well. A billed cap to shade eyes from the sun and arc lights. Sunscreen to protect skin from ultraviolet rays, and a flashlight for walking the tow at night, this should be intrinsically safe if working on a tank barge. [EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT] There are several threats that crew will face on a daily basis, and sometimes a life-threatening situation such as a fire can arise. In these situations, you must remain calm and rely on your muster training and drills. When you come on board, you will be trained in your muster duties and emergency drills to prepare you for any situation. A muster list or a station bill will always be posted in a well trafficked area of your vessel [ALL SEAFARERS CAN EASILY REVIEW THEIR ASSEMBLY STATION,] so that all deckhands can easily review their assembly station, [SURVIVAL CRAFT STATION, EMERGENCY DUTIES] survival craft station, and emergency duties. In the event of an emergency, deckhands must know where emergency equipment is and how to use it. The one event feared most by deckhands is a fire on board. You will be trained in firefighting procedures and maintenance of equipment when you become a part of the crew. You will learn the location of firefighting equipment and become familiar with the different types of fires you may encounter and what firefighting extinguisher is best to use to fight each one. [CLASSES OF FIRES] There are four classes of fires that are common on ships. Class A, this is a fire that is fueled by common combustible materials such as wood, paper, and cloth. Class B are fueled by flammable liquids and gases such as gasoline, propane, and solvents. Class C, this class of fire is caused by electrical equipment. And class K, this type of fire usually occurs in the galley from cooking oils. Onboard your vessel, you will find four different types [TYPES OF EXTINGUISHERS] of fire extinguishers, water hoses, CO2 fire extinguisher, dry chemical extinguishers, and clean agent extinguishers. You can find the fire axe mounted at the main deck. This could be used in an emergency situation to cut a towing hawser or line. Become familiar with your vessel's whistle and horn signals. These signals can be used to communicate with other vessels to signal a fire on board or abandon ship alarm. [WHAT WE'VE LEARNED] You are now a member of a very important and unique industry that is responsible for delivering cargo over the inland waterway. Working on tugboats and barges provides deckhands a chance to experience unique environments, chances to advance in the industry, and an opportunity to earn good money and gain practical skills. In this video, you familiarized yourself with towing vessels that you will work on, their layout and deck fittings on board, types of barges that you will work on and the cargo they carry, equipment that you will use on a daily basis, the PPE that is required, and where to find emergency equipment. You will soon be able to work on a variety of jobs that require you follow any and all safety practices. No matter what job you are doing, make sure you do it safely. Your fellow deckhands are relying on you for safely rigging lines and wires, using the proper equipment and lines for the right jobs, and general maintenance of the boat and barge. [MTS Maritime Training Services]

Video Details

Duration: 12 minutes and 57 seconds
Country: Andorra
Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
Genre: None
Views: 42
Posted by: maritimetraining on Feb 12, 2018

Inland Vessel & Barge Familiarization

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