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Edith Kaphuka - Ngwale Village, Malawi - Nyanja (Global Lives Project, 2007) ~10:16:21 - 10:31:22

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You don't have time to get organized, to take things with you. You are only running away. What you want is to make your life safer. "Saying yes, I want to be at a better place with my life." Now, that is an example. Now, people will suffer in different ways. One, they will not have with them some food to eat. No food. Right? No means to help themselves. There are no clothes. No clothes. They have no beddings. They just leave. Hey, there is war... Sometimes it happens that you meet up with your friends who are also running away, they are tired. You see them coming from afar, and you gasp! Then you too start to run. You're running from others, and they're also running from another place. You come to a stop somewhere to find others exhausted and breathless as they are approaching. People are coming in from all directions. You start to wonder which direction you ought to take? You suffer. Processing a lot of thoughts. No food, you're hungry. Now, in due course, you may find that some people die. Others die on the way to seeking refuge. That is one effect of migration. What other problems are there? What else happens? What else could happen? Yes, Palamulani? Lack of shelter. There's no place to live? Lack of shelter. Due to population increase, places where you are migrating, right? Population increase. Leaving the places where we lived, right? Going some place else. We find other people there, right? If there were about 50 or 100 people before. So you migrate there; you've left your home. You've moved to the area with 100 people. You find that you've added on to the population there. Now that is another effect. You've increased the population. Now, on the environment... Things that are natural there; You start cutting down trees. Clearing land so that you build your houses. You see? What happens to the environment then? We've destroyed it. Ok. What else could happen? Many things get destroyed. Loss of property. Many things go to waste. You don't take them with you. You waste a lot. Environmental degradation is reduced in the areas you have left. Meanwhile, in the new locations, degradation increases. Social services is reducing the area to where you are migrating. And the opposite? Who is yelling? Here, two points represent social services: In the areas you've left... f there was a decent hospital where people received treatment. you find that, in that area, now that you've vacated it... pressure [on demand for medication] is reduced. You have created an opportunity for others to enjoy lower demands on resources. They say, 'Those people were in our way'. They were better off. It's good that they've left. So they now have the opportunity to enjoy ample resources. But pressure increases in the area where you have relocated to. It's increased because you've added to the population, right? So if you were in a line to get medicine, you stand there... There were 3 people at first. But now that you've joined, you find that there are 6 people standing in line instead. You've increased, you've added pressure to the area you've moved to. -Do we agree? -Yes! -You understand? -Yes! The standard of life for the migrating people is low. Because you've recently moved, the life you had in the previous location is different from the one you have in the new area. The standard of life is low. You appear to be a newcomer. Even some people say that you are newcomers. When you arrive, someone will say, 'Ah, where have you come from?' 'Don't disturb us.' 'You've just come here. You've just migrated.' 'We don't know what you did in your hometown.' So, the standard of life there is low. It leads to depletion of natural resources: trees, water and wild animals. In the area you've migrated to... It depletes... the... ...depletes the natural resources. For example, trees. You start cutting down trees. Animals migrate, runnning away from you. In some areas, you run out of water. Because you've cleared the land. So these, among other effects, these are some of the effects of migration. We've already said that many people suffer. It's not just people. Animals suffer too. They suffer just because of migration. A lot happens. Secondly, a lot of people die. They die because of migration. There are many things that happen. Sometimes they leave without food, they just walk. They leave a lot behind. They don't have blankets, protective clothing; They're just walking. They have no means of helping themselves. Loss of property. Many things get lost. Not many things are taken. A lot gets left behind. So the population will increase in the new location, the population goes up. Meanwhile the population goes down in the area you've left, the population is reduced. The pressure on the environment is increasing in the place where you are migrating to. While the place you migrate out of, the pressure on the land is reduced. -We agree, right? -Yes! -Huh? -Yes! Ok, now... Take out your text books so we can have a look at where we left off. Eliza, Eliza... Could you lend me a pen? Throw it, Eliza. Give it to me. -Natasha, lend me one if you have it. -Never mind, take it. Do you have a blue pen? Do you have a blue pen? We wrote the last sentence as, "when people move out of an area..." "...e.g. a region, it is called immigration." -Right? -No? We left here. I thought it was this? "When people move out of an area, e.g. a region..." ...it is called immigration." -Is it not here? - Yes! -No! -Is it not here? -Yes! Read, so that we know what the notes say. "People may also leave this country to settle in another country." -"People may also leave their country and settle in another country." -Yes! -This is called external migration. -Yes! -We left off here right? -Yes! Glady, she's calling you. Pen. -Who's taken my blue pen? -I don't know. So silly. Aah! You'll have to leave and find your own chair. You'll get kicked. Just be quiet. Can I borrow it, to use it as support when I am writing? -What? -Just use it; it's no problem.

Video Details

Duration: 15 minutes and 2 seconds
Country: Malawi
Producer: www.globallives.org
Director: Jason Price
Views: 165
Posted by: glm_administrator on Jun 24, 2008

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