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I - What is Auschwitz -10/ Crematoriums (10/15)

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Some might say to me: "But if it was not to exterminate en masse, why have built all these crematoriums in the camp of Birkenau?" The answer is: In early summer 1942, a severe epidemic typhus struck the camp of Birkenau. Quickly, hospitals were overcrowded by patients. A doctor, Dr. Tremer, assigned to Auschwitz end August 42, speaks of a first injection against the struck of typhus, from 31 August 1942. On September 7, he mentions a second injection against the struck of typhus. The last injection was administered to him on September 14, 1942, while he had diarrhea in this camp. And, on October 3, 1942 he wrote: "In Auschwitz, entire streets are annihilated by typhus." It is in this context that the camp authorities required crematoriums construction, in order to cremate the dead. You see here a first letter dated July 29, 1942. They ask for the construction of only one crematorium, for a sum of several hundred thousand Reichsmark. On the screen now, Auschwitz plans of August 15, 1942. It finally shows that not one, but two crematoriums will be built. We are in August 1942, I recall, which is in full typhus epidemic. For now there is no question of crematoriums 4 and 5. But yet, at the same time, the epidemic is so severe that finally, Auschwitz authorities are demanding the construction of two other crematoriums Krema 4 and 5. At the time, the urgency was such, that in the first plans of Krema 4 and 5, only the stove, and the part of the building, which was to contain it, were drawn, the rest will come later. Now, on the screen is the plan of Auschwitz drawn on February 17, 1943. Crematoriums 2 and 3 appear clearly, as well as 4 and 5. As we see, the construction of the crematoriums was held in a non extermination context, but in a struggle against a serious epidemic that plague in the camp. Let's go further and talk about the efficiency of Auschwitz crematoriums. In Nuremberg, the Soviet prosecution filed a document, according to which, in Auschwitz, theoretically, 5,121,000 people could have been slaughtered and incinerated. However, the authors believe that, in practice, 4 million had been slaughtered and incinerated. It's on the basis of this document, that the figure of 4 million was inscribed on the memorial plates affixed to the camp entrance. In 1990 however, Poles lowered the amount of Auschwitz victims They stated that, contrary to what was written on the memorial plates, there had not been 4 million dead in Auschwitz, but between 1.1 and 1.5 million. How reliable are these new estimates? In 1999, Pere Lachaise crematorium [Paris, France] has been modernized, we learned that with its three ovens, he could incinerate 15 or 16 bodies a day. Armed with this data, let's perform a small calculation: 15-16 bodies per day - 9 hours work, that is 40 incineration in 24 hours. in 19 months = 22,800 incinerations Knowing that in Auschwitz there was not 3, but 52 ovens, it represents 395,200, theoretically, of course. In practice, if we consider that ovens must be often stopped, for maintenance, etc. that is 316,160 incinerations. i.e. approximately 300,000. We are far from 1-1,500,000 to the official thesis. But these figures still have to be reduced. In the 90s, indeed, an Italian historian helped by an expert in cremations, studied the returns of Auschwitz crematoriums. They arrived both to the conclusion that, in theory, all the Auschwitz crematoriums could have incinerated about 293,000 people. And in practice, 162,000 bodies. We are far from the 1-1,500,000 of the official thesis.

Video Details

Duration: 6 minutes and 48 seconds
Year: 2016
Country: Andorra
Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
Views: 27
Posted by: didi18 on Jan 8, 2016

I - Qu'est-ce que Auschwitz -10 les fours crématoires (10-15)

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