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Female Anatomy Part 1- External Organs_Final

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>> Hi there, and thanks for joining us today. It's really great to see you. In this lecture, we'll be talking about female anatomy. While you're probably familiar with the basics, we'll be taking more in-depth look at the lady parts so that you can become more knowledgeable on how the reproductive system actually works. Many times, women are almost completely in the dark when it comes to understanding their female anatomy. You may come across clients who have a general idea, but most often you will encounter women who haven't got a clue about what's going on down there. For many women, a better understanding of their anatomy, particularly the vulvar area including the clitoris, can lead to feelings of empowerment and result in much greater sexual pleasure. Arousal and orgasm release all the feel good hormones like dopamine, oxytocin, and serotonin. Yes, orgasm and overall sexual pleasure are great stress relievers and even help to keep our hormones balanced. We know how awkward conversations about sex with clients can be. But part of the job of being a health coach is to have the conversations with your clients that no one else is having, including sex talk. In addition, sex is an important primary food, and you always want to be working with clients on primary foods. It's not just about healing what's wrong but also enhancing what's good. With this lecture, we'll start with the external female anatomy, reviewing all of the players involved and how they interact with each other. In the next lecture, we'll discuss the internal anatomy, which includes the vagina, cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes. The vulva is the general term for the external female sex organs. It includes the labia minora, labia majora, Bartholin's glands, clitoris, the urinary opening or urethra, the opening to the vagina, and the perineum. First, let's talk about the labia minora, also known as the inner labia. The labia minora are the inner lips around the vagina. They are covered with hairless skin and have almost no fat. There are two, one on either side which meet to form the hood of the clitoris, and then surround the lateral size of the clitoris. From the clitoris, the labia minora continue toward the anus. They gradually become smaller until they blend into the perineum. The middle region of the labia minora covers and protects the openings of the urethra and the vagina from the exterior environment. The inner labia have oil glands to help keep the skin moisturized. They are also extremely sensitive and can contribute to arousal. When estrogen levels are low as it might be seen in pre-menopause and menopause, the skin covering the labia can become thin and sensitive. Second, we have the labia majora also called the outer labia. The labia majora are the outer lips. Unlike the labia minora, these are covered in hair. The tissue of the labia majora is also very fatty to help protect the vulvar area. Both the inner and outer labia become swollen and more moist when a woman is aroused. There is a great deal of variety in the size, shape, and color of both the labia minora and majora. The amount of pubic hair also varies greatly. This can be stressful for many women because they compare their own bodies to what they see in magazines and pornography. If you have a client who is concerned that she isn't normal down there, you can help encourage body positivity by letting her know that most of what is in magazines is photoshopped, and that the adult industry promotes a certain look, one that isn't representative of the vast array of vulvas out there. Help your clients connect to the often forgotten truth that their bodies are beautiful and desirable. I find it helpful to remind my female clients that just like our faces, vulvas are all unique and different. There is a set of two glands located on either side of the vagina called the Bartholin's glands. The Bartholin's glands are specialized sweat glands that produce lubrication. They lay under the skin between the inner and outer labia. There are two of them, and they're each about half a centimeter in size. Imagining the vagina as a clock with the clitoris at the 12 o'clock position, the Bartholin's glands are located at the 4 o'clock and 8 o'clock positions. They have a duct that goes from the gland to the vagina which secretes vaginal lubrication. While there is usually some lubrication at all times, the amount goes up significantly during arousal. However, the Bartholin glands are only responsible for a small part of the vaginal lubrication, the rest comes from fluid secreted by the walls of the vagina. Unfortunately, for some women, the Bartholin's glands can become inflamed, swollen, and even completely blocked. If a female client complaints of a painless or slightly tender lump in the labia, it maybe what's known as Bartholin cyst. There are many reasons why this may develop, but always encourage your clients to visit their gynecologist to rule out a sexually transmitted infection. Another common cause is a yeast infection which may be a sign of dysbiosis or elevated blood sugar. Regardless of the cause, if a client discovers a cyst when they examine themselves, they should see a physician as these cysts may require treatment. Fourth, we will be talking about the clitoris. Did you know that it's actually much bigger than most women even realize? And it has around 8000 nerve endings, which is twice the number of the penis. The clitoris sits just behind the pubic bone and is much bigger than just a little knob most people are aware of. It is the female equivalent of the male penis with a massive number of very sensitive nerves at the tip of the clitoris known as the glans. The glans is covered by a hood that helps to protect it from too much stimulation. The body of the clitoris which surrounds the glans becomes erect during arousals, similar to what the penis does. It has two cylindrical extensions called the crura that fill up with blood allowing it to harden and stand out more. The biggest difference is that it has no role in urination. The nerve endings in the body and glans are sensitive to both direct touch and pressure on the vulva, while the nerve endings of the crura are sensitive to stimulation from within the vagina. Stimulation of the clitoris is responsible for the majority of the sexual pleasure and sensation in the female body. Women differ in their enjoyment of clitoral stimulation, from some who prefer very direct and firm pressure to others who dislike any direct clitoral contact and all variations in between. Explain to your clients that each woman is different, and that it's totally normal if their preferences differ from other woman they know. It's up to a woman to take responsibility for her pleasure and learn what works best for her particular body. However, since this is such a taboo subject and a topic of shame for so many people, they may have never taken the time or initiative to explore and take charge of what feels good for their bodies. Remember, helping clients who struggle with owning, expressing, or getting in touch with their sexuality can be a huge source of empowerment and an important area of primary food that may be neglected. Next, let's talk about the opening to the urinary tract which is called the urethra. The urethra sits behind the clitoris nestled within the inner labia. It's generally well protected by the labia. However, it's susceptible to infection especially if a woman wipes from back to front which can bring fecal bacteria into the area. It's also sensitive to overstimulation which can happen due to its close proximity to the clitoris and the vaginal opening. It is very common for some women to develop urinary tract symptoms or infections after a vigorous or extended sexual activity. This can also happen if there is not enough lubrication. These infections can be highly unpleasant with a sense of urgency and a burning sensation when urinating. Fortunately, symptoms usually calm down within a day or two, as most infections are minor. In the case of true infection, symptoms will become progressively worst and will require testing and treatment. Sixth, we have the vaginal opening which is the external opening to the vagina. The terms vulva and vagina are often used interchangeably, but the vagina is actually the four to five inch long tunnel that connects the labia to the cervix and uterus. The opening to the vagina is located below the clitoris and the urethra, just above the anal opening. It's surrounded by both the inner and outer labia. In most women, the opening of the vagina is more sensitive than the vaginal walls. The possible exception to this is the G-spot, which we'll discuss more when we talk about the vaginal anatomy. From birth, the opening is partially obscured by the hymen, a thin membrane that either partially or completely covers the opening. This is usually disrupted by tampon usage or sexual activity. A completely intact hymen without any opening at all is called an imperforate hymen. This can block the flow of menstrual fluid and requires treatment by a medical practitioner. During delivery, the walls of the vagina are able to stretch quite a bit to allow passage of a baby. Most mid-wives and some doctors will encourage perennial massage to help stretch the opening before delivery. The mid-wife or birth partner can perform this. For some women, birth happens before the opening is completely stretched or they may have scarred tissue from previous deliveries or a surgery. If the vaginal opening tears during delivery or if the doctor or a mid-wife makes a cut in the opening called and episiotomy, this will require repair. The vaginal opening is usually able to go back to its pre-delivery size. However, if there is an injury to the vaginal wall during delivery, this can change the elasticity of the vaginal walls as scarred tissue forms. It's recommended that women see a pelvic physical therapist post partum to help facilitate proper healing. Some times, these tears can extend into the anal area causing long-term difficulties with rectal control. Women don't often volunteer this information. So be sure to offer your clients a safe space and the opportunity to discuss any birth trauma they might have experienced. Shame and concern may interfere with day-to-day function, self-esteem, and sexual pleasure for these women. Last, we have the perineum. The area between the vagina and the anal opening is called the perineum. This can be a sensitive area for many women, and pressure or stroking on this area can be arousing. The skin of the perineum is thin and should be treated with care. That wraps up our discussion of the female external reproductive organs. Let's recap. We talked about the inner and outer labia, the clitoris, the vaginal opening, the urethra, and the perineum. We've discussed the anatomy, and we've also talked a little about how all of these organs are part of a woman's sexual pleasure, an important aspect of empowerment and primary food. Conversations around these topics can be awkward and feel taboo. But as a Health Coach, it's important that you acknowledge all aspects of your client's health, including reproductive and sexual health. How comfortable are you talking about sex and what's going on down there with your clients? Is this something you've discussed before? Something you're afraid to do? Share your feelings and your experiences with us over in the Facebook group. Remember, we're here to support you. Thanks so much for watching, and see you soon.

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Duration: 11 minutes and 30 seconds
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Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
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Views: 6
Posted by: ninaz on Apr 13, 2018

Female Anatomy Part 1- External Organs_Final

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