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Garbage Management Plan

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The ocean is vast. It's deeper in places than Mount Everest and it covers over 2/3 of the earth's surface. It is home to 90% of life on this planet and is a critical resource for human life. Tragically, the ocean is now polluted by over 100 million tons of plastic debris. MARPOL, or the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, contains two annexes targeted at eliminating waste pollution from ships. These two regulations are an important step towards protecting our oceans. In this program, we'll learn how Annex IV governs the collection and disposal of sewage at sea. We'll also look at the requirements for sorting, storing, and disposal of garbage. We'll learn about the MARPOL requirements for a Garbage Management Plan. And we'll show you how to correctly fill out a Garbage Record Book. Annex IV places restrictions on the discharge of sewage from vessels engaged on International voyages. It entered into force in 2003 and applies to vessels in excess of 400 gross tons as well as passenger vessels. Sewage includes drainage and waste from toilets, the ship's hospital, spaces containing live animals, and any wastewater mixed with sewage. The regulations also established three zones of sewage control. Within 3 nautical miles of land only sewage from approved treatment plants may be discharged. Between 3 and 12 nautical miles from shore, sewage that has been fully treated and disinfected may be discharged provided the ship is en route. Outside of the 12 mile limit, sewage may be discharged without treatment. Annex IV also designates the Baltic Sea as a special area where passenger vessels may not discharge sewage except through an approved sewage treatment plant. MARPOL Annex V took effect in 2013 and controls the collection and discharge of garbage from ships. It also directs that any garbage discharge should occur as far from land as possible. Item's you're allowed to discharge include food waste, bulk cargo residue, wash water, and animal carcasses. The Annex bans dumping of plastic waste in any form including ashes from incinerated plastic. No other refuse may be discharged to the sea. Food waste may be discharged beyond the 12 mile limit. And if ground finer than a 25 mm mesh may be discharged at 3 miles. Cargo residues, along with wash water containing cargo residue or from the deck may be discharged outside of 12 nautical miles providing they do not contain any substances harmful to the environment. Animal carcasses must be discharged as far from land as possible. If food waste cannot be separated from other garbage, the most stringent discharge requirements apply. As with Annex IV, Annex V outlines special areas in which additional regulations apply. These special areas include The North Sea, Baltic Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Red Sea, Persian Gulf, and Gulf of Oman, the Antarctic below 60 degrees south, and the wider Caribbean Region which includes the Gulf of Mexico. Within these areas, food waste may only be discharged when 12 nautical miles or farther from land. Food wastes must be ground to 25 mm or smaller. In Australia, the nearest land designation begins at the eastern edge of the Great Barrier Reef and no discharge may occur there. Cargo residue may only be discharged in special areas if the cargo residue and cleaning agents do not contain any substance harmful to the environment. Both the port of departure and the port of destination are within the special area and the ship will not leave the special area between calls if there are no adequate reception facilities for residue at those ports. In all circumstances, the 12 mile limit must be observed. The Antarctic Region has additional requirements which include sterilizing any garbage that contains Avian products including poultry. Passenger vessels and vessels of 100 tons and above are required to carry a Garbage Management Plan. The Garbage Management Plan outlines procedures for minimizing, collecting, storing, processing, and disposing of garbage. The plan also designates a person or persons in charge of carrying out the plan. Additionally, the plan must list the ships particulars and the garbage storage arrangements. A good Garbage Management Plan begins dockside by reducing excess packaging that may come aboard with the ship's stores. On board, Annex V requires placards to be posted informing the crew of garbage discharge regulations to best manage garbage. It should be separated by type. The Garbage Management Plan should also include instructions for incineration and compacting procedures if the ship is equipped. Annex V also requires passenger ships and ships of 400 tons or greater be supplied a Garbage Record Book. Every discharge to the sea or reception facility or completed incineration must be recorded promptly in the Garbage Record Book. Additionally, a waste delivery receipt must be obtained from the port facility. If the port reception facility is inadequate to receive waste or refuses reception, this inadequacy must be reported in the Garbage Record Book alongside the proper IMO forms. For the purposes of the Garbage Record Book, garbage is to be grouped into categories as follows: plastics, food wastes, domestic wastes, cooking oil, incinerator ashes, operational ashes, cargo residues, animal carcasses, and fishing gear. Each entry must be signed by the officer in charge, and each completed page of the book will be signed by the Master of the Ship. Entries in the Garbage Record Book must be in either English, French, or Spanish. Each entry should include the date, time, position, category of garbage, and the estimated amount discharged or incinerated. In the event of an accidental loss or discharge of garbage, an entry should be made in the Garbage Record Book detailing the location, circumstances, reason for discharge, details of items lost, and the precautions taken to prevent loss. In this program, we learned the rules regarding sewage collection and treatment aboard ships and when you're allowed to discharge. We also saw what kind of garbage can be discharged overboard, what types need to be stored, and when and where you can safely discharge. We learned about Garbage Management Plans and how they provide you the information to stay safely within international law. And we also saw how to correctly fill out the Garbage Record Book including what to do in the case of an accidental discharge.

Video Details

Duration: 8 minutes and 37 seconds
Country: Andorra
Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
Genre: None
Views: 6
Posted by: maritimetraining on Mar 3, 2017

Garbage Management Plan

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