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Leading the Change: School 2.0, educating participation

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Hi I'm Dolors Reig the editor of the blog on technology and education that you see on screen and among the first in Spain on this subject. and what we are going to talk about today is Education 2.0 or a little about all its possibilities of all the opportunities of knowledge that the web is enabling I always say in conferences and other events, that we should stop seeing the web as something negative something that violates the privacy of children as something that threatens their security instead, should be seen as a whole universe of possibilities and opportunities for learning, self-learning, social learning etc. to discover, beyond the apparent dangers we'll talk about it some more. For now I will show you the cover slide for this presentation right here you have an url code that will take you to the blog: El Caparazon. I'll be delighted to have you as visitors there Well now, let's begin our talk for today. First by defining education or what we understand by education. A good definition that you see on screen is Hodgekins'. It tells us that the aim of the education system should not be only production, labor for the industry but to produce responsible citizens and I would add happy citizens. This last part is my own. And more than anything because when I think of the phrase I immediately think of Finland Finland is a country, as you know, that the indicators of success for schools are the best in Europe. They are the most positive in Europe, but nevertheless is producing a population that is not too happy and indicators of depression, suicide etc. are also quite high. So, I think what we should aspire not only to have these responsible citizens but happy ones too. Not just for industry. If you know, here in Europe, the Bologna plan has been very controversial to unify universities. in higher education. And one of the fundamental problems is precisely that is focusing on producing citizens for industry. In producing workers, produce people very good for work but may not meet these two other objectives that I think are most important. The fact to produce responsible citizens and the fact of producing happy and self-made citizens I think the web has many points or have elements to achieve the latter two targets, not just the first It's funny because, I tell a story about it. Education arises precisely in order to produce better workers. When in the early days of schools its creators directed to the homes of parents and children. And the parents said, how come you are going to take my child away? Eight years of his life to take him to a school. If my child is working at home and is producing many kilos of wheat per year or as many more. My son is helping me in the industry, in the farm, on the family farm The school says: Calm down, we are going to take him for a while but then will return him best-trained for work. The irony is that this is still the case. We have the opportunity to change it now and start producing more responsible and happy citizens. Business 2.0, Culture 2.0, Politics 2.0, Education 2.0, see in the image that where we live in is a paradigm shift, a wave that clarifies everything to this element ... I do not like the name 2.0, let's call it social interaction element that changes everything, somehow. Another anecdote that will help you understand this point very well is what Clay Shirky used to write on Cognitive Surplus and saying that parents are watching TV with a 3-year old girl and she started looking behind the TV and searching around I remember how my grandfather told me that when the first television sets appeared people were doing the same, it was like magic, it wasn't understood that people were not there physically. A little girl's parents feel the same way and say, do not search around, the characters are not there and laugh ... the girl turning around, looking and saying, no, no ... I am looking for the mouse, where is the mouse? she is incapable of understanding a screen without interaction That's the change, the 2.0 can be translated to interaction, social element, business horizontalization, culture, consumers that are also producers (prosumers), etc ... Change can be seen in the words of Seth Godin, "If you think that the fallout in the newspaper was dramatic, wait until you see what happens to education", I think it also helps us to understand a bit what is happening. Maybe even, this reference does not make sense, the reality is that the director of the NY Times said recently that its print edition will disappear in 2 years. Let's say the reality of that phrase may seem exaggerated. May take more or less for the media to realize, but the reality they will live is this, that of a radical change in the forms of distribution, but especially with regard to this element we mentioned, interaction. In education, we see, and in 2010 Bill Gates is saying what you see in the phrase: "in 5 years, the best education will come from the web" The best "lectures", international conferences of the best speakers will be available via web and the content costs ...the costs of schooling will be reduced dramatically from 20,000 to $ 50,000 a year today to about 2000 - 5000, Gates said. Statements are made on the occasion of the release of a film, "Waiting for Superman", which we'll talk about more later. It is this Open Social Learning, reducing costs, democratizing, education horizontalization is possible thanks to the OSL In fact K12 conference itself is an excellent example of Open Social Learning. This is the president of Spain, Zapatero. He says "If we do not protect intellectual property we will be left without intellectual production." Without political overtones to the conference, I do want to answer Zapatero on this video: We can create on the web without intellectual property rights such fantastic things like the one you are listening to ... Eric Whitacre and a virtual orchestra is worth knowing ... What you are going to listen to now are 240 voices, I think, distributed around the world, singing a song in unison . It's worth listening to, you will find it on Youtube. The important thing is that it gives a good idea of the potential of collective creativity if we remove any barriers, such as the copyright or any other method of protecting intellectual property. Wikipedia was created in 1% of the time population of the U.S. spends watching television, I think it is a fact that also gives us an idea of what might be the world without these laws that were intended for other times, born with the printing press and there were not even considered in times of Shakespeare or Cervantes. Both acknowledge that their work arising from ideas, Cervantes of Arabian tales, in the case of Shakespeare's England era. It is very difficult in any case, to be original anymore. If someday you wake up thinking 'how smart I am " search the Internetbefore rejoicing. Because it is very likely that in English or in Chinese someone has thought of it before. The chances that you will not be original are endless. May not make sense in this context that we can all share ideas as easily as, claim them as their own. Common sense is lacking, according to Lawrence Lessig. This picture tries to illustrate what might have happened to airspace. At the beginning of the century when you bought land you were the owner, not just its horizontal but also vertical nature. When the first aircraft came to be, farmers complained that the chickens couldn't lay because of the fault of the planes, and claimed their vertical property rights The law adopted the common sense rather than strict review and what they do is change the law, thus protecting the development of aviation. It is something that does not happen now, applying common sense to things like creativity, the creative revolution that could be living on the web, have a future. It is something beyond the logic of bits, which are by nature free. All creative work is derivative, every book is hypertext, ideas are free, more bit formats, which avoids any attempt of localization. This video leads us to the realm of sculpture. You will find it as "All creative work is derivative" on Youtube. The idea is that this revolution in the intellectual or content production, not only can be seen by the 24 hours of video uploaded to YouTube every minute but also, from this small application, example of what can be done in terms of research data in the open web. Gary Hayes, I found it curiously thanks to Wesley Fryer, one of the organizers of the K12 Online conference. Represents data as the rise of tweets, posts, increased the number of Internet users, etc ... in real time. The issue takes us back to something that bothers me a lot lately. I always say that the major gap is not the digital divide, as the internet access but the participation gap. The important issue is that people are not accustomed to participate, to contribute content, etc ... I read recently a report that troubled me: as the number of users in social networks increases, content production has stagnated. In part it is the fault of governments and educators who are not working hard enough in terms of fostering participation. The chances are that as we glimpse the 3 sentences we see: Shirky's cognitive surplus or watching about how TV has dummied us for so long, without providing an active intellectual force in society. It is also important to highlight the social surplus, we are much more social than we ever thought and really That is something that is felt in the evolution of the web ... and this creative surplus always relates to the possibilities of technology. The technology has to be able to do, in a creative way, everything in the current context of the web. Lack of creativity ... Another way to explain it, is the abundance of answers, lack of questions that we experience on the web. A few years ago we had many questions and rarely answers to those questions. Libraries, our parents, would gave us a few answers. Today, through a smartphone, the web, google, teaching critical thinking, we have access to all the answers in the world. What is missing are the right questions. Young people have a huge responsibility in that regard. We talked about a remix environment of creative possibilities, also an environment,in which becomes crucial the social element. Original way of introducing ourselves to all those marks that are allowing us to interact and share content. This idea is powerful, it helps us understand the new importance of the social: The child tells the teacher: Do not argue with me that I have 8237 followers more than you. Is the "selfcomunication" christened by Castells that also tells us that if the message is sufficiently powerful, we can have the same ability to spread it than the so-called mass media. From learning content to learn to be social, the important gap is the participation gap. It is very easy today to create groups, join various social networks, several groups, etc .... and what really is happening is what you see here: Almost invariably those involved are 1%, 9% occasionally participate and 90% are lurkers If you want to verify the reality of this, think of the wikipedia. I myself am at the 9, and the majority are lurkers in it, only visited. Social development opportunities on the web are immense. Sharism and these ideas tell us that we are much more social than we ever thought I am a psychologist of origin and when I was studying mirror neurons weren't known yet. This is a recent discovery that explains how we directly learn by watching others, just as if we had carried out the action. The frontal lobe develops when humans began to organize in groups. We are starting to talk even of empathetic civilization. This globalization of the emotions, the new possibility of living in joy and suffering directly this experience, almost as direct as the umbilical cord, which is very striking in the case of natural disasters, etc ... make us develop empathy as a civilization that before, by connecting fictionally through television, we could not experience. Network theories, from the physics perspective, convey the idea that we need to look at complex systems with flexibility. The success of any complex system on the web depends on what we look, because it has emergent properties. Look at twitter. There are two keys to success on the web: watching and being able to adapt quickly. an application that is updated every year makes no sense. Honest signals, the importance of social behavior, nonverbal ... better predicts the outcome of any negotiations that the verbal. Alex Pentland talks about it, the Sociometry, in his book Honest Signals. One hundred better than one, the idea of collective intelligence ... if now in a room full of people we asked for a glass measure, the result of average would be more accurate than any individual trial, the idea that the masses are quite smart. One story I read on Surowiecki's book on this subject, collective intelligence, when the Challenger disaster occured, the shares' flotation of the company responsible for manufacturing defects, decreased even before you have researched the subject. One of the main ideas of the Web is changing the ways of being together. If Western societies are widespread luxuries like long period traveling it has been at the expense of overcrowding, too, to the discomfort of being too close. Internet returns us to the social comfort. The convenience of working with large groups from secure positions. Bauman would say that liquid societies are increasingly dangerous. and would be more comfortable being social from the safety of our own homes. About learning, this knowledge gives us some clues. 10% of what we read remains, learning by doing represents 90% of what we learn. This gives us an idea of the possibilities of the web as an environment for experimentation: augmented reality, mobile web, support this way of learning. Especially regarding the classical reading, with the 80% less likely to become meaningful learning. Still, for lovers, like me, of reading, we have to say it is not certain the idea that we read less with the web. On the contrary, even in text we deal since we do on the web or via mobile. We read and write more than ever. We have here a powerful idea, the idea that on the web everything is possible if we have what Gladwell would describe as the 10,000 hours required for become experts in something. He did it in Outliers, a book that analyzes the peculiarities of geniuses. Think of women, in the limited role played in the history of science until now because they could not devote time to their professional development also in the possibilities of web for the development of children in third world countries(ICT4D) ... After the technological revolution comes the creative revolution, it's time to create, investigate, ask questions, develop the cognitive surplus. I think the web is enabling the new literacies, literacies that are not necessarily verbatim, related to the right hemisphere. Young people grow up editing the videos that we saw, are developing the right brain, synthesizer, visual, emotional (think of social networks), the web has a lot of right brain development. Reading and writing formed much left brain, it's the turn of the right brain. Important learning issues is what you have here: Siemens' Connectivism, Social Learning, the web gives us back the social character of learning Cross' Informal Learning, learning all the time and place has always been important, especially now with the possibilities of the web Downes' elearning 2.0, Learning Communities, Virtual version in Rheingold, Constructivism, Proximal Development Zone's concept together with that of Personal Learning Networks get a new importance, each connection is a possibility for learning Jim Groom, Zemos98, Redesign, Piscitelli, idea of edupunk, ways to learn more multimedia. This video reflects well some of these concepts and the changes which we live. "Son, Can I ask you a question? Yes father, tell me. What is the wap portal of the staff? The WAP portal is a web site but made especially for a phone. It is much easier. How do I enter? Look, you have to press to enter here. Wherein says internet access. You can browse the web portal. And what is it good for? You can download games, videos, you can use the messenger, you can download full mp3 files. "Full mp3 what? Full mp3 dad. They are songs but complete. But it is full. Thanks son. They're so cute sometimes. Personal surf WAP and download the content that you like. Well little to say. The announcement in this case explains well what is happening We can learn from our children. And that is something unique. or that our children can teach us. Not only in the management of technology But also on creativity. Experimentation, playing, both are possible in this environment. It is an environment akin to experimentation and play. There are even theorists who claim that the theories of games are very important in education. Network theories are important to understand what is happening on the Internet but also theories of play are important. And I think it is easy to understand if we see this video here. We do not really know if it is fake or not but mostly for what it represents. It gives us an idea of what games do very good: motivation. It is something we teachers should know how to do. I always say That when a child who has no school tomorrow goes like this or has this behavior. We say that the teachers really seduce that the school functions and there will not be dropouts. The students will be motivated, etc ... This is a child with withdrawal of War of Warcraft. this video game we all know Well, it's exaggerated. Also I recommend to watch this calmly. Because it's very exaggerated, the panic attacks he reaches Well what is clear is that we do not how to encourage or don't know that something is failing in school if it doesn´t motivate kids as games do. If you observe, there is something very clear, and that is the subject of reinforcement. The school reinforces at the very long term. When my daughter asks me why to study. I tell her to be somebody when she grows up If after i performe the exercise of putting myself in the shoes of a girl of twelve, What is to be older? When one is old? Is a goal really ambiguous, which does not surprise me that they would attempt to do the minimum courses and try to pass some more. We are really not knowing how to motivated or we do not know how to reinforce intermittently it is a basis of constant motivation to our students, one of the issues that we should improve as educators. The issue of mobile phones. For example, the issue of having the phone off in class when the cell phone, as said by John Seeley Brown in a very good quote amplifies naturally the curiosity or may be the gateway in this world with all the possible answers. More so in developing countries, the called Mobile for development. In the image we had children in developing countries. The mobile web assumes the fact that Africa and many third world countries do not have computers but mobile phones. And from there we can make things so fantastic. such as to make them read classic works. Or let them read about important things, etc ... Not only we are talking about games but abour these are issues that are important there. And a little about this idea you have here Learning in complex environments in which existing knowledge can be applied to new contexts requires an exploratory approach, a little bit the idea that i shared before that the Web is a new type of complex network. Complex networks such as environments that tend to develop or develop emergent properties and therefore unpredictable. this flexibility and this need to adapt to constant change. The experience you see here is an example of why the need for flexibility although this does not seem like it, is actually happening in schools MBA on Masters of BA, traditional business management schools, in the sense of why the success of Google. Successful companies apparently are not managed according to traditional canons of business, of training in assigning roles, time management, task allocation, etc ... This example is to ask groups of people to build a tower as high as possible based on what you see. candy, marshmallow and spaghetti. This is passed to a group of housewives is passed to a group of executives to a group of children the result is exactly what you're thinking. Who wins, who makes the tallest structure in the shortest time possible? children do, clearly the kindergarten children are those who achieve a better result. It happens that executives begin, what you must be thinking, Assign tasks, assign roles, etc ... They build the structure once, it falls, and do not have time to try again. Children, by trial and error, from the very beginning, in a complex task like this do better, they start right away. built it a dozen times, and the twelfth time is enduring and they win the test A little idea of flexibility or the need for flexible approaches adaptive to complex environments like we're dealing with on the web. Plenty of answers, as we said, we must ask the right questions. This is an example of the open data web. The web of open data. Freeing data from public institutions. In this case the evolution of unemployment in Spain. Would be accessible through google and could be studied and researched in any subject. For example, in psychology Correlation research could do performed. To correlate Unemployment with indexes of depression, for example, would be an interesting investigation. The idea that we can investigate not only learn. One of the skills that teachers could be promoting in a much greater extent than ever, thanks to the web is to teach them to investigate live and also to generate knowledge. Do not leave it alone for a group of professional researchers. Could be investigated also during training. our participants, our users. A little the idea that the web as a platform for inquiry learning. Well we have so many opportunities like this in third world countries. This is the experience of Sumatra Mitra ¨ The Hole in the Wall ¨. Placing computers in Indian streets to see how the children's curiosity is capable of learning in a way that can not be explain by Sugata himself. He always says, ¨if I leave them the computer a month more they will become Einstein ¨. they are learning very complex issues only through curiosity. Leave them alone. If you see one of Sugata's conference is very good. Because many times he has been asked, but what do you do after putting the computer in the street? He says, ¨I leave" meaning he does not really do anything but leave it there is a laissez-faire idea too extreme but works and tells us how the children of the experiment in this case take advantage. I think this is not the time for this. This is an initiative to take books to developing areas. And I think it's much more interesting to bring mobile devices that in a short time will be able to do things like you see in this picture They are capable, they are much more akin, as you see in the video the way children learn today, as they grow, to what they like, what motivates them. A little, these triggers curiosity. Worthwhile that we use. This a powerful idea. Or when you ask about the web of the future. Future education on the web. I always talk about customization. We have the opportunity now more than ever not to work with standardized but customized curriculum both the web experience for an adult user as the educational experience for the growing child is to take advantage of these opportunities to gain knowledge on the web. Customization. The issue that you do not need a teacher who suits or build or help build different curricula but thanks to this long tail of knowledge of the web. If you know the concept of the long tail in the economy I think it is perfectly applicable to education. There are niches, communities, available knowledge for each type of interest. It does not take much staff or to overload the agendas of the teachers. With what we have we can provide much more personalized educational experiences. To talk about customizing no one better than Ken Robinson. or Ken Robinson's speeches around the multiple intelligences environment to develop creativity Not to unique curriculum. By allowing a child who knows or is very good at dancing can be formed very early in what he likes etc ... It is important the idea of personalization leads to happiness. this experiment we will see here, performed by Pepsi talks about it. When Pepsi launched the first Pepsi light. The first artificially sweetened cola. Well obviously they performed a study. And what it does is to hire an investigator to study What is the level of sweetness that appeals to everybody? o What might like to the majority of the population? To succeed when the time comes to sell the product. The researcher makes as you think, try on different population groups different sweetness of the drink .. Makes graphics and the surprise is that are completely uninterpretable. In other words, they are quite chaotic. He ends by saying, Lords of Pepsi, I'm sorry, there is no ideal sweetness. I can not tell you which is the sweetness that the majority might like. Pepsi kicks him out. This is told by Malcolm Gladwell in a funny way. The investigator is hired by a company of spaghetti that would compete with the competition. The investigator told the same thing: according to the conclusions I have reached with Pepsi the only way you have to compete with your main competitor brand now is the variety. Is bringing to market not a single spaghetti sauce that most of the people like, that will be impossible, but the greatest possible variety of spaghetti sauces. They will be able to meet, to provide, a personalized user experience a lot of people at once. Indeed, this strategy producing multiple sauces you will get to "eat" the main competitor in the market. It is the idea that customization makes happiness. That is something we as consumers demand and want. Another important idea is the ¨Real Time Web · How quickly, and how immediately knowledge flows. The idea of personal learning environments is in this sense. In the sense that nobody is entirely professional. Finished at any possible aspect in their lives. But it is necessary to leave school, quit college, left school having created an environment in which enters and exits a constant flow of knowledge which can be constantly updated about everything that is moving in our profession. In this sense, it is questioned the role of the teacher as a transmitter of content. If are the environments what teach, what role will the teacher have? The teacher is the healer, is the "museum curator" that says what works have to enter the exhibition or not. It is the same as knowledge. The teacher fosters the critical spirit and gives a first look at that map. He is the one who says what sources are reliable, which are not reliable, which attempts to go beyond those first three results on Google. the research says that young people tend to consult. We do too, the older ones, no one has taught us to do otherwise. No one has taught them to filter information based on more reliable criteria that the order they appear in search results. A little the idea of the PLE of Personal Learning Environments. Moreover the networks, the personal learning networks. Zone of proximal development. Absolutely extended thanks to the possibilities of the web. So broad that no longer depends on the geographical context. the family context, the people beside you and became dependent on the ability you have to acquire a network around the world on topics that interest you or on topics you want to be updated. I think it's another key to success of the web. We have seen a little bit the way to deal with the wealth of knowledge on the web using these PLE and now to finish we will see or we'll go over a bit about which is the key to success in this or more to reinforce the argument. I think the web 2.0 the social web, interactive website, what it is doing, is to enable to meet these higher needs in the pyramid. This is something that Linus Torvalds said the "Hacker's Ethic". or Himanen, I do not know which one. But he said something like the software development free software, was allowing self-realization of people. Social recognition is a "powerful driver" for humans. Affiliation, motivation etc ... We have here the icons of each network, based on what I believe are filling: twitter fills our need for affiliation, social recognition also and fills out our need for self-realization. In this sense wordpress or the blogs would also be making it possible to cover this need for self-realization and Facebook would be left a bit more down, more responding to the social needs. It is not about technology, is that technologies meet these needs We come from a time when the mass media, the television, deceived us, telling us, be there still, do nothing. Impressing us up with frightening images violence etc. .. It wanted us as still as possible. Television, in fact, arises to respond isolation that cities were causing, the breakdown of communal, to the fact that we did not have communities. Television is a fictional community connection, social connection. And is replaced by a much more powerful instrument, which is facilitating us cosntant socialization, interactivity. The success of Web 2.0 comes from there. (Even films are being made now on Facebook) From this interactivity and empowerment of the citizen or the user as never before. I always say that to deny minors access to social networks is denying them training in a competition that will be basic in its future development. This is the competence of connection, connectivity competition "networking", etc. .. In other words, we do not really know what we are doing if we limit the jurisdiction or if we make it confined to the realm of leisure. And as educators if we do not extend it to the realm of personal or professional development etc ... of the happiness that we saw at first. The digital divide is not the problem, there is almost no digital divide anymore. Less now that google tv is coming. 35 percent of the information is accessed in the United States through television. The remaining 65 percent via the Internet. When there is Google TV, where TV and Internet are integrated, we won't be really talking about digital divide. Not only we are talking about blogs, wikis, community networks but about powerful tools as the Mobile Web or the possibility of access at any time and place through mobile devices to knowledge on the web. Finally, one of the criticisms leveled against any such conference Is in the fact that we focused too much on technology and too little on teaching aspects. I always say, that the advantage of the web or the beauty of the web is that we are reaching old pedagogical utopias. This was a major surprise. The finding of this quote from Ivan Illich in 1971 which, I think, perfectly sums up what I've been explaining. And is that "a good educational system should have three purposes. They are reflected here almost all the topics we have discussed today, "Providing those who want to learn from resources available at any point in their lives." We see the PLE a bit, the sustainable environment · Personal Learning Environment, the constant information structure that we can access the rest of our lives not only during school the extension of education, that provide tools, skills, in addition to content. in education that can be accessed throughout life. "- Empower those who want to share what they know to find those who want to learn from him" This social nature of learning. The web brings us back in some way the Greek agora to learning. We returned to social learning. Being able to participate in communities, including while you are studying ... and "provide an opportunity for anyone who wants to present something to the public that its purpose is known. That's why blogs are so important same as wikis and I defend the need for education and participation and that won't diminish the amount of content we're bringing to the web. I think it's important to do, to continue to grow both in quantity and quality. Well, thank you very much and I leave now. And you have here a little bit for reflection. Because many films are emerging around the educational crisis. About Waiting for Superman. It is a criticism, a little bit about the American educational system. The public system, rather than the private educational system. To the fact that only those who have some financial resources can eventually gain access to higher education. Which is serious. To equal access to opportunities. A little to the idea that, no need to wait for Superman. We have the opportunity to speak their language, that of children. We have the opportunity to let them participate. Just deal with that Waiting for Superman to the title of another movie from David Puttnam: "We are the people we've been waiting for." I mean, really, all these educational utopias, these social utopias these pedagogical utopias of a connected society, empathy, sharing (I think it has been inaugurated the K12 online conference with a conference about sharing which i really liked) well, we can make them happen with this rich context with all these positive things to do in the web. Thanks, have here the latest coordinates, the direction of my blog, my twitter contact and nothing else. Delighted to have participated. Thanks again José for the invitation. And hope you have been intrigued by this talk. Warm Regards, Transcript Dolors Reig and Jose Rodriguez - K12 Online 2010. Translation: Deyanira Castilleja and Jose Rodríguez

Video Details

Duration: 55 minutes and 42 seconds
Country: Spain
Language: Spanish (Spain)
Producer: dreig
Director: dreig
Views: 713
Posted by: dreig on Oct 12, 2010

Our second “week 1” strand in 2010 will be “Leading the Change.” Dolors Reig will keynote this strand. Dolors is a university professor and social media consultant in Barcelona, España (Spain.) She blogs at and is @dreig on Twitter. Dolors will present her keynote in Spanish with English subtitles.

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