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ESOcast 133 Primera luz de una fuente de ondas gravitacionales

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Astronomers using a fleet of ESO telescopes have observed a visible counterpart to gravitational waves for the first time a kilonova from merging neutron stars On August the 17th 2017 the LIGO Virgo collaboration detected gravitational waves rippling through the fabric of space-time just two seconds later, two space telescopes from ESO and NASA also detected a short gamma-ray burst coming from the same area of the sky this coincidence had never been seen before and raised hopes that astronomers had witnessed a cataclysmic event two neutron stars combining in an explosive merger if so, a visible light counterpart known as a kilonova, was expected to follow. The hunt was on ESO and ESO partnered telescopes in Chile joined other observatories to search for a new light source, they were looking for a needle in a haystack a faint new glimmer amid millions of stars, but amazingly, they found it just a few hours later, in the galaxy NGC 4993; 130 million light-years from Earth. Over the next few weeks astronomers used a host of ESO telescopes with more than 10 different instruments to record the kilonova. Neutron star mergers are furnaces where most of the chemical elements heavier than iron are forged the kilonova an event 1,000 times brighter than a typical nova spreads the newly formed elements into the surrounding space these include the golden jewelry, the platinum in catalytic converters in cars and uranium in nuclear reactors. Such an explosion had never been confirmed before but now one could be studied in great detail. The ESO observations revealed an extraordinary and rapidly changing event closely mirroring theory, heavy radioactive elements were shot into space at one-fifth of the speed of light. In just a matter of days the kilonova's color changed rapidly from blue to red faster than any other observed stellar explosion. Thanks to the rapid reaction of groups of skilled scientists and ESO's very wide array of instruments this kilonova was located and studied across a set of wavelengths in a matter of days. This event marks the start of a new era of multi messenger astronomy. For the first time in history we can now combine light signals with gravitational waves to provide a totally new way to probe the universe Subtitles: Fernando Trucco

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Duration: 3 minutes and 50 seconds
Country: Andorra
Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
Genre: None
Views: 8
Posted by: ftruccoh on Oct 18, 2017

Observatorio Europeo del Sur (ESO)
Publicado: 16 de octubre de 2017
Subtítulos en español: Fernando Trucco

Los telescopios de ESO han observado por primera vez luz visible proveniente de una fuente de ondas gravitacionales. Este raro evento, capturado con gran detalle, marca el comienzo de una nueva era de la astronomía "multi-messenger".

Las observaciones revelan un evento de alta energía, conocido como kilonova, relacionado con la fusión de dos estrellas de neutrones. Restos estelares que emiten ondas gravitacionales que se acercan en espiral y luego chocan en una espectacular explosión generando elementos químicos más pesados que el hierro.

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