Watch videos with subtitles in your language, upload your videos, create your own subtitles! Click here to learn more on "how to Dotsub"

Martin Burt TEDx Pura Vida

0 (0 Likes / 0 Dislikes)
Education that pays for itself. Good Afternoon. How are you? I can't find the words to express how much I admire Costa Rica. You are a great country that is showing the world lots of good things. and I really want to thank you for the opportunity of being in your country. And this opportunity was given to me by Roberto Artavia who introduced me to Roberto Sasso. He told me that this event was for sharing innovative ideas that relate to technology. And as we all know, technology isn't only the internet or hardware but there is also soft technology. And today I would like to talk about poverty in my country and the relativity technology can have to solve this real and contemporary problem. This is Jorge Guerrero; he is the tenth born child in a family of nineteen siblings. You understand when people speak of less than two dollars a day, when one dollar a day... this is the problem. Its the two hundred and fifty dollar income of this father divided by nineteen. This is the problem and it seems unbelievable that we still haven't been able to solve this problem. And this problem is not only of Paraguay, it can also be of several african countries it can be of some parts of India. And she is Maricel Merlo. And he is a paraguayan peasant. half farmer, half shoemaker. They live off of less than two dollars a day. This is rural Paraguay. This is a rural school in my country. These are some mathematical formulas. And I ask myself if this is Maricel's future, it probably is. And this, is the future of Jorge Guerrero. Poverty that repeats itself, that perpetuates, and we are trying to develop a methodology that can break this vicious cycle of poverty and we appeal to this. Right? Don't give food to Jorge Guerrero. "Give a man a fish and he will eat for a day show him how to fish and he will eat for a lifetime". Is this correct? What is the problem here? If it is this simple, then why are we still throwing food from airplanes at refugee camps? The problem is how to finance quality education when the governments don't have the money. This is a serious problem. We are developing a methodology that is an auto sufficient rural school, this is why my presentation is titled: Education that pays for itself. Imagine this rural school in Paraguay, or anywhere in the world... that does not cost any money. We believe that education is a social benefit and that at schools we must teach innovative skills, useful things for these children, because the problem is in the learning and not only in the teaching. And, this is another problem. Today education is not only accessibility, but also quality. In my country, every poor man went to school, they can all read and write and they are poor. So the school is not a place where useful knowledge is transmitted to overcome poverty; because they have access, but it is of poor quality, to the extent that some of us are asking ourselves why there is school desertion in my country: Is it that poverty obligates parents to pull their kids from school? As it is engrained in the mentality and in the current collective ideas, or is it backwards? What if people left schools not because they are poor but because the schools are rubbish and because there is nothing to be learnt there? And the parents say: girl you are twelve, why are you going to waste more years at school? come home. And today we are at this TED forum to try to think backwards. question current ideas, due to the fact the these current ideas are strongly related to the world's current situation. What if kids learned relevant things at school? things of real importance? What if they learnt at school how to generate money? and if there was a combination of theory in the classroom, but relevant theory, with hands-on learning. And what if the kids learned by doing, and not only by copying or repeating like parrots what the teacher says, but "learning by doing"? And if we add one word to this idea : earning. Are learning by doing, and earning contradictory or are they complementary? Can it be that this boy by learning how to make cheese can learn more here, in the factory, than in the classroom, rotating one week in class, another week in the cheese factory, another week, in the didactic poultry house, another week marketing... using renewable energy, exploiting animal manure? Overcoming the custom my country has of burning trash every day, it makes them burn all the organic waste there is at home and then wonder why is it that even though I am in the same place, my production decreases constantly. And these educational values : learn to be, learn to know, learn to do, learn to live together, learn to innovate and also learn to save and earn money; because in my country where people don't earn money, and forty percent of the paraguayan population lives below the poverty line, Do you know how many courses there are in the national curriculum to explain to kids how to earn and how to save? Zero. Why? Because it is considered vulgar to show how to save and earn money to children, because they would lose their innocence and with this utopian eagerness they are impoverished to misery. We are developing these schools where didactical productive companies generate one hundred percent of the annual school's budget of three hundred thousand dollars without government subsidies, donations, or payments except for a small contribution from the families so that is it not totally free so there is some effort on behalf of the families. And we have developed a web on a global scale named "Teach a Man To Fish" and we already have fifty partners in twenty seven countries that are working on this and I can tell you that the problem in Mali is very similar to Paraguay's It is absolutely the same thing in a leper colony in the south of india with whom we are working. So to overcome poverty we believe that we have to consider this boy or his sisters. How can we change his behavior, how can we change the system in which he is inserted, how can we change his intention and how can we change his culture. And I speak of these four things that indeed can be changed because we are convinced that in order for people to change... anybody can change anything if they answer two questions: Is it worth it? And, Am I capable of doing it? Is it worth it and am I capable of doing it. So to speak, can I postpone having children until I am at least twenty years old and continue studying? For this girl, how can we work with this teenaged fifteen yeah old girl that is predestined to be poor and a mother at sixteen? We work with two concepts, the question "am I capable of doing it?" is skills and "is it worth it" is motivation. Today Jorge Guerrero is a student of agronomy and is the owner of his micro firm named BIOGRAN with which he finances his university studies: he is totally transformed. And Maricel Merlo has graduated from school. This graduation party was paid for by the students with the money they earned at the youth co-op at the same school. Her parents never thought they would see a paraguayan peasant girl wearing a prom dress that she bought herself, that is a way of saying I will not be poor, I am a young professional even though my title is a Bachelors in Technical Agriculture . Today Maricel is a credit officer at micro finance company. So in a way, we can take the poorest people in the world, the chronically and structurally unemployed youth, guide them through an education that is relevant and guaranties one hundred percent employability through a curriculum that is one hundred percent based upon the market's requirements and through schools that are one hundred percent auto sufficient. We are really very enthused, we are part of this group of people that are eternally optimistic and thats why we are so happy to have come to Costa Rica, a country of joyful people, a country of optimists. So thank you very much for the attention you have given me.

Video Details

Duration: 14 minutes and 42 seconds
Country: Costa Rica
Language: Spanish (Spain)
Genre: None
Views: 150
Posted by: daniel.sasso on Jun 20, 2010

Martin Burt´s Talk at TEDx Pura Vida 2010

Caption and Translate

    Sign In/Register for Dotsub to translate this video.