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Annotated captions of Earthlings in English

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The images you are about to see are not isolated cases.

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These are the Industry Standard for animals bred as Pets,

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Food, Clothing, for Entertainment and Research.

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Viewer discretion is advised.

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THE THREE STAGES OF TRUTH

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1. RIDICULE

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2. VIOLENT OPPOSITION

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3. ACCEPTANCE

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EARTHLINGS

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earth'ling: n. One who inhabits of the earth.

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Since we all inhabit the earth, all of us are considered earthlings.

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There is no sexism, no racism or speciesism in the term earthling.

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It encompasses each and every one of us:

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warm or cold blooded, mammal, vertebrate or invertebrate,

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bird, reptile, amphibian, fish, and human alike.

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Humans, therefore, being not the only species on the planet,

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share this world with millions of other living creatures, as we all evolve here together.

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However, it is the human earthling who tends to dominate the earth,

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often times treating other fellow earthlings and living beings as mere objects.

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This is what is meant by speciesism.

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FESTIVAL OF THE BULLS, SPAIN

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By analogy with racism and sexism, the term "speciesism" is a prejudice

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or attitude of bias in favor of the interests

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of members of one's own species and against those of members of other species.

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If a being suffers there can be no moral justification for

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refusing to take that suffering into consideration.

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No matter what the nature of the being, the principle of equality requires

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that one's suffering can be counted equally with the like suffering of any other being.

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Racists violate the principle of equality by giving greater eight

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to the interests of members

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of their own race when their is a clash between their

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interests and the interests of those of another race.

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Sexists violate the principle of equality by favoring

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the interests of their own sex.

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Similarly, speciesists allow the interests of their own species

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to override the greater interests of members of other species.

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In each case, the pattern is identical.

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Though among the members of the human family we recognize the moral imperative of respect

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(every human is a somebody, not a something),

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morally disrespectful treatment occurs when those who stand at the power end of a

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power relationship treat the less powerful as if they were mere objects.

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The rapist does this to the victim of rape.

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The child molester to the child molested.

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The master to the slave.

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In each and all such cases, humans who have power exploit those who lack it.

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Might the same be true of how humans treat other animals, or other earthlings?

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Undoubtedly there are differences,

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since humans and animals are not the same in all respects.

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But the question of sameness wears another face.

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Granted, these animals do not have all the desires we humans have;

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granted, they do not comprehend everything we humans comprehend;

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nevertheless, we and they do have some of the same desires

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and do comprehend some of the same things.

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The desires for food and water, shelter and companionship,

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freedom of movement and avoidance of pain?

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these desires are shared by nonhuman animals and human beings.

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As for comprehension: like humans,

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many nonhuman animals understand the world in which they live and move.

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Otherwise, they could not survive.

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So beneath the many differences, there is sameness.

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Like us, these animals embody the mystery and wonder of consciousness.

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Like us, they are not only in the world, they are aware of it.

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Like us they are the psychological centers of a life that is uniquely their own.

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In these fundamental respects humans stand "on all fours", so to speak,

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with hogs and cows, chickens and turkeys.

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What these animals are due from us, how we morally ought to treat them,

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are questions whose answer begins with the recognition of our

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psychological kinship with them.

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So the following film demonstrates

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in five ways just how animals have come to serve mankind

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...lest we forget.

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Nobel Prize winner Isaac Bashevis Singer wrote in his bestselling novel

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'Enemies, A Love Story' the following:

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"As often has Herman had witnessed the slaughter of animals and fish,

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he always had the same thought: in their behavior toward creatures,

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all men were Nazis. The smugness with which man could do with other species

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as he pleased exemplified the most extreme racist theories,

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the principle that might is right".

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The comparison here to the holocaust is both intentional and obvious:

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one group of living beings anguishes beneath the hands of another.

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Though some will argue the suffering of animals cannot possibly compare

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with that of former Jews or slaves, there is, in fact, a parallel.

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And for the prisoners and victims of this mass murder, their holocaust

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is far from over.

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In his book 'The Outermost House' author Henry Beston wrote

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"We need another and a wiser and perhaps a more mystical

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concept of animals.

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Remote from universal nature, and living by complicated artifice,

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man in civilization surveys

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the creatures through the glass of his knowledge

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and sees thereby a feather magnified and the whole image in distortion.

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We patronize them for their incompleteness,

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for their tragic fate of having taken form so far below ourselves.

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And therein we err, and greatly err.

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For the animal shall not be measured by man.

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In a world older and more complete than ours

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they move finished and complete,

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gifted with extensions of the senses we have lost or never attained,

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living by voices we shall never hear.

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They are not brethren; they are not underlings;

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they are other nations,

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caught with ourselves in the net of life and time,

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fellow prisoners of the splendor and travail of the earth".

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PART ONE: PETS

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For most of us, our relationship with animals involves the owning of a pet or two.

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So where do our pets come from?

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Of course, one of the most obvious ways animals serve man is as companions.

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BREEDERS

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For these pets it starts with a breeder, though not all breeders are considered professional.

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In fact, in this profession, just about anyone and everyone can be a breeder.

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PET STORES AND PUPPY MILLS

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For pet stores, most of their animals are acquired from puppy mills,

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even if they may not know it.

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Puppy mills are low-budget

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commercial enterprises that breed dogs for sale to pet shops and other buyers.

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They are often backyard operations

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that expose animals to filthy, overcrowded conditions with no veterinary care or socialization.

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Dogs from puppy mills often exhibit

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physical and psychological problems as they grow up.

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STRAYS

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Strays, if they are lucky, will be picked up and taken to a

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shelter or pound, where they can only hope to find a new home again.

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An estimated 25 million animals become homeless every year.

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And as many as 27% of purebred dogs are among the homeless.

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Of these 25 million homeless animals an average of 9 million

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die on the streets from disease,

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starvation,

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exposure,

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injury, or some other hazard of street life.

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Many others are strays, some of whom were presumably dumped in the streets by their caretakers

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The remaining 16 million die in pounds or shelters that have no

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room for them and are forced to kill them.

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Sadly, on top of all this,

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almost 50% of the animals brought to shelters are turned in by their caretakers.

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Many people claim they don't visit shelters because it's depressing for them.

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But the reason animals are crowded into such dreary places as these,

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is because of people's refusal to spay or neuter their pets.

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Several pet owners feel, particularly men for some reason,

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that neutering a pet emasculates the owner somehow ...

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... or they may just want their children to someday experience the "miracle of life", so to speak.

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In either case, pet owners like these unknowingly take part in the euthanasia

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of over 60,000 animals per day.

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Euthanasia, generally defined as the act of killing painlessly for reasons of mercy,

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is usually administered by an injection in the leg for dogs,

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and sometimes in the stomach for cats.

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It is a quick and painless procedure for the animals, and by far the most humane,

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but not always the most affordable.

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Due to the increase of euthanasia in shelters,

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and the growing, constant, demand for drugs like Euthasol,

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some shelters with budget constraints are forced to use gas chambers instead.

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GAS CHAMBERS

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In a gas chamber, animals are packed very tightly

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and can take as long as 20 minutes to die.

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It is, by far, less merciful,

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more traumatic and painful.

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But the procedure is less expensive.

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Perhaps some of the tough questions we should ask ourselves about animals

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that we keep as companions are:

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Can we keep animals as companions and still address their needs?

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Is our keeping companion animals in their best interest,

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or are we exploiting them?

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The answers to these questions may lie in the attitudes of the human caretakers

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and their abilities to provide suitable environments for companion animals.

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(CYANIDE POISON) Most human beings are speciesists.

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This film shows that ordinary human beings (not a few exceptionally

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cruel or heartless humans, but the overwhelming majority of people),

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take an active part in, acquiesce in, and allow their taxes

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to pay for practices that require the sacrifice of the most important

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interests of members of other species, in order to promote the most

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trivial interests of our own species.

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STRAY OVERPOPULATION IN TURKEY

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The hope for the animals of tomorrow is

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to be found in a Human Culture which learns to feel beyond itself.

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We must learn empathy,

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we must learn to see into the eyes

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of an animal and feel that their life has value because they are alive.

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PART TWO: FOOD

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"Oh, I missed. I missed you, honey. But I'll get you again!"

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"I got you! Good boy!"

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What happens in slaughterhouses

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is a variation on the theme of the exploitation of the weak by the strong.

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More than ten thousand times a minute,

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in excess of six billion times a year, just in the United States,

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life is literally drained from so-called "food animals".

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Having the greater power, humans decide when these animals will die,

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where they will die,

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and how they will die.

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The interests of these animals themselves

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play no role whatsoever in the determination of their fate.

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Killing an animal is, in itself, a troubling act.

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It has been said that if we had

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to kill our own meat, we would all be vegetarians.

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Certainly very few people ever visit a slaughterhouse,

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and films of slaughterhouse operations are not popular on television.

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People might hope that the meat they buy came from an animal who died without pain,

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but they don't really want to know about it.

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Yet those who, by their purchases, require animals to be killed,

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do not deserve to be shielded from this or any other aspect of the production

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of the meat they buy.

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So where does our food come from?

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For those of us living on a meat diet, the process these animals

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undergoes is as follows.

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BRANDING

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For beef, the animals are all branded ...

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... in this instance, on the face.

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DEHORNING

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Dehorning usually follows. Never with anesthetic.

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But rather a large pair of pliers.

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TRANSPORTATION

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In transportation, animals are packed so tightly into trucks, they are

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practically on top of one another.

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Heat, freezing temperatures, fatigue, trauma, and health conditions

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will kill some of these animals in route to the slaughterhouses.

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MILKING

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Milking cows are kept chained

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to their stalls all day long, receiving no exercise.

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Pesticides and antibiotics are also used to increase their milk productivity.

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Eventually, milking cows, like this one, collapse from exhaustion.

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Normally, cows can live as long as twenty years,

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but milking cows generally die within four.

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At which point, their meat is used for fast food restaurants.

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MEAT

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At this slaughterhouse,

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the branded and dehorned cattle are brought into a stall.

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CAPTIVE BOLTS

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The captive bolt gun, which was designed

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to reduce animals unconscious without causing pain,

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fires a steel bolt, that is powered by compressed air or a blank cartridge,

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right into the animal's brain.

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BLEEDING

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Though various methods of slaughter are used, in this Massachusetts facility,

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the cattle is hoisted up and his or her throat is slit.

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Along with the meat, their blood will be used as well.

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Though the animal has received a captive bolt to the head,

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which is supposed to have rendered him

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or her senseless ... as you can see the animal is still conscious.

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This is not uncommon.

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Sometimes they are still alive even after they have been bled,

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and are well on their way down the assembly line to be butchered.

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KNOCKING BOXES

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KOSHER SLAUGHTER

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This is the largest glatt kosher meat plant in the United States.

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Glatt, the Yiddish word for "smooth", means the highest standard of cleanliness ...

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... and rules for kosher butchering require minimal suffering.

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The use of electric prods on immobilized animals is a violation.

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SHEKHITA - RITUAL SLAUGHTER

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Inverting frightened animals for the slaughterer's convenience

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is also a violation.

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The inversion process causes cattle to aspirate blood, or breath it in, after incision.

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Ripping the trachea and esophagi from their throats is another

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egregious violation, since kosher animals are not to be touched ...

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... until bleeding stops.

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And by dumping struggling and dying steers through metal chutes

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onto blood soaked floors,

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with their breathing tubes and gullets dangling out,

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this "sacred task" is neither clean or compassionate.

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Shackling and hoisting is ruled yet another violation,

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nor does it correspond to the kosher way of treating animals.

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If this was kosher, death was neither quick nor merciful.

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VEAL

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Veal, taken from their mothers within two days of birth, are tied

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at the neck and kept restricted to keep muscles from developing.

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Fed an iron-deficient liquid diet,

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denied bedding, water, and light,

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after four months of this miserable existence they are slaughtered.

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PIGS

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Sows in factory farms are breeding machines, kept

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continually pregnant by means of artificial insemination.

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Large pig market factories will "manufacture",

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as they like to call it, between 50,000 and 600,000 pigs a year... each.

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FACTORY CONDITIONS

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GESTATION CRATES

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RUPTURES & ABSCESSES

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CANIBALISM

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WASTE PITS

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Tail docking is a practice derived from the lack of space and stressful

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living conditions so as to keep pigs from biting each other's tails off.

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This is done without anesthetic.

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EAR CLIPPING

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Ear clipping is a similar procedure, also administered without anesthetic.

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As well as teeth-cutting.

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CASTRATION

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Castration is also done without painkillers or anesthetic, and will

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supposedly produce a more fatty grade of meat.

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ELECTRIC PRODS

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The electric prods are used for obvious reasons: handling.

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ELECTROCUTION

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Electrocution is another method of slaughter, as seen here.

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THROAT SLITTING

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Throat slitting, however,

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is still the least expensive way to kill an animal.

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BOILING AND HAIR REMOVAL

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After knife sticking, pigs are shackled,

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suspended on a bleed-rail and immersed in scalding tanks to remove their bristle.

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Many are still struggling as they are dunked upside down in tanks of steaming water,

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where they are submerged and drowned.

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POULTRY

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In regard to poultry, Americans currently consume as much chicken in a single day

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as they did in an entire year in 1930.

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The largest broiler companies in the world now slaughter more than

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8.5 million birds in a single week.

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DEBEAKING

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Debeaking prevents feather-pecking and cannibalism in frustrated chickens,

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caused by over-crowding in single areas, where they are unable to establish a social order.

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Today, done with infant chicks, the procedure is carried out very quickly,

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about 15 birds a minute.

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Such haste means the temperature and sharpness of the blade varies, resulting in

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sloppy cutting and serious injury to the bird.

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LIVING CONDITIONS

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As for their living conditions, anywhere from sixty to ninety thousand birds can be

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crowded together in a single building.

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The suffering for these animals is unrelenting. It is a way of life.

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Although their beaks are severed, they attempt to peck each other.

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For hens, they live in a laying warehouse, crammed inside so-called "battery cages".

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34:12

BATTERY CAGES

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34:21

Many lose their feathers and develop sores from rubbing against the wire cage.

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34:28

Crowding prevents them from spreading their wings, and the hens cannot

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34:31

even fulfill minimal natural instincts.

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34:33

TRANSPORTATION

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34:39

During transportation, all animals suffer, and many die.

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34:45

And they suffocate when other animals pile on top of them

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34:48

in overcrowded, poorly loaded cages.

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34:52

SLAUGHTER

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35:03

"THE HANG PEN" MOOREFIELD, WEST VIRGINIA

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35:35

Chickens and turkeys are slaughtered in numerous ways.

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35:41

Some may be clubbed to death or have their heads cut off.

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35:58

But most are brought through the assembly lines of factory farms.

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36:06

Dangled upside down on a conveyor belt, their throats are slit,

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36:10

and they are left to bleed to death.

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36:21

Others may be placed head-first in tubes to restrict their movement

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36:24

while they slowly bleed to death.

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36:34

Surely, if slaughterhouses had glass walls, would not all of us be vegetarians?

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36:37

But slaughterhouses do not have glass walls.

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36:41

The architecture of slaughter is opaque, designed in the interest of denial,

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36:46

to insure that we will not see even if we wanted to look. And who wants to look?

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36:58

"Go mother fucker! Don't fuckin' stop".

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37:08

"Let's go, let's go!!! Come on, bitch!"

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37:20

It was Emerson who observed, more than a hundred years ago,

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37:25

"You have dined, and however scrupulously the slaughterhouse is concealed in

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37:30

the graceful distance of miles, there is complicity".

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38:17

SEA FOOD

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38:26

And for those who think eating seafood is "healthier" than land animals,

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38:30

just remember how much irretrievable waste and contaminated sediments

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38:33

are dumped into our oceans.

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38:38

In the past ... oil ... nuclear ... and chemical industries have done little for the

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38:41

protection of marine environments ...

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38:48

... and dumping on or under the seabed has always proved a convenient place

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38:51

to dispose of inconvenient wastes.

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38:59

COMMERCIAL FISHING

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39:08

Today's commercial fishers intensify this situation on massive scales.

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39:11

They use vast factory trawlers the size of

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39:18

football fields and advanced electronic equipment to track and catch fish.

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39:26

Huge nets stretch across the ocean, swallowing up everything in their path.

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39:31

These factory trawlers, coupled with our increased appetites for seafood,

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39:37

are emptying the oceans of sea life at an alarming pace.

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39:48

Already, thirteen of the seventeen major global fisheries are depleted or in serious decline.

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39:52

The other four are overexploited or fully exploited.

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39:54

DISEASE

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40:02

The recent outbreak of Pfiesteria,

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40:06

a microorganism 1,000 time more potent than cyanide,

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40:12

spawned from millions of gallons of raw hog feces and urine, poured into rivers,

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40:16

lakes, and oceans, turning their ecosystems into unflushed toilets,

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40:19

is proving the most alarming.

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40:26

Threatening sea life and humans alike, Pfiesteria has killed over 1 billion fish,

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40:30

the southeast's largest fishkill on record,

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40:33

and it's spreading.

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40:40

Traces of Pfiesteria have already been found from Long Island to the Florida Gulf,

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40:43

at distances of up to 1,000 miles.

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40:46

In fact, this water-based Pfiesteria invasion

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40:52

stands as one of the worst outbreaks of a virulent microorganism in U.S history.

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40:59

It is a Level Three Biohazard. Ebola is a Four. AIDS is a two.

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41:05

And this bug mutated as a direct result of our mass consumption of animals,

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41:07

particularly pork.

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41:16

With hog farms fattening millions of pigs for slaughter, grain goes in and waste comes out.

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41:20

HURRICANE FLOYD NORTH CAROLINA, 1999

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41:23

This waste finds its way into our oceans and water-supply systems,

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41:27

contaminating the animals that live in it,

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41:30

as well as those that eat from it.

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41:34

WHALING

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41:40

Finally, whaling.

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41:45

Though the International Whaling Commission prohibited commercial whaling in 1985,

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41:52

many countries continue to kill whales for their so-called "exotic meat".

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42:02

They use harpoons,

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42:05

firearms,

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42:08

blunt hooks,

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42:10

even explosives,

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42:15

or drive them into authorized whaling bays

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42:22

where they are made to beach and can be killed with knives in the shallows.

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42:47

DOLPHINS

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42:57

Every winter, between the months of October through March, thousands of dolphins are

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43:03

confined and brutally killed in small towns across Japan.

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43:13

Sounding rods beneath the water's surface interfere with the dolphin's sonar.

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43:23

Once disoriented and enclosed within the nets, the dolphins panic.

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43:31

Fisherman often injure a few captive dolphins with a spear thrust or knife slash ...

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43:36

since dolphins never abandon wounded family members.

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43:42

Mothers and babies call out in distress as they are separated,

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43:48

hoisted up and dragged off ... soon to be mercilessly hacked to death.

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44:00

these are benign and innocent beings ...

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44:06

... and they deserve better.

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44:44

Yet here, as they lay stricken and needful,

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44:50

wreathing helplessly on cement floors, they are cut open with machetes

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44:53

and left to slowly suffocate ...

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45:11

... convulsing and contorting in the throes of agony ... while school children walk on by.

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45:32

Such images of slaughter and bloody red water clearly show the Japanese government has

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45:37

little respect for the state of the world's oceans with their inhumane methods of

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45:42

fishing ... often in violation of international treaties, laws and conventions designed

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45:45

to protect over-exploiting the oceans ...

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45:49

... and the creatures that live in them.

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45:55

Dolphin meat is later sold in markets and restaurants,

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45:59

though often mislabeled as "whale meat".

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46:06

But as though cruelty toward animals raised for food wasn't enough,

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46:11

we've also found ways of making use of them for all our clothes.

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46:17

Jackets, shoes, belts, gloves, pants, wallets, purses, and so on,

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46:21

the next question is obviously: where do our clothes come from?

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46:27

PART TREE: CLOTHES

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46:36

(LEATHER)

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46:42

The demand for leather comes primarily from the United States, Germany, and the U.K.

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46:45

Just about everybody wears it,

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46:48

with little or no thought of where it came from.

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46:49

(INDIA COWS)

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46:53

Thousands of India cows are slaughtered each week for their skins,

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46:57

purchased from poor families in part of rural India who sell them

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47:02

only after the assurance that the animals will live out their lives on farms.

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47:04

SHOEING AND ROPING

alter-children 47:13
47:15

To relocate the animals to a state where they can legally be killed,

alter-children 47:15
47:19

since cattle slaughter is forbidden in most of India,

alter-children 47:19
47:24

the animals must be shoed and roped together in preparation for a harrowing "death march",

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47:27

which could last for several days.

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47:36

(TRANSPORTATION AND FATIGUE)

alter-children 47:36
47:40

Forced to walk through the heat and dust without food or water, coupled with the sheer stress of

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47:48

this terrifying experience for them, many of the animals collapse and are unable to continue.

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47:53

Bear in mind that most of the cattle are being placed in a truck for the first time in

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47:55

their lives and are likely to be frightened,

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47:59

especially if they have been handled hastily or roughly by the men loading the trucks.

alter-children 47:59
48:01

The noise and motion of the truck itself

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48:05

is also a new experience; one which makes them ill.

alter-children 48:05
48:10

After one or two days inside the truck without food or water, they are desperately thirsty

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48:15

and hungry, especially since it is normal for such cows to eat frequently throughout the day.

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48:16

TAIL BREAKING

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48:29

But when the cattle become weary and grow faint, the bones in their tales are broken in

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48:33

an effort to get them back up on their feet.

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48:39

This is done by repeatedly pinching the tail in several areas.

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48:40

HANDLERS

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48:51

Handlers must constantly keep the cattle moving,

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48:53

pulling them by nose ropes,

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48:55

twisting their necks,

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48:57

horns, or tails.

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49:01

They lead, or rather force,

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49:05

the cattle down embankments and in and out of trucks without ramps,

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49:11

causing injuries like broken pelvises, legs, ribs, and horns.

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49:20

CHILI PEPPER

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49:26

Chili pepper and tobacco are also used to keep the animals walking.

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49:32

This practice is done by rubbing the pepper directly into their eyes, in order to stimulate

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49:35

the animal back onto his or her feet.

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49:40

SLAUGHTER

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49:52

And all this before the slaughter.

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49:57

As many as half of the animals will already be dead by the time they

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50:00

arrive at the slaughterhouse.

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50:22

But to make the experience even more traumatic and terrifying, they are

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50:25

often killed in full view of each other.

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50:30

And instead of the required "quick slice" across the throat with a sharp knife,

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50:37

they are generally killed through hacking and sawing with a dull blade.

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50:52

TANNING

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51:00

Afterwards, the skins from these animals are sent to tanneries that use deadly

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51:05

substances like Chromium and other toxins to stop decomposition.

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51:09

Remember, leather is dead flesh.

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51:16

It is dead skin, and, therefore, natural for it to decompose and rot away unless treated

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51:19

with such potent substances as these.

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51:25

And for people, the health effects of such chemicals in tanneries, in lieu of the

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51:30

continued demand for leather goods, is yet another issue.

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51:33

RETAIL

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51:42

Ultimately, leather from Indian cattle make their way to clothing stores

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51:44

all around the world.

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51:59

Most major chains sell Indian leather ...

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52:06

... leather that comes from completely different cows than those we eat.

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52:08

FUR

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52:11

And what about fur?

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52:14

Over 100 million wild animals are murdered

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52:19

for their pelts every year, 25 million in the United States alone.

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52:25

These animals, obtained by hunting and trapping, are kept on fur farms in conditions like these.

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52:27

CAGE MADNESS

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52:36

Naturally, these undomesticated, wild animals are not accustomed to being caged,

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52:41

and cage madness develops when frightened and frustrated animals are driven crazy

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52:45

from the stress of confinement.

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52:48

These wild, free-roaming animals,

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52:52

and their offspring, find themselves unable to live a natural life,

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52:59

can never take even a few steps or feel the earth beneath their feet.

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53:04

Instead, they are reduced to scratching, circling and pacing endlessly.

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53:06

(INJURIES AND SLOW DEATH)

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53:09

The physical injuries these animals endure on fur farms ...

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53:13

involve broken and exposed bones ...

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53:19

... blindness ...

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53:23

... ear infections ...

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53:25

... dehydration and malnutrition ...

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53:29

... exposure to freezing temperatures ...

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53:32

... lack of veterinary care ...

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53:36

... and slow death.

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53:44

(KILLING)

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53:47

No laws indicate the killing of animals on fur farms, therefore,

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53:51

the least expensive methods are the most appealing.

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53:56

Carbon monoxide poisoning, Strychnine, suffocation,

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54:03

breaking the neck, and anal electrocution are some of the more common methods used.

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54:09

Removed from his or her cage with a heavy neck-pole, the animal is walked past

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54:17

the rows of bodies of slaughtered foxes, sables, raccoons and wolves, among others.

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54:22

Death by anal electrocution is a crude process that requires a probe to be inserted

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54:28

in the rectum while the animal bites down on a metal conductor.

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54:42

Often times this inept procedure must be repeated to actually kill the animal.

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55:02

And the skinned carcasses seen here will later be ground up and fed to the animals still caged.

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55:05

CHINESE FUR FARM

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55:39

CANADIAN SEAL HUNT

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56:31

- How much is this one?

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56:34

- This is... $49,500

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56:39

PART FOUR: ENTERTAINMENT

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56:42

And so we move on to entertainment.

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56:47

Mark Twain once said,

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56:53

"Of all the creatures ever made he (man) is the most detestable.

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57:00

He's the only creature that inflicts pain for sport, knowing it to be pain".

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57:05

RODEOS

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57:11

In rodeos, bulls and broncos don't buck because they're wild, but because they're in pain.

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57:14

A belt, called a flank strap or a bucking strap, is secured around

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57:18

the animal's body over the genital area.

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57:21

As the animal leaves the chute, a tight jerk on the belt is enough

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57:25

to start him bucking in pain.

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57:32

Apart from other injuries animals incur at rodeos ...

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57:35

... such as broken legs ...

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57:41

... they are also worked up by being slapped ...

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57:42

... teased ...

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57:45

... given electric prods ...

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57:47

... and otherwise tormented ...

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57:51

... to bolt out of the chute in a frenzy.

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58:37

ROPING

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58:50

Roping, as seen here, involves throwing a rope around the neck of a frightened animal running

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58:59

full speed, jerking the poor creature to a halt, and slamming him or her to the ground.

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59:11

GAMBLING

alter-children 59:11
59:14

Like any other business, dog racing and horse racing are industries motivated

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59:16

by a common denominator:

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59:17

profit.

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59:30

FAIR GROUNDS

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59:36

At fair grounds across the country, animals are used to race,

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59:38

bet with, and spectate over.

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59:45

Training for these events is accomplished by withholding food and sometimes water.

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59:50

These animals ... unfamiliar with their surroundings ... the noise ... the crowds ...

alter-children 59:50
1:00:00

even what they're supposed to be doing ... are all-too-often injured and discarded ...

alter-children 1:00:00
1:00:07

(PIGEON BOWLING) in pointless ... trivial ... outlandish contests ... designed to make profits and entertain.

alter-children 1:00:07
1:00:09

HUNTING

alter-children 1:00:11
1:00:17

Besides loss of habitat, hunting is the number one threat to wildlife today.

alter-children 1:00:17
1:00:21

Hunters kill over 200 million animals every year.

alter-children 1:00:21
1:00:27

Deer, rabbits, and squirrels top the list of desirable targets.

alter-children 1:00:29
1:00:34

There is no denying it, if hunting is a sport it is a bloodsport.

alter-children 1:00:34
1:00:36

The targets are living,

alter-children 1:00:37
1:00:40

and they undergo violent deaths.

alter-children 1:00:51
1:00:53

FISHING

alter-children 1:00:53
1:01:00

Fishing is also a death sport, wherein the nonhuman animal suffers.

alter-children 1:01:01
1:01:08

Researchers have distinguished that fish show pain behavior the same way mammals do.

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1:01:12

Anatomically, physiologically,

alter-children 1:01:12
1:01:18

and biologically, the pain system in fish is virtually the same as in birds and mammals.

alter-children 1:01:18
1:01:21

In other words, fish are sentient organisms,

alter-children 1:01:21
1:01:23

so of course they feel pain.

alter-children 1:01:32
1:01:35

For those who think fish die

alter-children 1:01:35
1:01:39

"gentler" deaths, consider that their sensory organs are highly developed,

alter-children 1:01:39
1:01:45

their nervous systems complex, their nerve cells very similar to our own,

alter-children 1:01:45
1:01:51

and their responses to certain stimuli immediate and vigorous.

alter-children 1:01:52
1:01:55

CIRCUSES

alter-children 1:01:58
1:02:04

When going to the circus, rarely do we stop for a moment and consider:

alter-children 1:02:04
1:02:09

What incites an animal to do something unnatural, even dangerous, such as jumping through

alter-children 1:02:09
1:02:18

flames, balancing on one foot, or diving into water from shaky platforms high in the air?

alter-children 1:02:27
1:02:30

Animal trainers would like for the public to

alter-children 1:02:30
1:02:38

believe that animals are coaxed into such behaviors with the promise of rewards.

alter-children 1:02:39
1:02:45

But the truth is that animals perform because they fear punishment.

alter-children 1:02:56
1:03:01

In essence, circuses condemn animal

alter-children 1:03:01
1:03:06

who are wild by nature to live out their days isolated in tiny, barren cages,

alter-children 1:03:06
1:03:10

denied normal exercise and socialization,

alter-children 1:03:13
1:03:17

shuttled around from place to place,

alter-children 1:03:18
1:03:22

WINTER QUARTERS

alter-children 1:03:24
1:03:30

and shackled in chains for up to 95% of their lives.

alter-children 1:03:32
1:03:34

TRAINING

alter-children 1:03:36
1:03:41

"Elephants are taught to perform with positive reinforcement, and never hit".

alter-children 1:03:41
1:03:47

"Never hit. Never, never, never

alter-children 1:03:47
1:03:54

will you see anyone use the ankus as anything other than a guide or a tool".

alter-children 1:04:09
1:04:17

Dominance, subservience, and pain are integral parts of the training process.

alter-children 1:04:45
1:04:48

- Hurt him. Don't touch him!

alter-children 1:04:48
1:04:49

Make him scream!

alter-children 1:04:49
1:04:54

If you're scared to hurt him, don't come in this room.

alter-children 1:04:54
1:04:58

When I say rip his fuckin' --- you know how I am about touchin' him, right?

alter-children 1:04:58
1:05:02

So if I say rip his head off ... rip his fuckin' foot off, what does that mean?

alter-children 1:05:02
1:05:05

Because it's very important to do it, right? When he starts squirming too fuckin' much -

alter-children 1:05:05
1:05:09

both fuckin' hands - BOOM! Right under that chin!

alter-children 1:05:09
1:05:11

Sit ... and he better back up.

alter-children 1:05:11
1:05:14

Then when he fucks around too much, don't grab that leg ...

alter-children 1:05:14
1:05:19

... you fuckin' sink that hook and give everything you've got ... and when it's in there go, ee-eeee-ee!!!

alter-children 1:05:19
1:05:21

And he's gonna start screaming.

alter-children 1:05:21
1:05:27

When you hear that screaming, then you know you've got their attention a little fuckin' bit!

alter-children 1:05:27
1:05:31

Right here in the barn. Can't do it on the road.

alter-children 1:05:31
1:05:36

She's gonna fuckin' do what I want. And that's just the fuckin' way it is.

alter-children 1:05:36
1:05:37

Alright, let's go.

alter-children 1:05:38
1:05:39

Becky! Becky!!!

alter-children 1:05:43
1:05:45

You motherfucker.

alter-children 1:05:46
1:05:50

Get your motherfuckin' --- get up here!

alter-children 1:05:50
1:05:51

Motherfucker!

alter-children 1:05:53
1:05:54

Come here, Becky.

alter-children 1:05:56
1:05:57

Move up, Becky.

alter-children 1:05:59
1:06:00

Move up, Becky.

alter-children 1:06:03
1:06:05

Alright, tubs.

alter-children 1:06:05
1:06:07

Tubs!

alter-children 1:06:09
1:06:11

Hey, get loony.

alter-children 1:06:11
1:06:13

Hey, Becky. Go on, move up.

alter-children 1:06:13
1:06:14

Hey, I'm alive.

alter-children 1:06:14
1:06:15

I'm not a dead man.

alter-children 1:06:15
1:06:16

Move up.

alter-children 1:06:17
1:06:18

Come in line.

alter-children 1:06:18
1:06:20

Come in line, Becky.

alter-children 1:06:20
1:06:22

Motherfucker!

alter-children 1:06:22
1:06:23

Move, motherfucker!

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1:06:31

Yeah, come in line. Come here, Tommy.

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1:06:40

Why do they have to go through that because you motherfuckers don't want to listen?

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1:06:42

Back up.

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1:06:49

You got a pussy-ass fuckin' attitude, it's just the way they die.

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1:06:58

We know animals feel.

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1:07:07

They feel fear, loneliness, and pain, just like humans do.

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1:07:12

What animal would choose to spend their entire life in captivity ...

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1:07:15

... if they had a choice?

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1:07:17

RETALIATION

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1:08:34

- On the count of three.

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1:08:34

One.

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1:08:36

Two.

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1:08:37

Tree.

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1:08:41

Take him. You've got to shoot.

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1:09:08

ZOOS

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1:09:17

Are zoos valuable educational and conservation institutions?

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1:09:21

Sure, zoos are interesting, but they are only educational in the sense that they

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1:09:27

teach a disregard for the natures of other living beings.

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1:09:35

Besides, what can we learn about wild animals by viewing them in captivity?

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1:09:41

Zoos exist because we are intrigued by exotic things,

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1:09:47

and to zoo-goers, zoo animals are just that: things.

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1:09:53

In both cases, at circuses or zoos,

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1:09:57

wild and exotic animals are captured, caged,

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1:10:03

transported and trained ... to do what humans want them to do.

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1:10:09

BULLFIGHTING

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1:10:13

At best, the term "bullfighting" is a misnomer,

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1:10:17

as there is little competition between the sword of a nimble matador

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1:10:20

(which is Spanish for killer),

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1:10:27

and a confused, maimed, psychologically tormented, and physically debilitated bull.

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1:10:32

Many prominent former bullfighters report

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1:10:36

that bulls are intentionally debilitated with tranquilizers and laxatives,

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1:10:45

beatings to the kidneys, and heavy weights hung around their necks for weeks before a fight.

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1:10:52

Some of the animals are placed in darkness for 48 hours before the confrontation,

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1:10:57

then are released blinded into the bright arena.

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1:11:03

In a typical event, the bull enters and is approached by men who exhaust and

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1:11:10

frustrate him by running him in circles and tricking him into collisions.

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1:11:13

When the bull is tired and out of breath,

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1:11:19

he is approached by picadors, who drive lances into his back and neck muscles,

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1:11:23

twisting and gouging to ensure a significant amount of blood loss,

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1:11:28

and impairing the bull's ability to lift his head.

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1:11:31

Then come the banderilleros

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1:11:38

who distract and dart around the bull while plunging more lances into him.

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1:11:40

Weakened from blood loss,

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1:11:46

they run the bull in more circles until he is dizzy and stops chasing.

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1:11:51

Finally, the matador, this "killer", appears and, after provoking a few exhausted

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1:11:58

charges from the dying animal, tries to kill the bull with his sword.

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1:12:05

And this bloody form of amusement ... is bullfighting.

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1:12:11

The pleasure derived from all these activities and sports

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1:12:14

(a communion with nature, some would say),

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1:12:19

can be secured without harming or killing animals.

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1:12:23

The commercial exploitation of wildlife erroneously assumes that the value of wild

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1:12:28

animals is reducible to their utility relative to human interests,

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1:12:31

especially economic interests.

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1:12:41

But wild animals are not a renewable resource, having value only relative to human interests.

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1:12:47

That perception can only be that of a speciesist.

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1:12:55

(SEAL HARVEST, ST. PAUL ISLAND) Nevertheless, these practices exist

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1:13:02

only because we do not take seriously the interests of other animals.

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1:13:12

In this light, are humans not the most callous speciesists of all?

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1:13:17

PART FIVE: SCIENCE

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1:13:23

VIVISECTION

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1:13:27

The term vivisection is used to apply to all types of experiments

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1:13:33

on living animals and is said to be a form of medical science.

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1:13:36

The reason for experimentation of this

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1:13:43

type is to allegedly discover cures for human ailments and illnesses.

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1:13:48

But those who hope to find remedies for human ills by inflicting deliberate

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1:13:53

sufferings on animals commit two fundamental errors in understanding.

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1:13:55

The first is the assumption

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1:14:00

that results obtained on animals are applicable to mankind.

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1:14:02

The second concerns the inevitable

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1:14:08

fallacy of experimental science in respect to the field of organic life.

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1:14:12

Since animals react differently from human beings ... every new product

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1:14:15

or method tried out on animals must be tried

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1:14:23

out again on man ... through careful clinical tests, before it can be considered safe.

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1:14:26

This rule knows no exceptions.

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1:14:31

Tests on animals are not only dangerous because they lead to wrong conclusions

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1:14:35

but, furthermore, they retard clinical investigation -

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1:14:38

which is the only valid kind.

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1:14:42

Just remember the fact that any disease

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1:14:48

deliberately provoked is unlike any disease that arises spontaneously.

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1:14:51

MEDICAL EXPERIMENTS

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1:14:54

Unfortunately, such methods still sail today

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1:14:56

under the flag of science

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1:15:03

- which is an insult to true science, as well as human intelligence.

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1:15:19

And so vivisection applies to medical experiments ...

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1:15:25

... done with the administration of noxious substances ...

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1:15:32

... electric or traumatic shocks ...

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1:15:46

... unanesthetized operations ...

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1:15:58

... burns ...

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1:16:33

... drawn-out deprivations of food and drink ...

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1:16:38

... physical and psychological tortures ...

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1:16:40

... that lead to mental imbalance ...

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1:16:42

... infections ... and so on.

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1:16:48

(UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA) Head injury research involves partially

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1:16:52

or fully conscious baboons strapped down with restraints ...

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1:16:54

... and their heads cemented into a metal helmet,

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1:17:02

which will be thrust at a 60 degree angle at a force of up to 1,000 Gs.

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1:17:33

The purpose of this experiment is to simulate auto crashes ...

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1:17:38

... football ... boxing ... and other head related injuries.

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1:17:45

And this process is often repeated again and again on the same animals.

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1:17:46

MILITARY RESEARCH

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1:17:49

And finally, military research.

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1:17:53

This one speaks for itself.

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1:17:57

From sending monkeys into outer space,

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1:18:02

and testing atomic blasts on helpless dogs,

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1:18:07

to exposing primates to nuclear radiation.

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1:18:11

Twenty years ago, the number of animals

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1:18:15

dying of tortures through the practice of vivisection was astronomical,

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1:18:19

estimated at 400,000 per day world wide,

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1:18:24

and growing at an annual rate of five percent.

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1:18:26

Today that number is almost

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1:18:32

beyond comprehension. 19,000 per minute. 10 billion per year.

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1:18:41

Some uneducated persons pretend to

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1:18:48

know that less intelligent animals don't feel pain the same way we do.

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1:18:54

In truth, we know very little about how specific animals may "feel",

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1:18:59

except that they must also submit to the universal law that causes every

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1:19:07

organism dying by unnatural means to suffer greatly before that final release.

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1:19:11

But it's nonsense to say that the animals

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1:19:17

do not suffer because they have a lower order of intelligence.

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1:19:21

FORCE-FEEDING GEESE "FOIE GRAS"

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1:19:26

Pain is pain, conveyed by nerves to the brain,

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1:19:30

and there are other nerves than those of intelligence...

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1:19:35

...nerves such as sight, smell, touch, and hearing.

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1:19:44

And in some animals these nerves are much more highly developed than in man.

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1:19:49

We know that there has never been an epoch

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1:19:55

in which we could learn something about the physiology of man by torturing animals;

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1:19:59

we only learned something about animals.

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1:20:03

And if there is something we can learn from them on the psychological level,

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1:20:09

it is not by means of steel or electricity, much less so through psychic violences.

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1:20:14

The systematic torture of sentient beings,

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1:20:19

whatever the pretext and in whatever form, cannot achieve anything more than it already has:

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1:20:25

to show us what is the lowest point of debasement man can reach.

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1:20:35

If that's what we want to know.

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1:20:43

"As long as there are slaughterhouses, there will be battlefields".

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1:20:48

- Leo Tolstoy

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1:21:07

Ignorance is the speciesist's first line of defense.

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1:21:14

Yet it is easily breached by anyone with the time and determination to find out the truth.

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1:21:22

Ignorance has prevailed so long only because people do not want to find out the truth.

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1:21:25

"Don't tell me, you'll spoil my dinner"

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1:21:31

is the usual reply to any attempt to tell someone just how that dinner was produced.

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1:21:33

Even people who are aware that

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1:21:39

the traditional family farm has been taken over by big business interests...

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1:21:44

...that their clothes come from slaughtered cows, that their entertainment means the

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1:21:48

suffering and death of millions of animals... and that some questionable

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1:21:51

experiments go on in laboratories,

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1:21:56

still cling to a vague belief that conditions cannot be too bad,

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1:22:00

(PREGNAT MARE URINE AKA: "PREMARIN")

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1:22:04

or else the government or the animal welfare societies would have done something about it.

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1:22:11

But it is not the inability to find out what is going on as much as a desire not to know about

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1:22:18

facts that may lie heavy on one's conscience that is responsible for this lack of awareness -

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1:22:24

- after all, the victims of whatever it is that goes on in all these awful places

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1:22:28

are not members of one's own group.

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1:22:38

It all comes down to pain and suffering.

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1:22:44

Not intelligence, not strength, not social class or civil right.

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1:22:48

Pain and suffering are in themselves bad and should be prevented or minimized,

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1:22:55

irrespective of the race, sex, or species of the being that suffers.

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1:23:01

We are all creatures.

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1:23:06

And non-human animals experience sensations just like we do.

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1:23:13

They too are strong, intelligent, industrious, mobile, and evolutional.

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1:23:16

They too are capable of growth and adaptation.

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1:23:21

Like us, first and foremost, they are earthlings.

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1:23:24

And like us, they are surviving.

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1:23:30

Like us, they also seek their own comfort rather than discomfort.

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1:23:35

And like us, they express degrees of emotion.

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1:23:40

In short, like us, they are alive;

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1:23:46

most of them being, in fact, vertebrae, just like us.

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1:24:10

As we look back on how essential animals are to human survival;

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1:24:13

our absolute dependence on them

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1:24:15

(for companionship ... food ...

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1:24:17

... clothing ...

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1:24:20

... sport and entertainment ...

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1:24:24

... as well as medical and scientific research),

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1:24:32

ironically ... we only see mankind's complete disrespect for these non-human providers.

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1:24:36

Without a doubt, this must be what it is...

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1:24:39

... to "bite the hand that feeds us".

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1:24:46

In fact, we have actually stomped and spit on it.

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1:24:52

Now we are faced with the inevitable aftermath.

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1:24:58

This is evident in health reports due to our over-excessive consumption of animals.

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1:24:58

Cancer,

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1:25:00

heart disease,

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1:25:02

Osteoporosis,

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1:25:03

strokes,

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1:25:05

kidney stones,

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1:25:06

Anemia,

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1:25:08

diabetes, and more.

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1:25:18

Even our food has now been effected ... and at its very source.

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1:25:22

With antibiotics used to promote weight gain in animals

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1:25:27

(who can't gain weight under the stressful, overcrowded living conditions in factory farms);

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1:25:32

with the over-use of pesticides and insecticides;

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1:25:34

or artificial hormones

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1:25:39

(designed to increase milk production, litter size and frequency);

alter-children 1:25:39
1:25:45

with artificial colors, herbicides, larvicides,

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1:25:53

synthetic fertilizers, tranquilizers, growth and appetite stimulants ...

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1:25:57

... it's no wonder that Mad Cow Disease ... Foot and Mouth Disease ... Pfiesteria ...

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1:26:00

and a host of other animal related abnormalities have been

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1:26:04

(POLLUTION) unleashed on the human public.

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1:26:08

Nature is not responsible for these actions.

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1:26:11

(DEFORESTATION) We are.

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1:26:21

So a change is inevitable. Either we make it ourselves,

alter-children 1:26:21
1:26:26

or we will be forced to make it by Nature Itself.

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1:26:30

The time has come for each of us to reconsider our eating habits,

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1:26:31

our traditions,

alter-children 1:26:32
1:26:34

our lifestyles and fashions,

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1:26:38

and above all, our way of thinking.

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1:26:48

So, if there is any truth to the age-old saying,

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1:26:54

"What goes around, comes around", then what do they get for their pain?

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1:26:58

Do we even give it a second thought?

alter-children 1:26:59
1:27:05

If what goes around comes around, what do they get for their pain?

alter-children 1:27:08
1:27:10

They are earthlings.

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1:27:17

They have the right to be here just as much as humans do.

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1:27:22

Perhaps the answer is found in another age-old saying ...

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1:27:25

... and one equally true:

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1:27:31

We reap just what we sow.

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1:27:42

So of course, animals feel, and of course they experience pain.

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1:27:49

After all, has nature endowed these wonderful animals with well-springs of sentiment

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1:27:52

so that they should not feel ...

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1:27:58

... or do animals have nerves in order to be insensitive?

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1:28:04

Reason demands a better answer.

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1:28:14

But one thing is absolutely certain: animals used for food, used for clothing,

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1:28:18

used for entertainment, and in scientific experiments

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1:28:22

and all the oppression that is done to them under the sun

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1:28:26

they all die from pain.

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1:28:28

Each and every one.

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1:28:33

Isn't it enough that animals

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1:28:39

the world over live in permanent retreat from human progress and expansion?

alter-children 1:28:39
1:28:45

And for many species ... there is simply nowhere else to go.

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1:28:51

It seems the fate of many animals is either to be unwanted by man ...

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1:28:53

... or wanted too much.

alter-children 1:28:55
1:29:01

We enter as lords of the earth bearing strange powers of terror and mercy alike ...

alter-children 1:29:01
1:29:05

But Human beings should love animals as ...

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1:29:10

the knowing love the innocent, and the strong love the vulnerable.

alter-children 1:29:10
1:29:14

When we wince at the suffering of animals,

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1:29:18

that feeling speaks well of us even when we ignore it,

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1:29:24

and those who dismiss love for our fellow creatures as mere sentimentality

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1:29:29

overlook a good and important part of our humanity.

alter-children 1:29:29
1:29:35

But it takes nothing away from a human to be kind to an animal.

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1:29:38

And it is actually within us

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1:29:42

to grant them a happy life ... and a long one.

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1:29:52

On the heath, King Lear asked Gloucester: "How do you see the world?"

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1:29:56

And Gloucester, who is blind, answered:

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1:30:00

"I see it feelingly".

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1:30:05

I see it feelingly.

alter-children 1:30:06
1:30:11

Three primary life forces exist on this planet:

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1:30:13

Nature,

alter-children 1:30:13
1:30:15

Animals

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1:30:20

and Humankind.

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1:30:25

We are the Earthlings.

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1:30:32

Make the connection.

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1:30:43

English subtitles: by bobef