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Human Existence in the Universe: Chance or Design?

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Thank you once again for this opportunity This discussion follows on from the last talk about the origin of the universe We considered two differing points of view: a physical explanation, and one that's beyond nature I presented both points of view, and intend to adopt the same approach with today's topic I will present those who at least attempt to describe the theory of chance and will also present those who believe in the theory of design I will also say my own opinion, for you to draw your own conclusions The vision of the universe went through many stages, however when science was applied especially during the 19th ad 20th centuries - especially during the 19th century the vision and the physical explanation was the mainstream Copernicus changed the view that earth was the centre of the universe, to the sun  Man - after Copernicus - became nothing. In contrast with the previous thinking when earth was the centre Man was therefore in a special place with real significance  From the centre of the universe, to one planet of the 7 or so known at the time. It became even more apparent when the sun was found to be one star of many The picture emerged to further reduce the significance when the galaxy was found to be one of many. Man is just a creation - one of many - on a planet that sits within one of the many galaxies. The result of this was that scientists and philosophers became certain of the following 'facts' Whilst they're not 'facts' the environment at the time led to these beliefs:  1/ The universe is eternal. For 2000 years or so, this is considered fact! This thinking remained until 70/80 years ago. In fact it wasn't until the 1960s that this changed. This was never a scientific fact. It was completely theoretical. 2/ The universe is made up only of matter. Life has no purpose. We do not have a purpose. We are simply cells that have developed. We live a life and die - and it's the end. What's the purpose? Why? The problem lies in the fact that these were considered as scientific facts - not philosophic thoughts or theories. 4/ Scientific thought divorces all principles of design In other words: we do not allow the principle of design into science: a notion I tend to agree with. 5/ Man has no significance: a creature on a planet in a vast universe. Now we face two views: you... we are either here by chance, or due to a design. It can't be both. We're either here, as some suggest, by chance; or as part of a design. a universe that was deigned and you appeared in it. We are either deigned to be in this universe, or the universe was designed for us to be in. There are people, including scientists, who believe in the theory of chance;  and others, again including scientists, who believe in the design theory My own opinion, which I display here, is that life on this planet is not the end. The story does not end with the end of your life. Rather it's a stage followed by many stages to reach a target. This struggle between design and natural progression - or chance - is not anything new.  It goes back to Socrates, who was a believer in the idea of design  While Epicurus believed in the theory of chance - advocating the enjoyment of life    since there is nothing after life So this has roots going back to the 5th century BC. What is 'chance'? It's for something to happen without prior planning. and for repeated probabilities For example, if we throw bricks repeatedly for millions of years on a particular spot and with many attempts, as well as external factors - say the wind - it may create something that resembles a house. One of the reasons that strengthened the argument of chance, versus a creator  is the struggle between science and religion that was in Europe This thinking has remained I stress here: that there is still a physical philosophy behind science It's not science that investigates. I have noticed that there is no separation between the two. There is a 1 in 6 chance of getting a certain number from a roll of dice To get the same result from rolling two dice, the chance is 1 in 36 What if we have 100 dice? This is significant and I will come to it later We know that the answer is 1 divided by (6 multiplied by 6 for 100 times) As the numbers increase, and as you increase the number of dice, the probability is smaller and smaller.

Video Details

Duration: 9 minutes and 8 seconds
Country: Kuwait
Language: English
Views: 145
Posted by: buyousef on May 21, 2010

Dr Ali Hussain Abdullah discusses the design of the universe and how human life is related.

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