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ESOcast 96: Enana ultra-fría y los siete planetas

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Astronomers have discovered seven earth-sized planets orbiting a tiny nearby star at least three of the planets could harbor oceans of water making them possible homes for life just 40 light-years from Earth lies Trappist 1 it's a small dim red star known as an ultracool dwarf only slightly bigger than jupiter in early 2016 astronomers using the small robotic Trappist telescope found the first planets orbiting the star with follow-up observations a total of seven worlds have now been identified in the system astronomers discovered and learned about the planets orbiting Trappist 1 by studying tiny regular dips in the star brightness these are caused by the planets passing in front of it and blocking some of its light observations were made using telescopes around the world and in the space including ESO Very Large Telescope in Chile and NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope. The results? the discovery of an amazing rich planetary system with seven planets having similar sizes and temperatures to the earth and at least the innermost six are probably made of rock although the planets orbit are very close to their parent star it's low energy output means that thee illumination levels they receive are similar to Venus, Earth and Mars. Climate models suggest the innermost three would be too hot for liquid water to exist on anything more than a small fraction of their surfaces and the most distant and coolest planet is expected to be an icy world however three planets in the system Trappist 1 E, F, and G represent the holy grail for planet-hunting astronomers as they orbit in the star's habitable zone excitingly! this could mean they harbor oceans of water on their surfaces. This new discovery makes the system a top target for future investigation. With next generation of telescopes such as ESO's European Extremely Large Telescope and the NASA/ESA James Webb Space Telescope astronomers could observe signs of water in the atmospheres of these planets. The presence of life also leaves unique chemical signals planet's atmosphere which could possibly be detected on these nearby worlds. Dwarf stars like Trappist 1 are very common in our galaxy with the most expected to host Earth-sized planets The search for life may find success in a system just like this one!!

Video Details

Duration: 3 minutes and 50 seconds
Year: 2017
Country: Germany
Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
Producer: ESO
Views: 27
Posted by: ftruccoh on Apr 9, 2017

Fuente: ESO
Subtítulos en español: Fernando Trucco

Los astrónomos han descubierto un sistema de siete planetas del tamaño de la Tierra a solo 40 años luz de distancia. Utilizando telescopios basados en tierra y en el espacio, incluyendo el VLT (Very Large Telescope) de ESO, los planetas fueron detectados cuando pasaban delante de su estrella, la estrella enana ultrafría conocida como TRAPPIST-1
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