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Introduction to the Microbiome_Final

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>> Hey there. What if I told you that the most essential contributor to our health and wellbeing wasn't any of our human organs, systems, or even human at all? Would you believe me if I said that what determines if we're skinny or obese is not genetics handed down from our parents. What if the biggest predictor of degenerative disease, such as, Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's is what some are calling the forgotten organ, the bacteria, the bugs, or the single-celled organisms that live in our gut. Hard to believe, isn't it? This is a pretty strong departure from the conventional thinking that we've been taught. But lately science is taking a big interest in the gut and at single-celled residence because researchers have found them to be linked to almost every chronic disease and condition. We have bacteria all over in our body. In fact, we're made up of 90% bacteria. Crazy, huh? This means that all the cells in our body, 90% of them belong to these bugs, only 10% of our cells are human. Now wait, before you start thinking, you better go shower or douse yourself in anti-bacterial contrary to what we believe for the last 100 years, not all bacteria are bad. Guess what? There are 100 trillion bacteria in and on our bodies. And these bacteria are essential to our health and our survival. This is a good thing. The bacteria in our gut create vitamins, amino acids, neurotransmitters, and hormones. You think of them as a little internal pharmacy. Their handiwork has been linked to almost every essential function in the body. As it turns out, we do also have bad bacteria in our body, but they might not be so bad after all. Some of these bacteria really do good things, like they tell our bodies when we're full or when we're hungry. It's only when these bad bacteria grow out of hand that they really can cause problems. We'll go over all of this throughout the course. Because we're made up of mostly bacteria, humans are starting to be referred to as super organisms, reflecting the fact that we're composed of both human cells and bacteria cells. We now know that our bacteria make us infinitely more powerful and healthy and that they've been essential to our evolution. Yet, like our guts and our health, due to modern living practices, they too are suffering. Every person has a unique bacterial composition, like a fingerprint, that's constantly changing from the day we're born and all of our bacterias have genes. What we've learned is that human genes are 99% the same, where we really see the differences is in our bacteria. So the fascinating question that science is asking right now is are differences in health related to our differences in our bacteria? Are the bacterial genes in our bodies playing a bigger role in determining how susceptible we are to various diseases, rather than the genes we inherit? If you're curious about the answer to this question, hang in tight for now. We'll get into the difference between bacterial genes and human genes in this course and you'll learn why this is important to health. The bacteria in our bodies are part of what we call the human microbiome. So you might be wondering what is microbiome. When you break down the word micro means small, and bio means environment, small environment. The human microbiome refers to all of the bacteria that live in and on one's body, collectively. Similarly, the gut microbiome refers to the total sum of bacteria that live in a person's gut. We'll be referring to this gut bacteria interchangeably as the gut microbiome or gut flora throughout the course. So why exactly do we have these bacteria and what do they do? The trillions of bacteria in our gut help us break down food, while at the same time, creating essential nutrients for the body. In this course, we'll dive into how the gut microbiome affects our metabolism, hormones, and even libido. We'll also reveal how bacteria can influence mood, behaviors, and decision-making. This may give a whole new meaning to the circle of life. Have you ever noticed or heard stories from someone who changed their diet and started thinking more clearly, and then thinking more clearly led them to realize a job or relationship wasn't working? There's actual science behind this. Our gut bacteria and the health of our guts may very well play a significant role in our overall happiness. We'll also explore the ways that these bacteria function and discuss the proper kind of environment that's needed for them to thrive, including why modern living is not so conducive to their survival. You'll hear us refer the environment, our gut as an ecosystem. This is because if you think of the gut like a garden, it's easy to understand how disrupting this ecosystem can cause imbalance of unwanted bacteria or weeds. And over time, the entire garden can become overgrown. In our gut, this can happen with things like, antibiotics, pesticides, or not feeding our gut bacteria the right food. When we catch it early, just a few weeds popping up, the ecosystem is easy to restore. But when a garden has been abandoned for years, there's a lot of work to be done. In this course, we'll look at what happens when our gut bacteria are imbalanced, and how to recognize the signs and symptoms from both, western and eastern perspectives. There's a balance to the nutrients in the soil, the plants, the weeds, the bugs or bacteria, and all the elements that contribute to a healthy plant. This is what we call a healthy ecosystem. Well, the same thing is needed in our body to create optimal health and a healthy gut ecosystem. Right now we're seeing an epidemic of imbalanced gut bacteria from a variety of conditions ranging from what some call candida to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth known for short as SIBO. Stories are becoming all too common about chronic yeast infections and bloating caused by overgrowth. We're exposed to bacteria from birth, perhaps even in the birth canal, and we receive our first gut bacteria from our mothers. Right from the start, the way we come into this world can be the beginning of creating a healthy ecosystem or an imbalanced one. The bacteria and our gut becomes more diverse as we age and as we're exposed to various environments. Diversity seems to be vital to the development of our immune system. What if when kids stick their hands in the dirt? It's actually a natural, healthy instinct for helping to build the bacteria in their gut and their immune systems. There's a body of recent research showing that this may very well be true. The body's immune system depends on the bacteria in the gut to determine what's a foreign invader, toxin, or pathogen. In fact, 40% of the toxins from our food are neutralized by beneficial gut bacteria. Even though the gut is on the inside of the body, it's in touch with the outside world and acts as the gatekeeper. You can think of bacteria in the gut as the watchtower guards. But what if an overuse of antibacterial and antiseptics is connected to the rise in allergies or autoimmune illnesses? Sure, when surgeons learned to wash their hands, it saved numerous lives, but what if we took a good thing too far? Think about what products you currently use that are antibacterial. How many do you use in a day? There was a point when we were even putting antibacterial on children's toys. Imagine all the healthy bacteria these kids may be missing them, could've been transmitted from that toy that went in their mouths, just something to think over. We'll go over all these scenarios in detail and examine what some call the hygiene hypothesis. As I mentioned, modern life is hard on the gut. Many of you may remember a time when antibiotics were handed out like candy, Z packs were prescribed every cold season. Every dentist was required to use antibiotics for the smallest procedure. But now we're seeing the consequential results of antibiotics and antibacterial everything. Antibiotic means anti-life, and we're referring here to the lives of bacteria. What we didn't know at the time was that antibiotics don't just kill the bad bacteria, but they're taking a toll on all the healthy bacteria, our watchtower guards that work so hard to keep us healthy. The microbiome is one of the most exciting discoveries of our time. Many governments and independent insurers have funded research, hoping to find revelations about health. There are companies built entirely around collecting data on the bacteria in our body and in our poop. Researchers around the world are now looking into how these bacteria play a role in disease, obesity, metabolism, immune function, and brain health. Gut bacteria may very well hold the answer to why two people can eat the same amount of food, yet one person is overweight and the other is skinny. The answer may involve more than the genes they inherited from their parents, and bacteria may be at the root cause. Can you imagine what this might mean for the growing epidemic of obesity? Research in these areas evolving rapidly. The best way to be successful is to maintain curiosity. Every day something new is discovered about these amazing organisms that can live in our gut and in the rest of our bodies. Also, the bigger metaphor can't be ignored that the way we think about our bodies, it has to change and adapt to the latest science. We're not humans that get invaded by bacteria that make us ill, rather we're constantly in flux, a collection of cells that work together to maintain balance, a balance that may be different for everyone. How might this information change your current thinking? Let's also take this metaphor and frame in the greater context of our lives. Can you think of an example where this perspective could change your response? Can you think of any ways this might disrupt our current medical system? Share your thoughts about this in the Facebook group. So to recap, the bacteria in our gut may be not only the driving force behind digestion and metabolism, but the key to immunity and brain health. Understanding gut bacteria and how to create a healthy ecosystem may lie at the root of optimal gut health. Thank you for being a part of the solution in this exciting transformation. See you next time.

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Duration: 11 minutes and 50 seconds
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Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
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Views: 6
Posted by: ninaz on Mar 19, 2018

Introduction to the Microbiome_Final

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