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What it Means to Detox_Final

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>> Hi. It's great to be back. In this lecture, we're going to cover a subject that's very controversial, the detox. Have you ever tried one? Detoxing has become a cultural phenomenon in recent years, especially in regions where food and resources are plentiful. Many doctors and practitioners offer their versions of detoxes, and there are a countless ones available in the retail consumer-driven industry. Some consider detoxes to be yet another health fad, but the concept of cleansing, fasting, or detoxing the body is an element of various ancient cultures and was often rooted in spiritual practices. In modern times, detoxes are used primarily to improve health and appearance. They may be prescribed by practitioners to help the body process or eliminate toxins that a person has encountered or acquired over his or her lifetime. The term detox may also refer to the elimination of triggers, or it can be about providing certain nutrients to support the body's natural detoxification process. Research around how and to what extent the body holds onto toxins is still lacking. The detox industry is built on the premise that certain substances are good or bad. But as you've learned, toxicity is more a matter of quantity and bio-individuality. To detox is to eliminate toxins from the body. The body detoxes on a constant basis sending waste through the colon and out of the body. The purpose of a detox is to support this process. Many products and cleanses, anything from a juice fast, to cutting out certain foods, to consuming bentonite clay or having a colonic, tout a detox effect. But they may or may not support the body's natural detoxification process. In this module, we'll get into what is and what is not a detox. As an Integrative Nutrition Health Coach making a point to abide by your scope of practice when it comes to detoxing. Clients who are interested in detox plans should always be encouraged to first consult with their doctor. And any drastic detoxes, like fasts and juice cleanses that have the risk of negatively affecting a client should be avoided or only done in conjunction with a medical practitioner. So if the body naturally cleanses itself, why do we need to detox? This is a topic that's hotly debated. Are detoxes necessary? As usual, this is not a yes or no answer but a matter of bio-individuality. Under certain conditions, our bodies may benefit from the extra boost of a detox regimen. It's a serious issue when a part of the body's detoxification system breaks down as exemplified by anyone on kidney dialysis or requiring a liver transplant. Though the body is constantly going through detoxification processes, toxic accumulation can occur from diet, the environment, and drug usage. Basically, anything that overwhelms the body's ability to detox can be harmful when it occurs in significant amounts. There are many things that can get in the way of the body's natural detox process including lack of sleep, intake of too many calories, nutritional deficiencies, stress, and an overload of too many toxins such as processed foods, heavy metals, pesticides, and endocrine disruptors. Let's talk about how detoxification actually works. The gut itself is a detox organ, so what does it mean to detox the gut? The gut plays an important role in detoxification in three ways. One. It's the first line of defense against toxins entering the body. Gut microbes can help break down some toxins by deactivating or changing them before they have the chance to make it into the bloodstream. Two. Nutrients digested in the gut are necessary for the body's detoxification process. Three. Toxins must exit the body through the digestive tract. When gut health is compromised, this creates an opportunity for toxins to reactivate and reenter the system. Gut bacteria can either aid or hinder the detox process. Here's an example of how they can help. Gut microbes may be able to break down bile acids and cholesterol. On the flip side, some bacteria can create a chemical called trimethylamine, or TMA, which the body converts into trimethylamine and oxide, aka TMAO in the liver. TMAO can lead to glucose intolerance and an increase in fatty tissue inflammation. High amounts of TMA in the body are associated with heart issues and metabolic disease. It's generally associated with a diet that's high in fat from animal product, like red meat, eggs, and fish. But remember, this doesn't imply that these food themselves are bad. Again, this is an issue of quantity. The key to a happy gut microbiome is balance. For example, there is a compound found in olive oil and red wine called 3,3-dimethyl-1-butanol, or DMB, that has been shown to mitigate this process. Resveratrol, another ingredient in red wine and grapes, also inhibits TMAO. Eating a variety of foods in moderation can help promote better health and detoxification as diverse foods often modulate one another. In the simplest way, the intestines contribute to detoxification by serving as a portal of exit from the body for waste. Some substances may not even make it across the intestinal lining and instead go right through. Others do get through and head to the liver for metabolism, after which they may be return to the intestine in modified form in the bile for elimination. Bile made by the liver, carries wastes. It also serves as a laxative to ease the passage of these wastes. Our genetics and physiology uniquely determine how we handle toxins. This explains why two people may be exposed to the same substance but only one feels ill from it. One person's gut microbes may inactivate a certain toxin while another person's activates or makes it even more toxic. One person's bacteria may encourage the passage of a certain toxin through the intestinal lining while another person's bacteria helps to block it. There's even differences within our bodies too. When toxins return to the gut from being processed by the liver, that person's gut microbes may reverse the action of the liver. This can cause the toxin to again be reabsorbed into circulation, essentially recycling it back and forth between the liver and the intestines. While detox starts in the gut when our microbes first encounter toxins, most detoxification happens in the liver. There are two phases of liver detoxification. The liver takes toxins and converts them into either active or inactive forms. Then it binds those toxins to molecules that will carry them out of the body through the colon or the urine. During stressful periods of time, when the liver is preoccupied with converting sugar into simpler sugar to use for fight or flight, it isn't focused on detoxing. If the liver becomes overloaded and gets backed up, it can push toxins back through the bloodstream and they can be deposited for storage in fat tissue. If you were to google how to detox, you'd find a staggering amount of products, diets, and programs, and opinions about what's good and bad when it comes to detoxes are varied. Some types of detoxes are helpful while others may actually cause more harm than good. Many of your clients have encountered this massive conflicting information and are probably confused by what to do. Maybe you can relate too. Every one's needs are different, but as a general rule, a clean whole foods-based diet is an effective and important way we can support the body's detox process. This reduces the unwanted substances while providing the nutrients that our organs of detoxification and elimination need to do their job. Many also believe that getting rid of excess fats is helpful in the detoxification process since this is where toxins are stored. When the body burns fat, it can become overrun with toxins, which could help explain why some individuals experience detox symptoms. Our body produces free radicals as byproducts of digestion and metabolic processes. Free radicals can damage the body by interacting with healthy cells. Antioxidants are compounds that are produced by the body and are also found in certain nutrient-dense foods that can protect us from free radical damage. Also many plants have phytochemicals which have antioxidant properties. The way that antioxidants work in the body is also a part of the detox process. The liver uses antioxidants to attach to free radicals and send them out of the body so they can't do any harm. Think of it like disarming a bomb. Our ability to produce antioxidants declines with age, which means the older we get, the more important it is to eat foods dense in antioxidants. Heavy metals can also deplete the body's level of antioxidants. Foods rich in antioxidants include grapes, grains, tea, cocoa, and berries. For a list of the top antioxidant-rich foods, be sure to check out your handout, Nutrition for a Detox Lifestyle. Clients often ask if fasts and juice cleanses are good for the body. Cleansing by subsisting on nothing but water or juice for multiple days has the potential to make the body even more toxic, especially if a person has a large toxic build up inside of them. During this type of cleanse, the rate of fat burning increases releasing accumulated wastes such as toxins from pesticides and chemicals into the bloodstream. When a lot of fat is quickly being burned, this results in more ways to circulating in the body where toxins are now free to cause to damage. This is another reason why weight loss efforts are best when slow and steady. It's safer to release toxins at a rate that the body can properly eliminate them. Have you ever known anyone who did a detox program for weight loss? This has become very common in the weight loss industry. A potential benefit of a detox program can be the loss of excess weight since toxins are stored in adipose tissue. Once toxins get stored in the tissue, it takes quite a bit of energy to release it. And then those toxins that were stored away have the potential to irritate the system as they exit. Detox diets have been shown to increase cortisol when food or calories are significantly restricted. They might also be harmful to some individuals on a psychological level. Some people become addicted to or enchanted by the idea of cleansing and overemphasizes practice in their lives. Some may rely on it as a way to literally or metaphorically release them of their sins. For some, there is an implied belief that one is cleansing the body is bad or toxic parts. This implication could trigger negative body self-image or addictive behavior, especially if the client has a history with eating disorders or body image issues. Prolonged juice cleanses and alike also result in lower levels of detox activity in liver. The liver and gut have enzymes that metabolize toxins and prepare them for transport out of the body. Phase I enzymes act on toxins first making them more reactive, meaning, more potentially damaging to cells so that the toxin can be bound to a carrier molecule by phase II enzymes to help them get out of the cells and out of the body. When consumption of protein goes down as with a prolonged fasting type cleanse, this could slow down the phase II step of the process as it is thought that dietary sources of amino acids are needed. The result, an accumulation of these reactive intermediate toxins in the body that may be even more damaging than the original toxin. Fasting gives the body a nice break from digestive burden but it can also hinder the detoxification process. Fasting, juicing, or limited diets can temporarily eliminate trigger foods which helps the body to repair and recover. However, this will only aid the detox process if that food is one of the toxins that's overloading the liver. To recap, the gut is an integral part of the detox process. It's the first point of contact for toxins that enter the body before they're passed onto the liver. The mighty microbiome can either help with or hinder the detoxification process depending on a person's genetics and environmental factors. When a person is exposed to or has accumulated a large amount of toxins or when their body's detoxification process might be compromised, a safe and gentle detox may help provide a boost to the system. Detoxes can take many forms, from a nutrient-dense diet to a juice cleanse. There are lots of products and practitioners offering detox solutions to the public which can be overwhelming and confusing to coaches and clients alike. As a rule, clients should be encouraged to consult with their doctor before doing any type of detox. As an Integrative Nutrition Health Coach, stay within your scope of practice by not leading clients through any drastic detox plan such as a juice cleanse or fast. The risk of a complication is higher than any potential benefits. I enjoy sharing this information with you and hope that you found it to be useful. Later on in this module, we'll go over a list of safe ways to support the body's natural detoxification process. So if this lecture left you wondering what you can do to support the detox process, stay tuned for more. In the meantime, stop by the Facebook group and let us know your thoughts on detoxification. Thanks for watching, bye for now.

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Duration: 15 minutes and 16 seconds
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Language: English
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Views: 5
Posted by: integrativenutrition on Jun 28, 2018

What it Means to Detox_Final

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