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Watchkeeping

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[MARITIME TRAINING SERVICES INC.] [In case of any conflict between the requirements shown in the movie and the company's safety management system (SMS),] [please follow the company's SMS requirements] [WATCHKEEPING] An efficiently run vessel is the product of bridge and engine room management. The bridge and engine room are in constant communication, working together to ensure the ship continues to run in a safe manner. However, none of this happens without an officer on watch. This officer is responsible for the well being of their respective department and ensuring the safety of the voyage. In this program we will learn [WATCHKEEPING STANDARDS] watchkeeping standards for officers on watch, [NAVIGATIONAL WATCH] the basics of navigational watch, [ENGINEERING WATCH] the basics of engineering watch, [DECK WATCH] and the basics of deck watch. [WATCHKEEPING STANDARDS] Officers in charge of the watch are expected to comply with the watchkeeping standards. Number one of those standards being to maintain a proper watch using the resources available such as personnel or equipment and maintaining the safety of the vessel. [OOW Officer On Watch] A good Officer On Watch, or OOW, will have a good base knowledge of equipment and operations. A very important part of good watchkeeping is getting proper rest periods as fatigue is a large contributor to a developing error chain. Anyone who is assigned to be officer in charge of a watch [REST PERIOD 10 hours of rest in any 24 hour period] must have a rest period of a minimum of 10 hours in any 24 hour period [77 hours of rest in any 7 day period] and 77 hours in any 7 day period. [REST PERIOD] These hours can be divided into two periods; one being at least 6 hours in length and intervals between but not exceeding 14 hours. Officers will find their watch schedule posted in an easily accessible area. It's essential that OOW's are well rested so they may respond to an emergency situation and do so competently. [NAVIGATIONAL WATCH] The bridge is the brain of the ship. Here is where radars, charts and navigation tools such as ECDIS, AIS and ARPA are used in safe navigation. Before leaving the port, the captain will ensure the voyage is planned using up to date charts and review any navigational limitations or hazards. Primary navigation may be performed on the ECDIS or on official paper charts as long as position fixes and all route planning and monitoring functions are followed. However, during the actual voyage, the captain cannot be one the bridge 24/7. Instead, the captain will rely on the officer in charge of the navigation watch to run the bridge while they are absent. [Conn Control of Navigation] This is known as having the Conn or Control of Navigation. [OOW Officer On Watch] The OOW is the captains representative and is therefore in charge of the bridge team and ensuring the ship is in compliance with the international regulations for preventing collisions at sea commonly referred to as COLREGs and safe navigation of the ship. The OOW is responsible for navigating the ship safely during their periods of duty. Because of this, they cannot under any circumstances, leave the bridge at any time. They must be available to monitor the ships track, make proper course changes, manage collision avoidance and respond to any distress calls. One of the most useful assets for safe navigation is the lookout. Every vessel shall at all times maintain a proper lookout by sight and hearing. A proper lookout is essential for avoiding danger. A lookout is someone who reports to the OOW and shall have no other duties but to report sights and sounds of concern to the vessel. This can be other vessels, logs and debris, navigation aids and of course lights and shapes, report fog signals, whistles and horns as well. The OOW can also be the lookout. Under the STCW code, the OOW may in certain circumstances when the master has determined that it is safe to do so, be the sole lookout in daylight. The OOW should not be the sole lookout during hours of darkness. The lookout must continually monitor the navigation process by sight and hearing or any other available means if the aforementioned are not possible. In situations where fog or other weather conditions make sight impossible, the OOW should pay special attention to the ARPA and AIS while the lookout is intently watching and listening. The lookout is essential in assessing the situation and spotting potential hazards [Potential Hazards] such as other ships, shipwrecked persons, debris or other dangers. The lookout cannot undertake any other duties that could interfere with proper lookout. As the OOW, you are responsible for staying the planned course during the voyage. The planned route will be clearly displayed and available to the OOW at all times and used as a reference throughout the voyage. If a temporary deviation from the voyage is required, the OOW must return to the plan as soon as safely possible. If the captain decides there is a need to deviate from the plan, it must be formally amended and a bridge briefing should be held to review the new voyage plan. During the OOW's watch, they will continuously monitor the course steered, position and speed, double checking results with various navigational aids. Proper records of the movements and activities must be kept during each watch shift. [OOW Must Report] The officer in charge must notify the master is restricted visibility is encountered, traffic conditions become difficult, there is difficulty in maintaining the course, there is a failure to sight land or navigation mark or any essential equipment breakdowns. The OOW is also responsible for testing navigational equipment at least once a watch, checking the results with other platforms and recording them in the log. During each watch the OOW must check the following: [The pilot or automatic pilot is steering the correct course] The pilot or automatic pilot is steering the correct course, [The standard compass error is determined] the standard compass error is determined especially after any alteration of course, [Compare standard and gyro to the master compass] compare the standard and gyro compass's to the master compass, [Ensure all gyro repeaters are reading the same] ensure all gyro repeaters are reading the same, [Automatic pilot is tested at least once] automatic pilot is tested at least once, [Navigation and signal lights are working properly] navigation and signal lights are working properly, [VHF radios are in working order] VHF radios are in working order [All control and alarms are functioning] and all controls and alarms are functioning. When the first watch is finished, and the relieving officer has reported to the bridge, the OOW must ensure the relieving watch is fully capable and fit for watchkeeping duties. At the same time, the relieving officer must familiarize themselves with the ships position and confirm the intended track, course and speed as well as any traffic of concern. [Watch hand over] This is known as the watch hand over. All items of concern during a watch should be recorded in a watch hand over log for easy reference. This ensures that important details are not forgotten. The relieving officer should ask questions about any hazards to navigation, review the bridge log and satisfy themselves with standings orders of the captains. During the navigation watch, the officer will be monitoring many things at once and requires an officer's full attention at all times. Safe navigation requires all charts and logs are reviewed and double checked with findings from other methods. The OOW is responsible for the whole bridge team and ensuring the continued navigation is following the passage plan and most importantly, the ship is running safely. [ENGINEERING WATCH] If the bridge is the brain of the ship, then the engine room is the heart. Without the crew in the engine department performing maintenance on a daily basis, the ship would not have propulsion, power, heat or water for everyone to drink. There are many different types of machinery and equipment that play an integral role in the running of the vessel and require someone to watch and inspect them on a regular basis. The officer in charge of engineering watch is responsible for the engine room and ultimately the ships power. The OOW shall be immediately available and on call to attend the machinery spaces and when required shall be physically present in the machinery space during their periods of responsibility. The engineering watch is the chief engineers representative and is responsible for the operation and testing of all equipment in the engine room. A large amount of wear, tear and equipment failures can be reduced just by following the watchkeeping and maintenance routine. The OOW must have an extensive knowledge of communication systems, escape routes from machinery space, engine room alarm systems, and the location of fire fighting equipment. They are also responsible for inspecting all equipment, noting any damaged or failing machinery and executing all bridge orders. The engineering watch is also responsible for checking the levels and condition of water [Check Water] in the bilges, ballast tanks, slop tanks, reserve tanks, freshwater tanks and sewage tanks, check the condition of auxiliary systems, monitoring and control counsole equipment, and boiler controls. After inspecting all equipment, the engine room log must be filled out. This is essential in keeping all records in one spot for future reference. [Engine Room Log] The OOW must log machinery data along with the position of the ship, speed of the ship in knots, fuel oil remaining on board and any incidents or accidents in the engine room. If a situation arises, don't hesitate to ask for help from fellow engineers. The relieving officer cannot take over the watch if they are not capable of carrying out watchkeeping duties. As with the OOW on the bridge, the engineering OOW should have a thorough hand over. Otherwise, the relieving officer must satisfy themselves with the standing orders of the chief engineer officer, any work being performed on machinery and systems and potential hazards, the level of water in various tanks, condition of auxiliary systems and the state of the engine room log. [DECK WATCH] The same assurance of safety we have come to expect on the bridge and engine room also applies to the deck watch. An officer will be assigned the duty of deck watch while the vessel is safely moored or anchored in port. They are responsible for the safety of life, the ship, the port, environment, and safe operation of machinery used during cargo operations. The captain will decide the duties and duration of the deck watch depending on the conditions and type of ship. Typical deck watch duties include inspecting ship on a consistent schedule, standing in anchor watch ensuring the anchor doesn't drag and warning approaching vessels of your position, security of the gang way, noting the general state of the ship, maintaining a fire watch, observing the weather and sea state, recording level in bilges and tanks, logging the drafts fore and aft, noting persons onboard and their location, and observing for any pilferage by crew or stevedors, filling out log book with important events that effect the ship. The relieving officer must ensure they understand the depth of water at the birth including under keel clearance, any work being performed on board, state of fire fighting appliance, any circumstances involving safety of the ship, crew or cargo, the procedure for notifying appropriate authority of any environmental pollution, and familiarize themselves with any info on log. [WHAT WE HAVE LEARNED] The OOW are essential to the well being of every vessel. Within each department, the watchkeeper has various responsibilities that if not taken care of, could be catastrophic for the vessel and everyone on board. In this program we learned [WATCHKEEPING STANDARDS] wathckeeping standards for officers on watch, [NAVIGATIONAL WATCH] the basics of navigational watch, [ENGINEERING WATCH] the basics of engineering watch, [DECK WATCH] and the basics of deck watch. By complying with watchkeeping standards, maintenance of equipment and overall safety of the vessel and crew are ensured.

Video Details

Duration: 13 minutes and 23 seconds
Country: Andorra
Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
Genre: None
Views: 6
Posted by: maritimetraining on Jul 9, 2018

Watchkeeping

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