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BITC: Publication Class -- 8. Literature Cited

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Let's talk about literature cited sections. This is where you document the previous publications that you have read and based your work on. This is very critical for documenting where your work is coming from. Literature cited sections are probably the most difficult detail to get right. They almost always include errors. As an example, there is a literature cited section challenge that I put out on the Biodiversity Informatics Training Curriculum Facebook page. You're welcome to try that and see how well you can do. Nobody has yet found more than 80% of the errors. I took a page out of a literature cited section in the journal 'Evolution' and I introduced 50 errors to it. When I was introducing those errors, I noticed 2 or 3 errors that were in the literature cited section in the published version. So, again, errors are all the way through literature cited sections. What you have to do is learn to read and edit the literature cited section to catch those errors and inconsistencies. To give you some examples... Do you capitalize after a colon in the titles of journal articles? Some journals say, 'yes.' Some journals say, 'no.'' You need to be consistent. And, you need to follow the desires of the journal where you hope to publish your work. Do you put spaces between initials in authors names? Again, journals vary in their preferences; but, you need to be consistent. When citing a journal article you give the volume and the pages; but, do you include the issue number? Be consistent. I'm going to give you some examples. I hope you don't consider this tiresome or pedantic. This is a literature cited section from a manuscript being produced at the University of Kansas Biodiversity Institute. I took it as an ideal example of an inconsistent literature cited section. You can see those inconsistencies pretty easily. I'll point some out to you. 1. 'Downloaded from...', 'Downloadable from...'. Be consistent. 2. Spaces between initials in the list of authors for two papers. 3. How do we present journal names? Here it's italicized. Here it isn't. 4. Do we put a comma after journal name? Or not? 6. What's the format for dealing with volumes? Here, we have no bold, colon, no space, page numbers. Here, we have bold, comma, space. It's the same literature cited section so we need to be consistent. 7. Here, two different dashes are separating page numbers in that citation. 8. Do we abbreviate the journal name? Or not? 9. Do we italicize? Or not? 10. This is a very common one. Notice here the journal article is sentence-style for capitalization. First letter - yes; subsequent words - no. But, here, we have all caps. That becomes quite common when people are downloading literature cited citations from journals. Some journals download or export those citations with all caps. And, others export in sentence-style. You need to be consistent. 11. Here is the problem that I told you about earlier: do you capitalize after a colon? Or not? Again, what it really comes down to is consistency. Earlier, I recommended that you use a reference manager. EndNote is for-pay program. There are free options as well. But, even using EndNote is not a panacea. If you're not checking for consistency when you type in a new reference or when you download and automatically upload a reference into your database, EndNote will reproduce those inconsistencies and errors consistently through every manuscript that you develop. For example, if you're capitalizing consistently or not capitalizing consistently after a colon, references in your database will be mixed. And, every single manuscript you write will have those inconsistencies. My personal rule: when I download something, or add something to my EndNote database, I curate for consistency automatically.

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Duration: 5 minutes and 49 seconds
Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
Genre: None
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Posted by: townpeterson on Jul 5, 2016

Publication Class: How to Publish a Scientific Paper

A. Townsend Peterson, University of Kansas
In English

Academic productivity and effective communication of research results depend critically on publishing scientific articles in scholarly journals. This set of 13 video segments aims to provide an overview of the entire publishing process. It is not specific to biodiversity informatics, but rather can be quite general for the natural sciences at least.

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